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Boy in the Striped Pajamas

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Edward Cooper

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of Boy in the Striped Pajamas

1940
1942
1945
1938

1944
Boy in the Striped Pajamas
About the Author
John Boyne
Born April 30, 1971 in Dublin
Studied at Dublin College in English Literature, and later went on to receive the Curtis Brown prize at the University of East Anglia.
Also wrote
A History of Loneliness
and
Stay Where You are and then Leave
.
A regular book reviewer for The Irish Times, and judges for both the Hennessy Literary Awards and the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award
Historical Background
Set in Berlin, then the family moves to West Poland, where Auschwitz was located. (The children cal Auschwitz "Out-With")
Jewish Holocaust: 1938-1945 in The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Denmark, Yugoslavia, Greece, Norway, Western Poland, and many more.
Led by Adolph Hitler and the Nazi party, who rose Germany out of the ashes after the devastating first World War.
He recieved a 90% positive popularity vote for his work.

Historical Background cont.
German citizen education
The Nazi party controlled the education system from the kindergarten age to university level.
Teachers who were members of the Nazi party would come to school in Nazi uniforms, were forced to swear their allegiance to Hitler, and were mandated the teaching material.
Passages
“Herr Liszt was particularly fond of history and geography, while Bruno preferred reading and art. ‘Those things are useless to you,’ insisted the teacher. ‘A sound understanding of the social sciences is far more important in this day and age.’ -p. 97

These things, social sciences, such as geography and history, were what the Nazi party focused on in their education systems.
Identification of History
Anti-semitism
The blonde woman that was with Hitler
The family had servants
Lieutenant Kotler's father left Germany for Switzerland
Dialogue
Not historically authentic in regards to language the book is written in
Very unlikely that German soldiers under the Nazi regime would speak English - German supremacy
Bruno and Shmuel discuss where they're from when Shmuel begins by saying, "No I'm from Poland,' said Shmuel. Bruno frowned. 'Then why do you speak German?' he asked. 'Because you said hello in German. So I answered in German." (Boyne 111)
Uses English spelling for words such as "tyre", "colour", "pyjama", and "practise"
Dialogue cont.
Authentic in regards to how a child might think or speak
Uses "child-like expressions" such as "Out Of Bounds At All Times And No Exceptions" referring to his father's office and "Hopeless Case" referring to his sister
Often is written with an egocentric, child-like bias
Maria tells him he doesn't know what it's like to be hungry and he disagrees saying that he feels "a bit peckish" then
Symbolism
Bruno
Innocence and purity of children
Ignorance of the German community during WWII
The Father
Selfishness and cruelty
Man's struggle for power
Pavel
Represents the millions of Jews sent to concentration camps and their sacrifices
Shmuel
Reflection of Bruno: same birthday
Brain Workers
1. Why does Boyne use use "Out-With" instead of Auschwitz?
2. How would you react if you were displaced to a terrible place with no friends like Bruno for nothing other then a job opportunity?
3. Would you have approached a boy on the other side of the fence, knowing you were not supposed to be there?
Symbolism cont.
The Fence
Physical and social barrier between Jewish community and Germans
The Star of David
A religious symbol to the Jewish community
In WWII, used to identify Jews and was thought (by Germans) to be shameful
The House in Berlin
"Simpler times" and the pre-WWII era
Striped pajamas
Forced conformity & Bruno's naiveté
Concluding Remarks
Debate over the what the likelihood is that this could have happened
Unlikely that a child of Shmuel's age would be at a work camp
The fence surrounding the camp was electric
Unlikely that Bruno would not know who the Fury was or what a "Jew" was
Book said to have "horrified critics and thrilled readers"
Characters
Point of View
Plot
Works Cited
Barber, John. "A Debate over the 'limits of Representation'" The Globe and Mail.
N.p., 05 June 2010. Web. 23 Oct. 2014.

Schickel, Richard. ": A Failed Holocaust Fable." Time. Time Inc., 07 Nov. 2008.
Web. 23 Oct. 2014.

"John Boyne." John Boyne. Pedalo, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.

"Timeline of Events." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States
Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.

"The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas Setting & Symbolism." BookRags. BookRags, n.d.
Web. 27 Oct. 2014.

Vashem, Yad. "How Did the Nazis Control Education?" - Key Stage 3. London
Jewish Cultural Centre, 2011. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.

"Which Countries Did the Nazis Occupy?" Which Countries Did the Nazis Occupy?
London Jewish Cultural Centre, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.

Passages cont.
“Out Of Bounds At All Times And No Exceptions” various pages

This is a term used to describe Bruno’s Father’s office. Boyne’s choice of words here exemplifies the level of secrecy at which the Nazi party ran Its operations, and the level at which they hid their actions from their own citizens.
Bruno
Nine years old - Loves adventure/exploring
Son of the Nazi Commandant in Hitler's army
Represents childhood innocence and man's capacity for kindness & compassion
Slowly learns more in-tune with reality but doesn't truly understand
Shmuel
Nine-year-old Jewish boy from Poland living in Auschwitz
Just as innocent and naive as Bruno
The Fury
Adolf Hitler
Characters cont.
Gretel
Bruno's sister who he refers to as a "Hopeless Case"
Becomes very entranced by Lt. Kotler
Bruno's father
Commandant of the Nazi concentration camp, Auschwitz
Very intimidating, cold, and selfish man that cares most about power and rank
Bruno's mother
red hair and green eyes
opposed to the move to Auschwitz
Exposition:
Bruno and his family move from Berlin to the countryside, because the job that Bruno's father has requires him to move to the countryside. Bruno doesn't like it there and wants to move back, because he misses his friends and the bigger house.
Rising Action:
Bruno is slowly adjusting to living at Auschwitz. One day, he decides to go exploring near the fence and meets a boy named Shmuel. They share the same birthday and quickly become friends. Because of the fence, Bruno and Shmuel do not play, so, instead, they just sit and talk. A year after living in Auschwitz, the decision is made that Mother, Gretel, and Bruno are going to be moving back to Berlin.
Climax:
After making a plan with Shmuel, Bruno sneaks into the camp so that he can help Shmuel look for his missing father. Bruno, Shmuel, and other Jews in the camp are rounded up to go on a march into an airtight chamber. Bruno is never seen or heard from after that day.
Falling action:
After Bruno's disappearance, his family wonders where Bruno has gone. Bruno's father is confused when he finds Bruno's clothes outside the fence, but he realizes that Bruno went into the camp.
Conclusion:
The narrator of the last chapter concludes the novel by saying that the story of Bruno and his family "happened a long time ago and nothing like that could ever happen again. Not in this day and age."
Told in first-person point of view from the perspective of Bruno. Throughout the novel, small bits of information are given to clarify on certain points in the third person point of view. the The last paragraph is also told in the third person point of view.
Characters cont.
Maria
Family maid of the house
Kind and quiet but opens up to Bruno
Has respect for Bruno's father because of his care for her and her family
Lieutenant (Kurt) Kotler
Young soldier working at Auschwitz
Harsh, agressive, and cold - feared by Bruno
Pavel
Jewish prisoner that works as a waiter in Bruno's house
Was a doctor in Poland
Cares for Bruno's injured leg
Full transcript