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Fundaments of Music
Transcript of Fundaments of Music
Just a thought process
Vocal Ranges (Tessitura)
Words that help with the divisions of the beat.
Fundaments of Music
What music needs in order to exist
Depends on the amount of force applied
(Quality or Timbre)
Time and Meter
A Re-occurring accentuation pattern.
Rhythm is the entire aspect of time in music.
Western "Classical" Music
Succession of notes and pitches held together in an emotive manner.
-High (faster vibrations)
-Low (slower vibrations)
: Pianissimo (Whisper)
: Piano (Quiet)
: Mezzo Piano (Conversational)
: Mezzo Forte (Speech or Lecture)
: Forte (Loud)
: Fortissimo (Very Loud/ Yelling)
Beat: Rhythmic unit (as a second to time)
Accent: Stress of emphasis
Downbeat: First beat
Upbeat: Last beat
, 2: weaker,
Syncopation: Breaking the metric
established pattern to cause
One beat: Plum
Two divisions: A - pple
Three dividions: Straw - be - rry
Four divisions: Wa - ter- me -lon
Help with Meter:
Prelude Interlude Postlude
AB B= Repetition
AB B'= Variation
AB A = Return
Adagio = slow
Andante = Walking
Moderato = Moderately faster
Allegro = Happy
Presto = Driving in Germany
accelerando = speeding up
ritardanto = slowing down
A Tempo = Back to default
Fermatta= Holding a Note/Rest
1. Hammered Cordophone
rhythmical Providing Accompaniment
2. Mallet Membranophone & Idiophone
(drumset) keeping time (percussion)
3. Plucked Bass cordophone (double bass)
Provides fundamental and keeps time
4. Alto F. voice. Main melody/voice
A (low and choppy)
interlude (longer piano)
Amplitude or Volume
What we listen for:
What is Listening?
Performance Forces & Their Tasks
Kurt Sachs Taxonomy:
Cordophones (Plucked, Hammered, Bowed)
Membranophones (Hand, Mallet)
Idiophones (Hand, Mallet)
Elements of Music:
Do you feel the beat?
(Half=? Authentic=. or !
Antecedent vs Consequent
Describing specific changes in the music.