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Transcript of Romanticism
•Influenced literature, art, philosophy, religion, and politics.
•Originated in Germany and England in 1770 and by the 1820’s it had already expanded across Europe and traveled to the western hemisphere.
•Was against the Age of Enlightenment: age of reason and logic. Emotion
Individualism Realism focused more on reality and Romanticism was based on imagination.
Realistic literary work did not always have a happy ending and romantic work always had a happy ending.
Realism is focused on everyday life while romanticism is focused on idealistic life. As humans we are entitled to the right to express ourselves, this era allowed individuals to show their inner selves without being restrained by society and classics.
The Romantic Period taught people to not be governed by others and follow their instincts without following society's norms and expectations.
Encouraged people to not give in to accepting others ideas but their own and question authority.
No single style because everybody is unique.
Romanticism encouraged people to strive for independence and find their own self and pursue individualism. Presented by: •Valued imagination over logic, emotion over reason, individual over society, nature over artificial.
•The French and Industrial revolution ushered forward the romantic period and it echoed people’s fears, aspirations and hopes. Before the romantic period individuals were in a society in which they were not able to express themselves.The Industrial revolution shifted life from a peaceful environment to chaotic cities.Nature's beauty was no longer valued instead it was used for means of production.
•Literature at that time was solely based on the upper class and scientific observations and logic (Enlightenment). Romanticism was inspired by the French Revolution and inspired Romantics to fight towards freedom and individuality.
•Romantic writers were inspired by nature, their passions, emotions, and their heroes. Romantics created work based on their feelings and emotions rather than being restricted by rules and regulations. Characteristics of the Romantic Era Emotion "Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings"
-William Wordsworth Exoticism Romantics produced works that focused on distant places and environments.
Inspired Europeans to travel and colonize into foreign lands.
It is a sense of escape from reality.
France- favored Spain as the exotic setting.
North Africa and the Middle East- favored Asia as the exotic setting to provide to Europeans. Supernatural Romantics had a fascination for mysterious and unreal settings and characters.
Examples: Ghost, fairies, witches, demons and monsters (known as the pursuit of spiritual self- awareness) Nature Romantics stressed the awe of nature in art and language.
All aspects of nature are glorified in their work.
Mountains passes, deep woods, and violent ocean storms gain a positive perspective and are appreciated. Individualism Romantics were able to pursue their individual taste and they were no longer oppressed by the classic taste and believed that individuals have unique potential to express themselves. The Deluge
Francis Danby,1840 Saturn Eating Cronus
1821-1823 The Embarkment for the Island of Cythera
Watteau William Blake- one of the most prolific poets during the romantic era who expressed his passions and creativity in his poems. He was unknown in his lifetime and was considered to be insane for his originality and uniqueness.
George Gordon (Lord Byron)- known as the leading English poet in the Romantic Era.
William Wordsworth-an influential poet in his later years and was one of the poets responsible for the beginning of the Romantic era.
Percy Shelley-One of the finest lyric poets of the Romantic Era and was known for his radical views and unconventional ideas. The Tiger
William Blake Writers Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley- known for the book "Frankenstein" which informed people that science cannot do what God was entitled to do.
Emily Bronte and Charlotte- sisters who wrote their books based on foreign lands or unknown and exotic environments.("Wuthering Heights" and "Jane Eyre").
Bram Stoker- known for his book Dracula which is based on a character who comes from a foreign land (Romania) and pollutes the young English woman.
Sir Walter Scott- known for his book "Ivanhoe". His work was internationally known and was the first author from England who had a promising career. Frankenstein
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley Musicians Ludwig van Beethoven- he is famous for his nine symphonies composition in the orchestra. He was considered the first Romantic Era composer.
Franz Schubert-he is regarded as the first significant song writer and is known for his chamber music, symphonies and piano work. His melodies remain incomparable in music history.
Richard Wagner- he is known for his unique taste in music because his music contains rich harmonies, complex texture and a detail use of leit motifs (recurrent theme throughout a musical that is related to a particular person, idea or situation). Beethoven Symphony No.9 Painters Joseph Mallord William Turner-known for juxtaposing the smallness of men to the wildness of nature and also inspired William Wordsworth to write his poem "Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abby". He was inspired by the effects of nature.
Caspar David Friedrich-was a German artist who focused on the infinite potential of man and the mysteries of nature. His pieces show how nature reclaims man's creations.
Thomas Cole- was an English artist who was known for using fall colors in his paintings. His paintings showed the many stages of life.
Albert Bierstadt-was an explorer who would explore sites and sketch them to later go home and turn them into paintings. His paintings are known to be the combination of different locations. He played with colors and lighting to intensify the effect of the scene. Fisherman at Sea
Joseph Mallord William Turner Romanticism VS. Enlightenment Romanticism is aligned with nature while the Enlightenment is aligned with science.
Romantics lived in a unrestricted world and the Enlightenment valued society's traditions and rules.
Romantics= Imagination and Enlightenment= reason and logic. Romanticism VS. Neoclassicism Neoclassicism were more traditional while Romantics promoted individualism.
Neoclassicism focused more on moral and political purposes while romantics focused more on the experience of the person.
Neoclassicism focused their work on Greek and Roman history and romanticis, focused on nature,exoticism,emotion, and individuality. Romanticism VS. Realism Janet Arratia
Margarita Romero Works cited Badre, Abdeslam. "The Impacts of Romanticism on Literature." : The Impacts of Romanticism on Literature. N.p., 17 June 2009. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://badre-thirdspace.blogspot.com/2009/06/impacts-of-romanticism-on-literature.html>.
Brians, Paul. "Romanticism." Romanticism. N.p., 01 Oct. 2004. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/romanticism.html>.
Kartha, Deepa. "Characteristics of Romanticism." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 18 June 2012. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
Moffat, Charles. "Romanticism - The Art History Archive." Romanticism - The Art History Archive. N.p., Nov. 2010. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/romanticism/arthistory_romanticism.html>.
Peeyaj. "The Greatest Composers of the Romantic Era of Music." Classical Music Forums Talk Classical RSS. N.p., 02 May 2011. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://www.talkclassical.com/blogs/peeyaj/146-greatest-composers-romantic-era.html>.
Ritzi, Clare. "The Influence of the French Revolution on 19th Century Literature and Romanticism." Yahoo! Contributor Network. N.p., 06 Apr. 2006. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://voices.yahoo.com/the-influence-french-revolution-19th-century-30446.html>.
Shc200099. "Last 30 Seconds of Beethoven Symphony No.9." YouTube. YouTube, 23 June 2012. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMYozbZ9r60>.
Unknown. "Scottish Poetry Library." Sir Walter Scott. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://www.scottishpoetrylibrary.org.uk/poetry/poets/sir-walter-scott>.