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SWIMMING

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by

Erica Borja

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of SWIMMING

SPORT HISTORY
SPORT PHILOSOPHY
• 2 Main Categories:
1) Competitive swimming
2) Recreational swimming
• The Triangle of Swimming includes:
- Mental
- Physical
- Technical
• Swimming teaches athletes:
-respect
-patience
-gratefulness
-how to perform mental/physical activities on the highest level possible

SPORT PSYCHOLOGY
SPORT SOCIOLOGY
BIOMECHANICS
Application of mechanical principles of physics and engineering to the motion, structure, and function

→Center of Gravity
→Buoyancy
→Hydrodynamics
→Velocity
MOTOR BEHAVIOR
Motor Learning
- the technique and perfecting it

Motor Control
- not allowing any other factors effect what you have learned

Motor Development
- how an individual improves from an early age to adolescence
EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY
Alex Copello Jazmin Bermudez Katelyn Fairchild
Erica Borja Limuel Silva

2008
Beijing

Summer
Olympics:
Michael Phelps wins Gold by 1/100 of a second
BENEFITS OF SWIMMING
SWIMMING
WHEN SWIMMING...
Slow twitch muscles are used for Isotonic exercise (moving a muscle through a long distance against low resistance)
VO2max (maximal oxygen uptake) is reached at a faster rate
Breathing capacity is increased
Achieve full body workout
Easy on joints with increased calorie burn

According to the article
"American College of Sports Medicine: The Recommended Quantity and Quality of Exercise"
. . . .

""Your heart beats slower in water than on land because your lower body temperature in water slows your metabolism. Swimming slows your heart rate even more because the water supports your weight and your heart delivers oxygen to your body with less effort when your body is horizontal...""


REMINDERS
"ExPhys" is the study of short-term physiological responses to activity & the physiological changes from long-term activity
Water Therapy
Healthier Heart
Weight Control
Improve Asthma Symptoms
Improve Cholesterol
Reduce Stress
• Swimming is a well-known sport and is in many competitive events
→ Most known event: Summer Olympic Games

• Swimming is not gender bias (anyone can swim if they want to)

• Both men and women are viewed as heavy competitors in the
sport

• There are different kinds of swimming styles and non are specific to a gender

• Only wear one piece swimsuits

• Any gender can coach
→ Mostly men coach Olympic swimmers


• Elicits a natural, positive response to being in the water
• Water-based exercise can improve:
→ mental health of mothers and their unborn children
• Amateur and professional swimmers who swim regularly
experience less
→ mental tension
→ depression
→ anger

• Gain significant amount of energy through swimming versus other types of exercise
• The feeling of being in the pool
→refreshing
→relaxing
→liberating as water takes your weight
• Alleviates
→stress
→improves coordination
→balance
→posture
→flexibility

• Dates back to prehistoric ages (4000 B.C)
• Swimming began: Early 19th century (1800s)

National Swimming Society of Great Britain
began competitions
• England first modernized swimming and incorporated an
indoor swimming pool with a swim team

Olympic History
Swimming has featured on the program of all editions of the Games since 1896
Women were allowed to participate in 1912 Olympics (Stockholm)



THE BASICS OF SWIMMING
What is this sport?
"Underwater Track"

Common Events:
Relay
100, 200, 400, 1000m
10 km Open Water

**Olympic 1 lap = 50m down

The
difference
is in the
strokes
:

FREESTYLE
BREASTSTROKE
BACKSTROKE
BUTTERFLY
Full transcript