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Copy of 13 colonies compare/contrast web

compare and contrast the 13 colonies

Bryan Taylor

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of Copy of 13 colonies compare/contrast web

13 Colonies 1607-1700 New England Middle Southern Political Practices Geography Political Practices Areas that have a variety of things in common Regions New England Establishment of the colonies - Rocky Soil
- Cold Climate
- Waterfalls limited access inland on the rivers
- Small farms near town centers Middle (Mid-Atlantic) Roger Williams:
- Providence
- Banished from Mass. for his radical ideas
- Believed in:
- religious tolerance
- Separation of church and state
- political democracy Southern Thomas Hooker:
- 1636
- Hartford
- Believed in:
- government should be to the agreement of those it governs
- Non-church members could vote Pilgrims, Puritans, and Separatists seeking religious freedom from the Church of England Physical Geography of the region Climate:
- Cool weather
- Longer winters, shorter summers Landscape:
- Rocky land
- Waterfalls limited river access
- Poor soil
- Difficult growing crops
- Forests Subsistence Farming:
- Only grew enough food to supply themselves Economy relied on:
- Lumber
- Ship Building
- Fishing
- Trading Political Practices Who governed, how they governed, rules they followed Mayflower Compact:
- An agreement to accept majority rule and a government that is in the best interest of all members of the colony Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1638
- Was the first written constitution in the colonies
- Extended voting rights to non-church members
- Limited the power of the government
*Thomas Hooker Town Meetings:
- Became an important place for men to have a voice and vote on issues.
- Encouraged the growth of Democracy. How they made laws and kept order Colonial Government The 13 Colonies Colonial Self-government Land surrendered to the Duke of York in 1664 New Jersey Land given to John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret in 1664 Pennsylvania Delaware William Penn:
- Established as a safe place for Quakers
- Quakers: believed in peace, acceptance of all religions, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire Anne Hutchinson:
- Challenged the authority of the church
- Forced out of Mass. Economy relied on:
- Corn and wheat
- "bread basket"
- "Cash Crops"
- Ship building
- Fishing
- Good harbors Climate:
- Warm summers and cool winters
- Longer growing season Landscape:
- Fertile Soil
- Flat land
- Deep harbors for ships Proprietary Colonies:
- Individuals owned the land Duke of York:
New York William Penn: Pennsylvania John Berkeley and George Carteret:
New Jersey Virginia Maryland North and South Carolina Georgia James Oglethorpe:
-English Debtors Buffer between Spanish Florida and the colonies Founded by settlers from Virginia Lord Baltimore:
- A safe place for Roman Catholics John Smith 1607:
- Virginia Company
- Established in search of money Landscape:
- Rich soil
- Suited for growing crops
- Abundant land Climate:
- Long, warm summers
- Long growing season Economy relied on:
- Plantations
- Tobacco and other "cash crops"
- There were very few cities Plantations covered large areas of land and required laborers to work on the farms.
- Relied heavily on African slave labor. John Rolfe:
- Developed a new type of tobacco that made Virginia wealthy. Virginia Company of London
- Appointed governors for the colony House of Burgesses: 1619
- First elected legislature (lawmakers) in the colonies Carolinas and Georgia:
- Royal Colonies
- Ruled by governors appointed by the King of England Physical Geography of the region First settled by Pilgrims and Puritans seeking religious freedom Pilgrims:
- 1620 Plymouth Mass. Puritans:
-1630 Massachusetts Bay - Home to many religious groups
- Quakers: Pennsylvania
- Roman Catholics: Maryland - Uncleared forests
- Fertile soil
- moderately growing season
- Good harbors for ship travel - Warm Climate
- Fertile soil
- Plantations
- Relied on slave labor
- Tobacco, rice, and indigo - Mainly from England, Scotland, and Ireland
- Tolerant of many religions
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