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Basic Organic Chemistry for OCR AS Chemistry

This is a concept map showing the links between most of the organic chemistry needed for F322 OCR AS Chemistry. It is ny no means exhaustive but should be a good revision tool.
by

Anthony Cooper-Percival

on 15 December 2014

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Transcript of Basic Organic Chemistry for OCR AS Chemistry

Alkenes
Alkanes
Alcohols
Haloalkanes
Esters
Aldehydes
Ketones
Carboxyllic
Acids
Electrophilic
addition
Nucleophillic
substitution
hydrated using
steam/H3PO4 into
water is eliminated
using conc acid
to form
Primary
OH is on a carbon attached to 1 alkyl group
Secondary
OH on carbon attached to 2
alkyl groups
tertiary
OH on carbon
attached to
3 alkyl groups
partially oxidises
with acidified
potassium dichromate by
distillation
WILL NOT OXIDISE!!!
Full oxidation using
acidified potassium
dichromate
under REFLUX
using conc acid
catalyst reacts with
To Form
Oxidise using
acidified potassium
dichromate into
reacting with
halogens or
Hydrogen Halides
Undergo
The mechanism
for this is
to form
if unsymmetrical
forms 2 isomers of
via
in the presense
of OH- undergo
The mechanism is
can be hydrolised
using warm NaOH
under reflux into
Polar
Bond

contain
a C-hal
Rate of
hydrolysis
depends on
Bond
Enthalpy

c - I
C - F
weakest
therefore
fastest rate
strongest
therefore
slowest rate
hydrogenated
using Ni Catalyst
and 150 degrees
into
Bromine
Water

Double bond
causes decolourisation
of
free radical
substitution
to form
can undergo
the mechanism
is
homolytic
fission

involves
formation of
radicals by
Heterolytic
fission

involves bond
breaking by
involves bond
breaking by
to form
monomers
are used as
addition
polymers
undergo
polymerisation
to form
which looks
like
have issues
surrounding
Disposal
fixed by
cracking
organic
feedstock
Sorting and
recycling
researching
and producing
biodegradable
polymers
combustion
to
produce
energy
sorting, melting
and Remoulding
hydrogen
bonds

can form
volatility
solubility
which
explains
lower than alkanes
decreases
with
increased
chain length
Van
der
Waals
because
of
for
non
polar
means more
molecule is
for
drawn like
stereoisomerism
Same structural formula
but a different arrangement
in space
can
display

a double bond and each carbon attached to 2 groups
requires
opposit
E
Restricts rotation
double bond
Z
ame
Z
ide
e-isomer
z-isomer
c=c
Ch3
H3C
h
h
c=C
h3C
CH3
h
h
is different
to
structural
isomerism
Same molecular formula
but a different structural
formula
Prezi made by

Anthony
Cooper-Percival
King Edward VI College, Nuneaton
Full transcript