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Transcript of Professional Development
Solutions Steps to Success Overview: 1. What are the current problems with professional development (PD) today? (problem of practice) How does a PLC meet Professional Development needs? 1. Sustained
The partnership ensures that teachers meet with each other and university faculty continuously throughout the year How Do You Implement a PLC? 1. Exploration:
"whether the school and the university have a common set of educational goals and beliefs." What Do You Need to Make Professional Development Effective? The current problem Walmsley et. al. Elementary School Pilot Create a shared vision
This needs to involve the the control groups core beliefs. Where do we begin? 2. How can we make PD more effective? GQ 3. What is a professional learning community (PLC) and how does it meet our needs? GQ 4. How do you implement a PLC? GQ 5. An example pilot proposal. 6. Ways to evaluate a PLC's success. because we currently use:
"professional development in which teachers attend off-site workshops and conferences that may or may not inspire them to change their thinking or instruction"
( Linder et. al.)
Local Manifestation because: "the impact of a high-quality teacher has been found to play a larger role in student achievement than any other school-based factor."
(Hochberg & Desimone, 2010) The Solution is to Provide teachers with Professional Development that is...
Provides Opportunities for Active Learning
(Richmond, G. and Manokore, V.)
Focuses on Content Knowledge Policy makers and administration have to provide professional development and the current PD has been inadequate. (Garet et. al.) You Need a PLC! What is a PLC? PLC stands for Professional Learning Community Clark (1996) identified four main purposes of a Professional Development School: Working Definition:
It is an equal partnership between
a school (Called a Professional Development School / PDS) and a college or university. 2. Formalization: Heads of the school and university formally agree to work together. Specifics are not defined to allow for change. 3. Action: Groups begin to visit and participate at each others schools.Development of a steering committee. 4. Institutionalization: a "discussion can include funding, grant opportunities, and other issues that can financially sustain the PDS.""administrators who make budgetary decisions and decide goals and outcomes for the school district and university need strong data to support the continuation of the PDS." 5. Critical Growth: members use the PDS standards of the NCATE (2001) to move the partnership forward 6. Sustainability:
Issues with new leadership
Funding and recognition Probing Shared Vision Examples: As an exemplary school, we will be known for the following: As a result of attending our school our students will experience the following: As a result of being employed at our school our staff will experience the following: As a result of having students enrolled in our school our parents will experience the following: Why is it inadequate? Why do we need to change it? "Teachers have realized that their knowledge
about their job, their practicing and
skills are inadequate or seen that their
knowledge are changing rapidly since they
have started to work. So they need continuous
education." (BAYINDIR, 2009) "The research on effective schools advises that principals set the tone of a school and in many ways contribute to teacher professional development." ( Belcastro et al., 1992) The traditional look of Professional development must change with our changing times. While attending conferences and seminars will have a place in the future, they are incomplete for the needs of today's educators. 3. Data Driven
Needs for the group are determined by data. "In PLCs, teachers respond to data that require mutual accountability and changing classroom practices. Data help motivate teachers to see what is happening and what they need to do collectively." (White & McIntosh, 2007) 2. Collaborative
PLCs work within the school staff already in place and with educators from cooperating colleges. How does a PLC meet Professional Development needs? (continued) 5. Content Specific 4. Active Learning
Teachers are both learners and teachers within the PLC. Want more proof? A Paradigm Shift What does this mean for administrators? 1) to provide a clinical setting for preservice education 2) to engage in teachers’ professional development. 3) to promote and conduct inquiry
"Safe Space" 4) to provide exemplary education for PK-12 students. The Purpose of a PLC. "with long-term PD, teachers may improve on their practice by learning from each other or from outside experts, including university-based educators." (Richmond & Manokore, 2011) PLC Elementary School Pilot Choose a small control group when piloting a new program.
Allows for easier measuring of data. How Do We Approach the Teachers with this Idea???? Why are we doing this?
If teachers don't understand the why...they will not be interested in the how!!! How Do We Ensure Teachers Take Part In This Change??? Sustained Professional Development
(Lester 2003) Build Common Knowledge Peer Accountability How will we prove the PLC has been effective? Longitudinal Data
I Steep Scores
I Sat Scores How do we train team leaders? Professional Development
Ongoing Team Meetings
Sharing Professional Articles What are our costs? Approximately $900 per person
$1000 stipend for team leader
$7000 for professional development speaker Timeline Approximately Two years: What is our vision of success? Teachers sharing learning outcomes to support one another in becoming the most effective teachers possible. Through sustained collaboration the PLC allows for professionals to continually learn. This time allows teachers the flexibility to incorporate new teaching strategies within their classrooms. Teachers collaborate during a designated time to discuss teaching strategies that will effectively enable students to master the curriculum . Data!! Data!! Data!! We will be using 1st grade to pilot our PLC. Money can often be found through grants and existing funds!
(Clark 1996) Quantitative: Qualitative: Teacher surveys and meetings Thank You!!
Do you have
Any Questions? "Central to the work of these types of professional communities of practice are ongoing opportunities for learners to increase subject-matter knowledge; acquire strategies for instruction and assessment; examine current research and/or district policies to support instruction; observe, analyze, and coach peers; and provide ideas and feedback to each other"
(annenberginstitute.org) Meeting the Needs (cont.) (again) Will Capie
Jason Geis Collection of this data will be done regularly by the steering committee.
On a weekly and monthly bases with teacher interviews.
On a time frame in accordance with testing schedules in the school for test results. Reporting Results The data collected and the interpreted results will be delivered to all members of the pilot program and the board as it becomes available. Year One:
Positive team functioning
Gather data ASAP Year Two:
Gather MORE data
Begin to interpret the data Proposed Pilot Solution