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FDR's First Inaugural Address

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Ashton Stockdale

on 17 February 2015

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Transcript of FDR's First Inaugural Address

Works Cited
"Teaching With Documents: FDR's First Inaugural Address." Archives.gov. National Archives, n.d. Web. 5 Feb. 2015.
Historical Background
Inauguration took place on March 4, 1933
This was approximately three years after the start of the Great Depression
The Banking Crisis of 1933-- 11,000 of 24,000 banks had failed in the United States, and states were starting to try and solve the problems themselves
Americans had lost faith in the banking systems and in the government
Millions of Americans were searching for jobs or earning close to nothing
Take a few minutes and look at your copy of the speech. Look for and highlight specific rhetorical devices that enhance FDR's purpose and tone. Also, come up with your own additional tone word.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
FDR was the governor of New York before being elected president in 1933
In 1921, FDR contracted polio and was left paralyzed from the waist down
Roosevelt served 4 terms for 12 years through both the Great Depression and World War II
http://www.c-span.org/video/?5792-1/president-franklin-d-roosevelt-inaugural-address
FDR's First Inaugural Address
By Ashton Stockdale & Nicole Reisinger

The value of American currency was falling and the farming industry was failing
Americans were looking for a leader who would relieve some of the detrimental effects of the Great Depression
About the Speech
Tone: forthright, zealous, sanguine, and resolute

Purpose: To point out problems with the present economy and government. To present plans to attack the Great Depression by expanding the government's power, Also, to inspire renewed hope in the American people.

Audience: The primary audience is the American people, but FDR also speaks indirectly to the present government officials.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. "First Inaugural Address." 4 Mar. 1933. Bartleby.com. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
Bourke-White, Margaret. There's No Way like the American Way. Digital image. Wikipedia.com. N.p., 4 Nov. 2011. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
Franklin D. Roosevelt. Digital image. Biography.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.

Powers, Drew. "The Banking Crisis of 1933: Seattle's Survival during the Great Depression Bank Closures." N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
Miller Center. "American President: A Reference Resource." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
FDR at his First Inaugural Address. Digital image. Americanrhetoric.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself"
Paradox
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s first inaugural address, in 1933. Digital image. The Living New Deal. Getty Images, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
This is the most famous quote from FDR's address. A paradox is used to acknowledge the attitude of the Nation during the Great Depression. It provides a positive outlook on the future that is supposed to comfort the audience.
Allusion
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Inaugural Address. C-Span. American History TV, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
"to speak the truth, the whole truth"
FDR alludes to the oath that is sworn before testimony in court. By including this, FDR shows his reverent demeanor towards the presidency. This is assuring to the American people.
Personification
"unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance"
In personifying fear, FDR emphasizes the effect that the Great Depression has on the public.
Parallelism
"Small wonder that confidence languishes, for it thrives only on honesty, on honor, on the sacredness of obligations, on faithful protection, on unselfish performance"
Parallelism is used to emphasize how difficult of a task it will be to uplift the people. FDR shows that he is aware of the state in which America is in.
Anaphora
"It can be helped by insistence...
It can be helped by the unifying...
It can be helped by national planning..."
Emotional Appeal
"Values have shrunken to fantastic levels; taxes have risen; our ability to pay has fallen..."
Simile
"We must move as a trained and loyal army willing to sacrifice for the good of a common discipline..."
Ethical Appeal
"I am prepared under my constitutional duty yo recommend the measures that a stricken nation in the midst of a stricken world may require."
Asyndeton
"It has met every stress of vast expansion of territory, of foreign wars, of bitter internal strife, of world relations."
Litotes
"Restoration calls, however, not for changes in ethics alone."
Anaphora used to emphasis that FDR has a plan. This should be reassuring to the public.
FDR acknowledges the public's emotions to get their attention.
Simile is used to show the drstic measures that must be taken in order to fix the economy.
FDR uses ethical appeal to exemplify his pride in the office that he is taking.
Asyndeton enhances the effectiveness of the Constitution, to which the government depends on.
Subtly calls attention to the drastic amount that needs to be changed.
Full transcript