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Cold War 1945 - 1991

An overview of the Cold War from 1945 - 1991

Dennis Cabrera

on 28 August 2013

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Transcript of Cold War 1945 - 1991

Cold War
Stalin ignored calls for free elections
Eastern Europe was under Soviet domination
Escaping Berlin
USA and Western Europe
Rival Military Alliances
Warsaw Pact
USSR and Eastern Europe
Proxy Wars/ Conflicts
Chinese Civil War
Korean War
Vietnam War
Cuban Revolution/ Bay of Pigs
Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
Two Superpowers Rise
End of World War II
Soviet & US forces met on the Elbe River, Germany April 25- 1945
What do you remember about WWII?
USA after WW II
400,000 Americans died in battle

The US economy was strong- unharmed by long war
US had a well-equipped military (including atomic weapons)
USSR after WW II
Estimates of 20 million dead as a result of the war

USSR demands a buffer zone
USSR demands a buffer zone
Germany Defeated & Divided
US, Great Britain, France on one side
Soviets on the other
Foreign Policy
How did the differing experience of WW II for the USA and the USSR affect the two nations attitudes towards foreign policy?
Berlin Wall
Wall erected by the Soviets divided East and West Berlin
“Iron Curtain”
Metaphor for Cold War
Harry Truman & Josef Stalin
Truman Doctrine
“the policy of the United States to support free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures."
Marshall Plan
American program to aid Europe United States gave $ to help European economies after WW II

Goal: combat Communism
United Nations founded
Established in 1945 by 50 nations
HQ was built in New York City in 1952
Can you name the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council?
UN Security Council
Body within the UN charged with peacekeeping and emergency action
There are 5 permanent members with veto power
Dissent Crushed in Eastern Europe
Hungary 1956

Czechoslovakia 1968

Poland 1981
Nikita Khruschev
Came to power after Stalin’s death

Instituted de-Stalinization of USSR

Leader during Cuban Missile Crisis
Space Race
The US and USSR were in competition to explore space
Proxy Wars/ Conflicts
Proxy Wars/ Conflict
Throughout the Cold War, superpowers battled indirectly
Why does this make proxy wars problematic?
Gorbachev’s new era
Glastnost and perestrioka

Reformed USSR away from communism

Encouraged reform in Eastern Europe
Openness, allowed more free expression
Restructuring of the economy
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Attempted Coup
Hardliners attempt coup

Hardliners defeated when soldiers refused orders

Soviet republics declare independence
Full transcript