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The Evolution of the Olympics
Transcript of The Evolution of the Olympics
The most successful competitor was German wrestler and gymnast Carl Schuhmann, who won four events.
Olympic rings - The Flag
Events at the Early Games
At first the games were only held for one day with one event. That event was a short sprint from one end of the stadium to the other
Gradually more events were added making the duration longer. It became four days of competition. They included : running, throwing of the javelin & discus, wrestling, boxing,long jump and chariot racing
Women at the Ancient Games
Where it all Started...
The Olympic Games began over 2,700 years ago in Olympia, in southwest Greece. The Games were part of a religious festival. They did it in honour of the Greek god Zeus. The first Olympic game is thought to have begun in 776BC. This is what inspired the beginning of the modern day Olympic Games.
The Evolution of the Olympics Games
The modern Games were founded by the Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a Frenchman.
The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was a multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 6 to 15 April 1896.
It was the first international Olympic Games held in the Modern era.
The Games had the largest international participation of any sporting event to that date.
It had the largest crowd ever to watch a sporting event
The highlight for the Greeks was the marathon victory by their compatriot Spyridon Louis.
The five rings that make up the Olympic symbol represents the union of five continents and the meeting of athletes from all over the world during the Games. The rings symbolise the universality
of the Olympic Movement.
• Black representing Africa
representing Australia (Oceania)
A Surrogate Flag
The Olympic flag is a symbol of peace, goodwill, and global solidarity and tolerance. True to this meaning, she has lent her colors to many athletes who were unable to compete under their own flag.
Because Ancient Greece was the birthplace of the Olympic Games, Athens was considered to be an appropriate choice to stage the inaugural modern Games. It was unanimously chosen as the host city during a congress organized by de Coubertin in Paris.
Married women were not allowed in the Olympics. Any woman caught sneaking in were punished
Unmarried women had their own festival at Olympia every four years. It was called Heraia, held in honour of Hera, wife of Zeus. They would compete in running races. Winners were awarded crowns of sacred olive branches, the same as men. As a rule Greek women did not go in for sport, unless they were Spartans.
The Nastiest Event..
Pankration was considered the nastiest event. This was a type of wrestling with almost no rules. Biting and poking people's eyes were officially banned, but some competitors did it! This was one of the more popular events.
Pierre de Coubertin first proposed
this symbol at the 1914 Olympic
congress in Paris but was made in 1920
The First Olympic Winter Games
First Olympic Games
Modern Day Olympics
The first Olympic games in 1896 consisted of 14 participating nations. These Olympics, started off with only one event which was a sprint. It has now evolved to consist of 204 countries participating and 300 different events in the 2012 Olympic games.
When the olympics first started there were only men competing in the games. It was not until 1900 games in Paris that women were able to compete where 22 out of 997 athletes were women. In 1990 when women began their debut in the Olympic games, they participated in5 sporting events which were: tennis, sailing, croquet, equestrianism and golf. The 2012 games in London were the first games where women competed in all sport events.
The first Olympic Winter Games were held in Chamonix France in 1924.
American Charles Jewtraw was the first Winter Games champion. He won the first event, the 500m speed skating.
The First Paralympic Games
1948 was the year Sir Ludwig Guttmann organized a sports competition where World War 2 veterans with spinal cord-related injuries could participate. Few years later competitors from Holland joined and that became the commencement of the Paralympic movement. Olympic games for athletes with disabilities were organized in Rome of 1960.
Evolution of Olympics