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The Lewis and Clark Expedition
Transcript of The Lewis and Clark Expedition
2. To gather information about the native population already inhabiting the newly purchased land.
3. Claim land for the United States in the Oregon Territory
4. Trace the boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase Impact Louisiana Purchase The journey Expedition's Purpose William Clark He chose Lewis mainly because he had already knew some of the west and was an experienced army officer. Lewis was the one who decided that he wanted a partner, so Jefferson hired Clark. Lewis and Clark's expedition officially began on May 21, 1804.
Their group consisted of 33 other men who together made up the Corps of Discovery. -They began their journey following the route of the Missouri River. The expedition group reached the edge of the Great Plains and saw many different species of animals. They also met their first Sioux tribe, the Yankton Sioux, their meeting was peaceful. -The Corps' expedition then successfully continued upriver until winter when they stopped in the villages of the Mandan tribe in December 1804. While waiting out the winter, Lewis and Clark had a fort built near present-day Washburn, North Dakota, where they stayed until April 1805. Easter egg here -They then continued along the Missouri River route, but were forced to separate due to the fork in the river. They were then reunited when they reached the river's headwaters. -Shortly after, the group was forced onto horseback when they reached Lemhi Pass on the Montana-Idaho border. -Once through the pass, the group was able to return to water. Traveling in canoes down the Clearwater River in the rocky mountains then to the Snake River and finally the Columbia River. Thus reaching present day Portland Oregon. -The Corps then reached the Pacific Ocean in December 1805 and built Fort Clatsop on the south side of the Columbia River. During their time at the fort, the men explored the area, hunted elk and other animals, met Native American tribes, and prepared for their journey home. -On March 23, 1806, The Corps started off towards home. The Journey Continues http://geography.about.com/od/historyofgeography/a/lewisclark.htm Mixed responses to encounters with the Indians
Some groups were encountered only through individual members
while others were met with in formal councils.
there were some American Indians that participated in the expedition by literally saving expedition members from starving and losing their way as they crossed the continent.
Some, like the Lakota and Blackfeet, had hostile encounters with the Corps,
Others, like the Mandan, Hidatsa and Nez Perce, forged friendships and alliances whose written descriptions in the journals still resonate with good will after 200 years. Websites Works Cited http://www.prairiefirenewspaper.com/2008/09/indian-nations http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/index.html http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/lewisandclark/indians.htm http://geography.about.com/od/historyofgeography/a/louisianapurcha.htm http://www.gatewayno.com/history/LaPurchase.html The Louisiana Purchase was one of the most important decisions of Thomas Jefferson's presidency and arguably in United States' history. Thomas Jefferson decided that in order to maintain a neutral position in foreign affairs, his only choice was to send James Monroe to discuss purchasing New Orleans. James Monroe and French minister Robert R. Livingston agreed on April 30th, 1803 to purchase all of France's "New World" land. http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/lewis-clark-expedition.html Lewis and Clark Thomas Jefferson supported Lewis and Clark to go on their expedition for numerous reasons. The group came to embody the values of manifest destiny, prodding other adventurers to embark on their own journeys of discovery and exploration. Jefferson and the United States government promoted their expedition because more knowledge on the newly acquired land was their number one priority.