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3 models of PD
Transcript of 3 models of PD
http://www.polleverywhere.com/my/polls The "trainer trains the trainer" Standardized PD Groups of teachers in a school or district working to create a permanent change in teaching methods. Site Based PD Teachers determine their own PD goals and activities Self- Directed PD And... Why are we talking about it? Which method would work best with your initiative?
http://www.polleverywhere.com/my/polls In House presenters/ faciliators
Possibility of longevity
Focal lens on the immediate or site-based issues
May lead to self-directed learning Benefits Possible Drawbacks Need for various facilitators (among sites)
Availability of resources
Time constraints Less costly Advantages Reaches a large group of people Local trainers can become on-site support Disadvantages Message gets diluted Often "one size fits all" Little support from "experts" at the top. When should You use the Standardized Model? 1. To pass along information to a large group of people 2. To introduce teachers to a concept such as using a technology tool 3. To expose teachers to best practices 4. To expose teachers to new knowledge or ideas Key Factors the method of conducting the training must be experiential and reflective rather than transmissive the training must be open to reinterpretation; rigid adherence to prescribed ways of working should not be expected; expertise must be diffused through the system as widely as possible, not concentrated at the top; a cross-section of stakeholders must be involved in the preparation of training materials; decentralisation of responsibilities within the cascade structure is desirable. Why Should I consider site-based professional development? If you want to focus development on current and specific needs within the school/target population
Master teachers, teacher coaches
Ability to differentiate development
Team/community building and collaboration opportunities
Relevant and appropriate to staff needs Things to Consider • Driven by a vision of the classroom
• Helps teachers develop the knowledge and skills to create vision
• Mirrors methods to be used by students
• Builds a learning community
• Develops teacher leadership
• Links to the system
• Is continuously assessed Hayes, (2000). References Site-based Model Self-directed Model Dunne, K. (2010). Teachers as learners: Elements of effective professional development. Teachers as Learners. 68-77.
Gaible, E & Burns, M. (2005). Using Technology to Train Teachers: Appropriate Uses of ICT for Teacher Professional Development in Developing Countries. Washington, DC: infoDev / World Bank.
Hayes, D. (2000). Cascade training and teachers' professional development. ELT Journal: English Language Teachers Journal, 54(2), 135-145.
Little to no cost
At teachers' own pace Advantages Disadvantages Ineffective with teaching basic or intermediate skills When Should I Use Self-Directed PD? No other organized PD options available
Provide opportunities for self-motivated and innovative teachers
Offered as part of an overall PD program that includes standardized or site-based TPD
Supports, incentives and structures are in place to ensure that self-directed TPD is the most effective way to meet teacher needs (Gaible & Burns 2005, pp. 23-24) (Dunne, 2010)