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Jesus, Buddha & Muhammad

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Alex Hagedorn

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Jesus, Buddha & Muhammad

Name: Buddha; "Awakened One"
Jesus Christ
Relevance to
Today's Modern World
The Five Pillars of Islam
These are the 5 main beliefs in Islam:
The belief alone is meaningless, and Muslims express and uphold their faith in their daily lives by practicing, described as the actions that arise out of belief.

The Eightfold Path of Enlightenment of Buddhism
Represented as a wheel in which the 8 spokes symbolize the
eight steps of the path. The center of the wheel represents
nirvana. Buddhists are required to follow the path to end
their suffering.

founders of their religions
immaculate birth stories
strong religious impulse
30CE He was taken to Pontius Pilate where he was sentenced to be crucified.
He was laid in a tomb in which he resurrected 3 days later. 40 days after his resurrection, he was seen by his disciples as he ascended to heaven.
The Golden Rule
Christianity "In everything, do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is the law and the prophets"
(Matthew 7:12)
Buddhism "Treat not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful"
(Udana-Varga 5.18)
Islam "Not one of you truly believes until you wish for others what you wish for yourself"
Jesus, Buddha & Muhammad
Similarities & Differences
By: Alexandra Hagedorn
Name: Messiah in Hebrew; "the Anointed One"
Mary and Joseph, a Jewish couple, traveled to Bethlehem from Galilee to partake in a census where Jesus was born. He was born in 4BCE but it's celebrated on December 25 although the date is not accurate. The Virgin Mary conceived Him by the power of the Holy Spirit and Joseph was chosen to be Jesus' father.
Jesus grew up following Jewish traditions.
At about age 30, he began traveling and teaching in Judea and gained many followers including the 12 disciples. The opposition (ie: rulers and religious leaders) felt threatened and made a plan with Judas to arrest Jesus.
Siddhartha Gautama
Born into the warrior caste and would become the king of a village. Queen Maya dreamt an elephant touched her right side and she conceived. In 566 BCE she stopped at the Lumbini gardens on her way to her father's house when she went into labour. Siddhartha was born from her side without pain and was instantly able to walk and talk. A Brahmin priest inspected him and said he would become a great king or a spiritual teacher.
He stayed within the royal grounds as ordered by his

He left the palace at age 19 where he witnessed the 4 Passing Sights: an old man, a sick man, a corpse and a wandering ascetic.
This showed him the suffering that exists in life. At 29, he gave up all worldly possessions and became an ascetic which involved meditating and fasting. After collapsing from weakness a woman found him and gave him food. He realized that adopting the Middle Way was the best way of life in which he achieved nirvana and ended his suffering.

Died at 80 from poisoned mushrooms in
486 BCE.
Muhammad ibn Abdallah
He was born into the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe in 570 CE in Mecca and was orphaned at a young age.
He was raised by his uncle and extended family.

At about age 40, the angel Gabriel appeared to him during meditation on Mount Hira to summon him as a prophet. He accepted after refusing three times and began to teach the message revealed to him. He emigrated to Yathrib with his followers which Muslims call "the Hijrah" as it was the first founded Islamic community. He maintained peace between the two groups of followers. The Meccans surrendered after a conflict in which Muhammad was able to return to Mecca. He formed alliances with powerful tribes which later collapsed after his death. At Ghadir Khumm, a few weeks before his death, he urged the
community to remain united.
In 632 CE, Muhammad died after
eating poisoned lamb. A Jewish woman
wanted to see if he truly was a prophet
as he would not eat the lamb or he
would not get sick.
The Ten Commandments
Moses received the Law on Mount Sinai. Its main principles are the 10 Commandments and Jesus affirmed these laws throughout his life.
Teachings of Jesus, Buddha and Muhammad
The Five Pillars of Islam
1. Declaration of Faith: "There is no god but God and Muhammad is his prophet"

2. Prayer: Salah; There are five daily prayer times

3. Fasting: Sawm; Ramadan is the ninth month in the Muslim calendar and is a month set for fasting.

4. Welfare Tax: Zakat; The right a community of Muslims has on all the surplus wealth of an individual.

5. Pilgrimage: Hajj; The expectation to journey to Makkah during the month of pilgrimage at least once in a lifetime.
The Noble
Eightfold Path
1. Right View: Recognizing and accepting the Buddha's teachings and realizing that they are the first step to enlightenment.

