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Margarita Cid

on 28 April 2016

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Transcript of Singer-Songwriter

- Singer-songwriter as a genre was seen as the bridge between the rebellious '60's and the carefree '80's
- People grew tired of the music reflecting a theme of rebellion thus the change to relaxing music or dance music was made.
What is the Difference?
Composer, Lyric writer, business
What does it sound like?
There is

no definite sound
to this genre
songwriters can write however they feel. There is no structure to songwriting in modern times

-no specific pattern or structure.
-Can be built of whichever chords, beats, and/or instruments the composer decides
-Songs are written from
-Singer-songwriters generally write and compose music to represent the way they are feeling

-Basic Idea for beginners (Chord Progressions):

5 Characteristics of Any Great Melody
1. Stay within an octave and a half
2. Use repetitive elements
3. Step motion is key!
4. Maintain alternating parallel, similar, oblique and contrary motion between the melody and bass line
5. Include a climax
Look out for:
-Emphasis on the beat
-This is regarded as a genre because the composers and writers at the time created mixed genre pieces
-Examples of mixed sounds are: jazz rock (aka "fusion"), southern rock, folk rock, and soft rock.
-Within the mid-70's, punk became popular
-rock->relaxed-> dance

Other Music styles
->different forms of rock
->punk-rock-> rise of disco -> electronic art music/synthpop -> jazz-rock -> hip-hop
(general timeline of the 70's)
(Miles Davis-jazz fusion)
2. drum beat machine
1. adjusted multiple sounds which copied the effect of a synthesizer
Singer-Songwriter as a genre was a response to the conflict and rebellion of the 60's within the middle class. The people of the time struggled with great inequality between race and gender. Their music reflected their discontent and desire for change. Once events had occurred and changes had been made, singer-songwriters had taken to their music to change the sound into what made them comfortable and personalized
Bob Dylan, Joni Mitchell, Carly Simon
Bob Dylan:
-Born Robert Allen Zimmerman
-Influenced more than 5 decades of music
-Songs spoke about the aggravated middle class and problems in society
-Fought for civil rights and contributed to the anti-war movement
-His original sound was American Folk
-His inspirations were Little Richard, Robert Johnson and Woody Guthrie
-Performs with piano, guitar, and harmonica
-Personalized his music by experimenting with a bunch of musical genres such as folk, blues, country, jazz and rock and roll.
- published 6 books of art
-best selling artist (over 100 million records sold
-Has won 11 Grammy's, an Academy Award and a Golden Globe
Blowin in the wind
Mr.Tambourine Man
Joni Mitchell
-Born Roberta Joan Mitchell
-Rolling Stones called her one of the greatest singer-songwriters
-Began in Saskatchewan and then moved to Toronto
-began touring in 1965 (US)
-Her original songs were covered by many folk singers and so she was signed to Reprise Records
-Switched labels and changed her sound towards jazz rhythms and adding hints of rnb and western music (making her sound larger with more harmonies)
-voice type: contralto (lowest voice range)
-Charlie Mingus asked for her help on his final recordings which led her to embrace electronic music and become involved in societal protests

Carly Simon
-Born Carly Elisabeth Simon
-musician and children's author
-Started off in a duo with her sister and named themselves The Simon Sisters
-has won 2 grammy's
- "Let the River Run" (film Working Girl) made her the first artist to win a Grammy Award, an Academy Award, and a Golden Globe Award for a song composed, written and performed by one artist
-1994: placed in the songwriters hall of fame
-2004: placed in Grammy hall of fame for "you're so vain"
-Completed her honorary doctor of music degree at Berklee
-Received the Boston Music Awards Lifetime Achievement
-Former wife to singer-songwriter James Taylor
Brill Building
-Between 49th and 53rd, ny
-Named after the Brill brothers who owned a clothing store on the street level corner
-This company allowed one to write and publish their music for others to buy
- one could get an arrangement, lead sheet ($10), make copies, book studio time, hire musicians and singers and finally record a demo
- one could take it to the record companies, publishers, managers/artists themselves
-deals could be made on the spot
-Fashion was open to interpretation and allowed people to freely express themselves
-People wore what was comfortable
-Vibrant colors were commonly seen
-radical designs
-exotic prints
-bell bottom pants and overalls were popular
Full transcript