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Latin America Persia Chart Part 3: Cuba
Transcript of Latin America Persia Chart Part 3: Cuba
Government Type - Cuba is a totalitarian communist state
Leaders/Groups - President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul Castro Ruz and a legislature - unicameral National Assembly of People's Power or Asemblea Nacional del Poder Popular.
Latin America Persia Chart Part 3: Cuba
GDP/GNP - $121 billion (2012 est.) / Cuba does not have GNP figures listed
GDP Per Capita - $10,200 (2010 est.)
Industry - Main industries are sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agriculture, machinery, and pharmaceuticals.
Level of Development - The economy of Cuba is a largely state-controlled, centrally planned economy
Economic Activity - Tourism and medical tourism
Type of economic system - Cuba has a duel economy. Citizens have a socialist system. Tourism has a free-market economy
Holy Books - Bible
Beliefs/Teachings - Catholicism, Santeria (Combination of Yoruba from the West African area and Catholicism)
Deities - God/Jesus/Virgin Mary/Saints
Monotheistic/Polytheistic - Combination of Monotheistic - Catholicism and Polytheistic - Santeria
Family - Extended family remains strong in terms of housing as extended families often live together, partly because of the housing shortage. Children often attend daycare rather than grandparents taking care of the children.
Gender Relations - Men are considered the head of the household while women do the cooking and maintain the home.
Social Classes - Because Cuba is a communist country there is little class distinction, however there is a privileged upper class that has access to items most citizens do not.
Entertainment - Cuba has film, television, music, and sports
Life style - Cubans live under restrictions, they have food rations, gas rations, limited property rights
Art/Music - Cuban art is a very diverse cultural blend of African, European and North American influences. Cuban art is influenced by religion and the Communist revolution. The music of Cuba is also influenced by by African, European (especially Spanish) and to a lesser extent Chinese music. Cuba has influenced other music types like jazz and salsa, Argentine tango, Ghanaian high-life, West African Afrobeat, Dominican Bachata, Merengue, Colombian Cumbia, Spanish Nuevo flamenco, Arabo-Cuban and various forms of Pop music.
Writing/Literature - Cuban literature is one of the most influential literatures in Latin America and in all of the Spanish-speaking world, with renowned writers like José Martí, Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, José María Heredia, Nicolás Guillén (the National Poet of Cuba), José Lezama Lima, Alejo Carpentier (nominee for the Nobel Prize for Literature and previously the Premio Cervantes winner in 1977), Guillermo Cabrera Infante (Premio Cervantes, 1997), Virgilio Piñera y Dulce María Loynaz (Premio Cervantes, 1992), among many others.
Philosophy - Because of its Communist government, philosophy in Cuba is Communist Party philosophy and anything else is discouraged. Cuban born philosophers tend to work outside of Cuba to avoid government restrictions.
Math/Science - Math and Science contributions from Cuba are very limited
Education/Literacy - Classrooms are very plain. Students are required to wear uniforms. Primary school lasts for 6 years then students are divided into basic and pre secondary education. The literacy rate in Cuba is over 99%.
Architecture - In the early 20th century, Havana was spectacularly rich and Havana underwent an extraordinary boom period, architecturally enriching with international influences such as art nouveau, art deco and eclectic design. After the communist revolution a more functional design was put in place as there was influence from Russia and isolation from other influences.
Technology - There has been little technological contribution from Cuba. Their resources are concentrated toward the military. They have recently added internet access, but it is controlled by the government.
Physical Landforms - Escambray Mountains: Sierra Maestra ~ Pico Turquino, Sierra Cristal, Sierra del Rosario, Sierra de Trinidad, Sierra de los Organos. Bodies of water- Cauto River, Laguna de Leche, Zapata Swamp, Zaza Reservoir, Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico.
Movement/Push/Pull Factors - See Below
Push - political reasons - Communism. The conditions of life, especially economically, have gotten worse,people now flee seeking a jobs and a better life. To flee the persecution of Castro’s government, who imprison and sometimes execute citizens who speak out against his government.
Pull - economic conditions force Cubans to leave seeking a better life and employment. Family members in the United States, give them a base on which to begin their life. Freedoms of democracy, such as the freedom of speech and the press. With political persecution being rampant, freedom is a draw of the United States.
Human Environment Interaction - In Cuba, people have attempted to preserve the wildlife and nature of the country. However, this is difficult to do, as there are limited amounts of water and natural disasters may affect the country. Because the government has so much control over the people of Cuba, they are unable to do the things that they want in order to preserve and keep the country beautiful. Cubans are very limited in their interaction with the environment around them.
Climate/Vegetation - The climate of Cuba is semitropical. Cuba has a wide variety of tropical vegetation. The eastern portion of the island are heavily forested with palms, of which Cuba has more than 30 types, including the royal palms. Other indigenous plants are mahogany, ebony, cottonwood, logwood, rosewood, cedar pine,tobacco, and citrus trees. Only two land mammals, the hutia, or cane rat, and the solenodon, a rare insectivore, are known to be indigenous. The island has numerous bats and nearly 300 species of birds, including the vulture, wild turkey, quail, finch, gull, macaw, parakeet, and hummingbird. Among the few reptiles are tortoises, and the cayman, . More than 700 species of fish and crustaceans are found in Cuba, among these are land crabs, sharks, eel, and tuna.
Resources - Agriculture, minerals like nickel, chrome, copper, iron, and manganese deposits are the most important. Sulfur, cobalt, pyrites, gypsum, asbestos, petroleum, salt, sand, clay, and limestone reserves are also mined. All resources are the property of the government.