2. Right Thought: Having the right attitudes such as sensitivity, empathy and compassion rather than focusing on worldly possessions. A commitment to change for the better.

3. Right Speech: Telling the truth and being thoughtful in word choices. Refraining from speaking ill of others.

4. Right Action: Abandon wrong action and adopt right action by resisting from actions that can harm living beings.

5. Right Livelihood: Moral living that does not involve harming others or ruining their spiritual progress.

6. Right Effort: Effort must be applied to rid the mind of harm by controlling one's thoughts and thinking positively.

7. Right Mindfulness: Presence of mind, attentiveness and being aware with what is going on in the present. Constant self-awareness and to discipline the mind to achieve concentration.

8. Right Concentration: Meditation and being able to calm the mind by
concentration on something specific by practicing meditation techniques.
The Ten Commandments
1. You shall have no other god’s before me: God is the creator and respect and loyalty must be shown because of one's commitment with God.

2. Do not make any graven images: Do not worship anything other than God such as statues.

3. Do not take the name of the Lord in vain: Speaking carelessly and thoughtlessly offends God.

4. Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy: Rest and practice faith to represent the seventh day of creation

5. Honor your father and mother: Obey one's parents just as one would obey God.

6. Do not kill: A wish for death or an action to create death is wrong because it ruins what God has created.

7. Do not commit adultery: Be abstinent and follow the rite of marriage.

8. Do not steal: Taking from others is wrong because you are taking from God.

9. Do not bear false witness: No gossiping or lying because it is like lying to God.

10. Do not covet: God has given us each what we need so we need not
want what others have.
Jesus and Buddha
Jesus and Muhammad
largest religions
accepted the Old Testament as God's Word
acknowledged Abraham as the father of great people
followers recorded their life and words
Buddha and Muhammad
Jesus, Buddha & Muhammad
free those from suffering
equal rights
oppose idol worship
died of poisoned food
shun alcohol
claimed to be God; perfect
man has fallen, cannot achieve salvation on our own, He suffered for mankind to open the gates of heaven
He is the only way of salvation for mankind
fulfilled Jewish prophecy
preformed miracles (authority over nature)
offered grace and mercy; taught love and grace
died and resurrected (no grave site)
resurrection showed His divine power
believed in the last judgement; one's hope for eternal life is based upon his sacrificial death rather than one's deeds
was "without sin"
claimed to be a prophet of Allah
saw man as misguided and forgetful
way of salvation rests in the observance of the Five Pillars of Islam
preached law; taught submission and rules
believed Jesus was a former prophet whose words were corrupted over the centuries
last prophet of Allah; sent to clear up confusion
this word of Allah cannot be questioned
grave site in Medina
believed eternal status is based upon one's deeds rather than God's forgiveness and grace
was a sinner who asked Allah for forgiveness
claimed to know a way to be free from suffering
began to address problems of suffering in Hindu culture
proclaimed a life without suffering
claimed nothing about God
no claim to have or to show a way of salvation
believed in reincarnation, nirvana and dharma
no book or central source of teachings
He influenced Western Civilization. Will Durant, a world historian, credits Jesus' teachings with the beginning of democracy. The teaching of the value of individuals has resulted in schools such as Yale and Harvard, the abolition of slavery, women's rights, charities, humanitarian projects a many more.
Buddhism teachings easily relate to modern society. It holds the answers to many materialistic problems that are found in modern society as well as a deep understanding of the human mind. It provides a way of life that leads to happiness. The Four Noble Truths can be likened to a science system which can be tested and proved therefore Buddhism is more knowledge-based than faith-based.
"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not murder and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.' But I tell you that anyone who is angry wit his brother will be subject to judgment" (Matthew 5:21-22)
Class Activity
"Buddha Bellies" representing Buddha and Buddhism
chocolate chip cookie
"Unity Circle" representing Muhammad and Islam
butter cookie
"Star of the King of Jews" representing Jesus and Christianity
sugar cookie
Islam was key in developing the arts and sciences. "The Golden Age of Islam" relates to a period of cultural advancement in which Muslim scholars made major contributions to literature, mathematics, astronomy, medicine and chemistry.
To participate, make a group with the classmates that have the same type of cookie as you.
In this group, come up with 2-3 interesting facts about the 3 topics:
a) similarities b) differences c) relevance to modern society

*they do not all have to be from the same topic
ie: a group may have one fact from each group

How It Works
Full transcript