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Maya Civilization

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美淵 李

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of Maya Civilization

Maya Civilization was at its peak in the Classic Period, which was about 900 A.D.
Characterized by the
Government
Consisted of a large number of city-states.
Practiced a form of divination
Thank you!
Occupied the eastern third of Mesoamerica, specifically the Yucatan Peninsula.
Citations
Information
Maya Civilization
Daily Living
Kings and nobles had their needs provided by the commoners and slaves.
Known for:
Fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian era
Art
Architecture
Mathematical and astronomical systems.
Established during the Pre-Classic period (c. 2000 BC to AD 250).
Many Maya cities reached their highest state of development during the Classic period (c. AD 250 to 900)

Advances did not come from the Maya.
They fully developed them.
Writing
Epigraphy
Calendar
Religious Beliefs
Worship of nature gods (especially the gods of sun, rain and corn)
A priestly class
The importance of astronomy and astrology
rituals of human sacrifice
The buildings of pyramids-temples.
Polytheism
Most important deity was the supreme god Itzamná
The creator god, the god of the fire and god of the hearth.
The afterlife consisted of a dangerous voyage of the soul through the underworld.
Heaven was reserved for those who had been sacrificed or died in childbirth.
Astronomy
The priests discerned lucky days from unlucky ones,
and advising the rulers on the best days to plant, harvest, wage war, etc.
The Mayan calendar was very advanced
A solar year of 365 days
18 months of 20 days each,
followed by a five-days period that was highly unlucky
Human sacrifice was a central Mayan religious practice
Encourage fertility
Demonstrate piety
Propitiate the gods.
Ritual bloodletting
the only way to make contact with the gods
Believed that if they neglected these rituals,
universal disorders and chaos would result.
Decline
The Classic Maya Collapse is one of the biggest mysteries in archaeology.
Each city-state had its own independent government.
Each city-state was ruled by a king
Mediator between the people and the gods
Powerful councils of leaders who ran the government
The priests were powerful figures in the government as well.
The kings often came to the priests for advice on what to do in a crisis and to get predictions of the future.
The Maya had strict laws.
The Maya did not have prisons
Death
Slavery
Fines
Shave the person's head
Punishments
Clothes, Food, and Strengths.
Carry them in litters from place to place
A Maya commoner usually worked as a farmer.
Women: stayed at home and do house-chores
spent evenings wove cloth to make clothing
Men: worked at the fields
spent evenings working on crafts such as tools
The clothing worn by the Maya depended on the region they lived in and their social status.
The wealthy wore colorful clothing made from animal skins.
They also wore feather headdresses and fancy jewelry.
Commoners wore simpler clothing.
The men often wore loincloths while the women wore long skirts.
Both men and women would use a blanket called a manta to wrap around their shoulders when it was cold.
One by one, the Classic cities in the southern lowlands were abandoned, and by A.D. 900, Maya civilization in that region had collapsed.
The three factors (overpopulation and overuse of the land, endemic warfare and drought) may have played a part in the downfall of the Maya in the southern lowlands.
In the highlands of the Yucatan, a few Maya cites continued to flourish in the Post-Classic Period until the Spanish invaders arrived. (A.D. 900-1500).
Citations
Citations
"Maya Civilization." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Mar. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
"Maya." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.
"Pre-Columbian Era." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Mar. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
"Maya City." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Jan. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
"The Rise and Fall of the Mayan Empire - NASA Science." The Rise and Fall of the Mayan Empire - NASA Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
General
Information
Pictures
Mesoamerica Map. Digital image. Mesoamerica Map. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://mdooley7396.weebly.com/uploads/1/0/8/0/10805870/6039978_orig.jpg?396>.
Mayan Writing System. Digital image. Maya Writing System. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.ancientscripts.com/images/landa_maya.gif>.
Maya Art. Digital image. Maya Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.lost-civilizations.net/images/mayan/mayahau.jpg>.
Maya Architecture. Digital image. Maya Architecture. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://static.flickr.com/93/279691492_77937a0d43_o.jpg>.
Maya Mathematical System. Digital image. Maya Mathematical System. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Diagrams/Maya_num.gif>.
Maya Astronomical System. Digital image. Maya Astronomical System. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://ircamera.as.arizona.edu/NatSci102/NatSci102/text/dresdencod.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Epigrahy. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://mayan2012kids.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/img00794.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Calendar. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.webexhibits.org/calendars/imagesFolder/images2009/shutterstock1830582Z.jpg>.

Religious Beliefs
Information
"Mayan Religion." - ReligionFacts. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.
Pictures
Digital image. Itzamná. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.wikisymbol.com/images/com_sobi2/gallery/291/291_image_1.jpg>.
Digital image. Jaguar. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/civil/maya/images/mayajagb.gif>.
Digital image. Mayan Calendar. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
<http://images8.alphacoders.com/386/386145.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Priest. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.lifebloodgames.com/projects/ritual_incarnation/ritual_art/ritual_chara_full/mayan_priest/Priest_View_01.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Sacrifice. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://s207.photobucket.com/user/angryhistorian/media/aztecsacrifice.jpg.html>.
Digital image. Mayan Sacrifice. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://sumnonrabidus.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/sacrificea.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Sacrifice. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://i207.photobucket.com/albums/bb127/angryhistorian/aztecsacrifice.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Sacrifice. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://incamayaparadise.weebly.com/uploads/4/4/2/2/4422930/6289409.gif?158>.
Government
Pictures
Digital image. Mayan King. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/maya/maya_ruler.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Class Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/current/ED101fa11/aoshins/aoshins/uploads/8/9/8/7/8987311/5740327_orig.png>.

Information
"Maya Civilization." For Kids: Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
Daily Life
Information
"Maya Civilization." For Kids: Daily Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2014.

Pictures
Digital image. Mayan King and Slaves. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.bmaf.org/files/image/Horses_Maya_chieftan_and_litter_bearers.jpg>.
Mayan Women's Clothes. Digital image. Deviant Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. <http://fc04.deviantart.net/fs70/i/2011/116/1/3/tenochtitlan_fashion_by_avthundebird-d3ez4yj.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Men Commoner Clothing. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://payload.cargocollective.com/1/2/94916/1409015/M%20-%20Yucatan%20Postclassic%20Loincloth.jpg>.
Mayan Women's Clothes. Digital image. Deviant Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. <http://fc04.deviantart.net/fs70/i/2011/116/1/3/tenochtitlan_fashion_by_avthundebird-d3ez4yj.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Palce. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://imgc.allpostersimages.com/images/P-473-488-90/62/6243/ZJX3100Z/posters/balan-madhavan-palace-of-labna-mayan-ruins-labna-yucatan-mexico-north-america.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Stone Hut. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://mayan25.weebly.com/uploads/1/6/4/6/16468620/3260373.jpg>.
Digital image. Mayan Hut. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.mayadiscovery.com/ing/archaeology/architecture/palapa.gif>.

"Classic Maya Collapse." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Jan. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
"Maya." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2014
The kings and nobles lived inside the city in large palaces made from stone.
The commoners lived in huts outside the city near their farms.
The huts were usually made from mud, but were sometimes made from stones.
Full transcript