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Copy of Copy of The Summer Solstice

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Marifie Rivera

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of The Summer Solstice

by Nick Joaquin The Summer Solstice Calo, Garing, Hortaleza,
Santana, Talusan, Tolentino Group 4 THE CHARACTERS The Moretas THE SETTING -Wife of Don Paeng Rafael and mother of three children.

-A faithful consort and loves her husband immensely.

-A conservative woman who was influenced by Guido. -Given the responsibility of taking care of the children. -Husband of Doña Lupeng and father of three children.

-A loyal spouse and is consistently concerned about his wife’s well being.

-A highly virtuous man. -A young cousin to the Moretas.

-A liberal and educated young man who studied in Europe.

-Contradicts what is dictated by society in their time. - Amada’s husband and the family driver.

- Stares at Doña Lupeng tenaciously. • St. John's feast day - Men are in power.

• Tadtarin – Pagan ritual for the fertility gods.

-Reminder of oppressed past coming back.

• According to Doña Lupeng, people who participated in Tadtarin must be backward since it is a Pagan ritual and Christianity (St. John) was of greater degree than Paganism at that time. -Played a small role of emphasizing the family aspect in the story. - Entoy’s wife and the family cook.

- Believed to be possessed by the spirit of the Tadtarin and left in a state of madness and ecstasy. •Paco, Philippines in the 1850’s - “arrabal” or pastoral countryside. [page 101]

•Conservative times: "Subject was not a proper one for the children, who were sitting opposite, facing their parents." [page 101]

•Initially Men > Women
-Also, it is acceptable for men to be wild and they were seen trashing around while it is not acceptable for the women. [page 101] • Time when men brought back not the Age of Victoria - age of restraints and romance. “They are so romantic.” but the Age of Byron - liberation. [page 103]

-"The young Guido knew nothing of Darwin and evolution; he knew everything about Napoleon and the Revolution” [page 103]

• During that time, the Filipino men thinks it is preposterous to look up to women.

-"A gentleman loves and respects woman. The cads and lunatics, they 'adore' the women.” [page 105]

•Nevertheless, Women are in power in the end. THE
THEMES THE PLOT -Doña Lupeng is a wealthy, authoritarian woman. Exposition -Doña Lupeng discovers that the cause of the shrieking she hears is her cook Amada, who has been inhabited by the spirit of the Tadtarin.

-Lupeng felt discomfort as she saw the uncommon yet powerful and captivating sight of Amada. Activating Incident Development/Rising Action • Third Person Omniscient POINT
VIEW - With her family and on her way to a family gathering in honor of the feast of St. John, Lupeng goes on about how Amada, the usually battered wife, now scares her brutal husband, Entoy.

- Lupeng was annoyed at the arrogance that the men of the procession of St. John were showing. The men in the procession were noisy and were carefree.

- She reasoned that men only felt that sense of pride because women had allowed it. She said that women could also destroy this arrogance. - Lupeng was ashamed at her thoughts because they were improper.

- Lupeng chats with her cousin Guido. She is horrified at Guido’s adoration of females and his belief that females are more dominant than males.

- Guido kisses Lupeng’s feet out of adoration. Lupeng is outraged. - Don Paeng is appalled at Guido’s adoration of women.

- Lupeng starts to rethink her beliefs:
“Is it so shameful for a man to adore women?”
“But maybe we do not want to be loved and respected-but to be adored.”

- Lupeng went to the Tadtarin even if Paeng opposed it. Climax - Paeng was insulted by The Cult of the Tadtarin’s festivities (“prancing”, “screaming”, “eyes wild”, “long hair streaming and covered with leaves and flowers”)

-Lupeng joins the celebration.

-Paeng tries to take Lupeng away, but is thrown out and beaten by the women of the procession. Falling
Action -Paeng tries to whip Lupeng for being “lewd”.

-Lupeng opposes Paeng, and demands him to say what he truly feels. -Paeng submits to Lupeng. He declares “I adore you, Lupe” and kisses Lupeng’s feet.

-Lupeng reveled in her dominance over Paeng. Change -Lupeng now demands to be adored. Paeng now sees Lupeng as dominant over him, and that Lupeng should be adored. • Change versus Custom
• Past versus Present
• Men versus Women
• Christianity versus Paganism
• Primitive versus Civilized
• Empowerment • Lupeng Whose Story Is It? Desire • Lupeng wants
to be adored. •It is not customary to adore women. Conflict Type Of Plot • Classical Donya Lupeng
Moreta Don Paeng Rafael
Moreta The Children Guido Children's
Nurse Amada Entoy
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