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The Man to Send Rain Clouds
Transcript of The Man to Send Rain Clouds
by: Leslie Marmon Silko
J'quan Freeman and Briana Jordan
Abut the Author
Attended Catholic School in Albuquerque commuting from Laguna
Noted for her haunting stories based on Laguna folktales
In 1969 Silko received a Bachelor’s degree in English from the University of New Mexico
She later taught Creative Writing and a course in Oral Tradition for the English department at the University
A dry gully or hollow in the earth’s surface
A type of communal village built by certain Amerindian peoples of the SW U.S. and part of Latin American, consisting of one or more flat roofed structures of stone or adobe, arranged in terraces and housing a number of families
A bell rung at morning, noon and evening to announce a prayer
4. Medicine Bags:
Bags containing objects that were thought to have special powers
A heelless slipper of soft, flexible leather, worn originally by North American Indians
Place devoted to religious seclusion
A long, closefitting vestment, generally black, worn as an outer garment by members of the clergy
8. Last Rites:
Religious ceremony for dying person or for someone who has just died
People who are on Christians, Muslims, or Jews
Deviation from what is considered right
A person to be shunned or ostracized, as because of the danger of moral contamination
Leslie Marmon Silko
Born March 5, 1948 in Albuquerque, New Mexico
Native American (Laguna Pueblo), Mexican American, and White ancestry
Why does Louise want holy water sprinkled on Teofilo’s body?
Who are Leon and Ken and what kind of characters are they?
What is the irony of in the story?
What was an example of symbolism and why?
Who is the author of the story?
At the end of the story the priest struggled to create a mutual respect with the Indians in the reservation
The Laguna Indian Reservation in New Mexico
‘‘The big cotton wood tree stood apart from a small grove of winter-bare cottonwoods which grew in the wide, sandy arroyo. Leon waited under the tree while Ken drove the truck through the deep sand to the edge of the arroyo. But high and northwest the blue mountains were still in snow . It was getting colder, and the wind pushed gray dust down the narrow pueblo road. The sun was approaching the long mesa where it disappeared during the winter.''
Around the early 1960's in March
Teofilo was an Indian Sheppard who had gone missing for a couple of days. He was then found dead underneath a cottonwood tree by his two grandsons Ken and Leon, who took his body back home with them. Ken and Leon did not tell the towns pries Father Paul about Teofilo's death, because they wanted to give him a proper Indian ceremony burial. Louise wants their grandfathers grave to be sprinkled with holy water, so he will not be thirsty and can send them rainclouds, but Father Paul is a little insulted that they didn't tell him about the death sooner.
The priest, who is like an authority figure wants the Indians to follow Catholic ways but, in the end he uses holy water as part of a traditional Indian ceremony, participating in a non-Christian ceremony
: After Tepfilo's death Louise sprinkled corn meal on his grave as a common way of blessing in the Pueblo Indian prayer.
: Symbolizes cleansing, blessing in the Catholic Church, but in this story it is used because Louise does not want Teofilo to be thirsty after his death, and Leon wants him to bring plenty of rain clouds
: The feather that Leon tied to Teofilo’s hair shows the respect they had for him, because Indians only wore feathers on special occasions, and they were just worn by Pueblo Indians that had distinguished themselves to be worthy enough.
The lamb on Father Paul’s door is a symbol of Jesus, but it also represents the fact that Teofilo was a shepherd.
In the Pueblo culture, one paints the face and ties a prayer feather to the deceased’s hair so he will be recognized in the other world, and the standard prayer at the end of the burial is “Send us rain clouds”
Leon: Grandson of Teofilo, brother-in-law of Ken, round character
Ken: Grandson of Teofilo, brother-in-law of Leon, flat character
Father Paul: The local Priest, Catholic, dynamic character
Louise: Wife of Ken or Leon, round and static character
Teresa: Wife of Keon or Leon, flat and static character
Teofilo: Grandfather and respective figure to Ken and Leon and their wives