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South Sudan Civil War Genocide
Transcript of South Sudan Civil War Genocide
The Arabs wanted the Dinka to convert from Christianity, but they didn't have time to pray five times a day and tend to their livestock. This is why the Arabs attacked the Dinka, as they thought anyone who wasn't Muslim didn't deserve to live.
Civil War conflict in Sudan started in 1955 and lasted until 1972. The Second Sudanese Civil War occurred in 1983 and full independence wasn't settled until 2011 when the Republic of South Sudan was born .
The Second Sudanese Civil War occurred all over the country of Sudan primarily a split between the North and the South, it also spread across its borders into other neighboring countries due to the high caliber of the violence. Also due to the increasingly high number of refugees that fled to leave the violence. Here we see a connection to the Holocaust as Germany spilled it's violence to its bordering countries as well.
The people of Sudan consisted of the Dinka in the south and the Arabs in the north. The difference between the two was their religion. Dinka's were Christians and Arabs were Muslim. Since the nation was primarily controlled by Arab-Muslims, the Dinka were the minority (Lost Boys).
Due to disputes between the North and the South in Sudan, a civil war broke out in 1983. Tensions were high because of the North's control over the south. The south had access to Natural resources essential to the North's economy.
The Lost Boys and
They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky
Resisters, Rescuers, Bystanders
How it relates to the Holocaust
How it is different..
As a result of war related causes such as war induced famine over two million people died. About five million people were displaced, all while half a million fled across Sudan's border to Ethiopia and other countries. Adding to that, tens of thousands of women and children were abducted and subjected to slavery (Deng).
The death toll of the Second Sudanese Civil War is set at one to two million people with an exact number not known. Most deaths were caused by mass killings and starvation, two large causes that occurred in the Holocaust. The people killed were also targeted because of their faith just as the Jews were.
The Arab-dominated government of Sudan, centered in the capital Khartoum, tried to impose its control on the country’s African minorities living among the nation. (Sudan)
"Sudan." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council. Web. 15 May 2014.
"Lost Boys of Sudan." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 05 Sept. 2013. Web. 17 May 2014.
Deng, Francis M. "WINTER 2001 VOLUME VIII: NUMBER 1." Sudan. Middle East Quarterly, Winter 2011. Web. 15 May 2014.
In this short clip Augustino Deng speaks on April 8, 2014 at the launch of the Global Centre for Humanity. He promotes involvement in Sudan now, that a genocide will occur if action isn't taken in South Sudan.
Genocide is still a threat today in Southern Sudan, as there are over 43 different tribal groups, the warning signs for another genocide are taking place.
Because of the indifference between religions, organized crimes and killings occurred almost everyday. Bombs would be dropped on whole villages. After, rebels would go in to check for survivors so they could kill them. This is a key difference between the South Sudan Genocide and the Holocaust.
Violence of the same sort is being carried out today in South Sudan, the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army or SPLA, tries to fight rebel groups, but they are more skilled in some areas. Community violence continues to be widespread because of a range of issues: the availability of weapons, corruption, limited economic opportunities, and ethnic tensions among armed groups (Sudan).
May 4, 2014
January 6, 2013
The Arabs were the majority in this conflict and it gave them more power over the Dinka. They burned down many villages and caused those who were left of the tribes to be without shelter and even killed their livestock, one of their main sources of food.
No Government Help
Since the Arabs were the majority, it is no surprise that former president, Jaafar Nimeiri, was Muslim. He became president after a military coup in 1969 and helped end the first civil war. He was kicked out of office and exiled in 1985 after premeditating the second, imposing the Sharia law on the country, which was almost forcing people to become Muslims. After two failed presidents during the civil war, Omar al-Bashir became president in another military coup in 1989. He is of Arab descent, but does not impose that other follow his particular beliefs (History).
"History of the Conflict." Enough Project. Center for American Progress, n.d. Web. 15 May 2014.
When the Arabs invaded villages, many young children, especially boys, ran away as instructed and lost touch with their tribe, parents, and even other siblings. Chaos erupted when they were attacked, some boys were captured and forced to kill their own families, others escaped and had to learn how to survive. Child soldiers became common, just like the Hitler Youth.
They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky
is a book written by and about three lost boys, Benson Deng, Alephonsion Deng, and Benjamin Ajak. They learned how to survive in such a cruel time and even made friends along the way. They faced death several times, but sought refuge in Ethiopia and later moved to the United States to tell their story of survival.
Ethiopia, up until 1991 due to a government change, had refugee camps where life was better for people. They would travel six to ten weeks to come to a peaceful place where they were not afraid and were fed. Boys also went to school at the camps. Unfortunately, the peace came to an end in May of 1991 when the people of Sudan had to flee yet another country. (The Lost Boys)
"The Lost Boys of the Sudan." The Lost Boys of the Sudan. N.p, n.d. Web. 15 May 2014.
No genocide is exactly the same so there are differences. Ultimately there were no concentration camps involved in South Sudan, instead there was slavery.
Another method of extermination was bombing the villages, since villages tend to be separated by religious beliefs, they could take out the entire tribe by bombing.
America can be considered a bystander as it knew of the situation in South Sudan, but didn't want to get involved because they didn't have anything invested in Sudan. Also because America doesn't like to get involved in Islamic politics.
The U.N. did provide some supplies for Sudan, but it wasn't enough.
Rieff, David. "Genocide and Humanitarian Response." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council. Web. 18 May 2014