Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Fundaments of Music

No description
by

David Chapman

on 19 July 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Fundaments of Music

World Music
Just a thought process
Melody
Sound Travel
Vocal Ranges (Tessitura)
Mnemonics
Words that help with the divisions of the beat.
Fundaments of Music
What music needs in order to exist

Dynamics (Amplitude)
Depends on the amount of force applied
Tone Color
(Quality or Timbre)
Partials
Harmonics
Overtones
Time and Meter
A Re-occurring accentuation pattern.
Rhythm is the entire aspect of time in music.
Western "Classical" Music
Three elements
Melody/Tune
Succession of notes and pitches held together in an emotive manner.
Rhythm
Harmony
Frequency (Tessitura)
-High (faster vibrations)
-Low (slower vibrations)
Alto
Tenor
Bass
Soprano
pp
: Pianissimo (Whisper)
p
: Piano (Quiet)
mp
: Mezzo Piano (Conversational)
mf
: Mezzo Forte (Speech or Lecture)
f
: Forte (Loud)
ff
: Fortissimo (Very Loud/ Yelling)
Simple Meters
2/4 Duple
3/4 Triple
4/4 Quadruple
Complex Meters
6/8
9/8
12/8
Beat: Rhythmic unit (as a second to time)
Accent: Stress of emphasis
Downbeat: First beat
Upbeat: Last beat
1
:
Strongest
, 2: weaker,
3
:
Stronger
,
4
:weakest
Syncopation: Breaking the metric
established pattern to cause
rhythmic tension.
One beat: Plum
Two divisions: A - pple
Three dividions: Straw - be - rry
Four divisions: Wa - ter- me -lon
Help with Meter:
crescendo
decrescendo
subito
Prelude Interlude Postlude
AB= Contrast
AB B= Repetition
AB B'= Variation
AB A = Return
Adagio = slow
Andante = Walking
Moderato = Moderately faster
Allegro = Happy
Presto = Driving in Germany
accelerando = speeding up
ritardanto = slowing down
A Tempo = Back to default
Fermatta= Holding a Note/Rest
PFs
1. Hammered Cordophone
(Piano) ostinato
rhythmical Providing Accompaniment

2. Mallet Membranophone & Idiophone
(drumset) keeping time (percussion)

3. Plucked Bass cordophone (double bass)
Provides fundamental and keeps time

4. Alto F. voice. Main melody/voice


Prelude
A (low and choppy)
B
C
B
interlude (short)
A
B
C
A
B
interlude (longer piano)
B
A
B
C
B
postlude
Amplitude or Volume
Nina Simone
prelude
interlude
postlude
Giorgio Conte
Overtones
Partials
Harmonics
Fundamental
What we listen for:
What is Listening?
Performance Forces & Their Tasks
Kurt Sachs Taxonomy:
Cordophones (Plucked, Hammered, Bowed)
Membranophones (Hand, Mallet)
Idiophones (Hand, Mallet)
Aerophones
Electrophones
Elements of Music:
Melody (Ornamental)
Rhythm (Time)
Harmony (Texture)

Do you feel the beat?
LAYERING
a'capella
Form (Structure)
vs.
Tempo (Speed)
Cadences
(Half=? Authentic=. or !
Antecedent vs Consequent
a+b=A
c+d=B
FORM
Salient items:
Describing specific changes in the music.
Full transcript