Transcript of The Rise of Adolf Hitler
Who was Adolf Hitler? The Rise of Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was an Austrian born dictator who led Nazi Germany and was an absolute believer in the Aryan race, one thought of as "pure" Germans. His ideals being as such led to an extreme anti-Semitism in Germany and the Genocide of 6 million Jews among millions of others deemed unfit to carry the title "Aryan". But there was much more to him than that... How did he change Germany from the mess it was after the Frist World War and the Treaty of Versailles, to the nation which nearly conquered Europe in the Second World War? To know this we'll want to look far back, to his childhood, and continue from there... Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, in Braunau, Austria as the fourth of six children of Alois Shickelgruber and Klara Hitler (two of which were from Alois's previous marriage). He and his sister, Paula Hitler, born Janurary 21st, 1896, were the only two children of that family who lived to maturity. Hitler's Father was a stern man, said to have beat young Hitler, not uncommon for the time. His mother, however, was very kind with him and he loved her dearly. She remained in his memories until death, her picture was with him in the bunker in the days nearing his death. In his younger years, his goal and dream was to become a famous artist, a dream which did not come true as his only paintings which made much money were bought after he died and were likely bought because of his political career. Hitler moved to Vienna, where the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts was, to explore his artistic potential. He was invited to take the enterance exams but did not pass and was reccomended to go into architecture. He refused the idea, likely in knowing that because he had not completed high school, there would be no point. A self portrait by Hitler It was not long until Hitler was homeless, taking charity and selling art to scrap together a living spending most of his time reading small anti-Sematic writings from local news stands. Hitler left Vienna for Munich around the start of the First World War. He volunteered to enter the German army and found his place as a corporal, decorated twice for bravery. When the army returned from the war, Germany was a mess. Thanks to the treaty of Versailles, Germany was very limited, a borken resemblance of it's pre-war glory. Hitler, among many other soldiers, took part in the idea that somehow the treaty of Versailles was a Jewish sabotage of Grermany. This thought, added with scapegoating of Jews as figureheads for Germany's troubles allowed the anti-Semitism to perpetuate. Somthing Adolf could bring to the NAZI pary when he joined, shortly after the end of the war. Hitler, upon being released from jail, decided to give the Nazi party a new direction. He began using his ability to speak and appeal to the public to eventually win the vote of Germany, later allowing himself dictatorship over it. He gained the title of Chancellor on January 30th 1933 and eventually outlined plans for world domination and Jew 'extermination'. The world domination plans eventually led to World War Two and the 'extermination' plans led to the Holocaust. Nearing the Allied victory, Hitler commited suicide in a bunker, and the Nazi empire was destroyed. Adolf joined the National Socialist German Workers party of the Nazis in 1920. This group's ideals were based on the idea of a unified Germany of all the German people and the removal of the Versailles Treaty. Hitler, in 1923, led a riot at a Munich beer hall and landed himself a broken and dislocated arm and a 5 year jail sentance which he put to good use, writing Mien Kampf. The German The empire of Nazi Germany was vast and powerful but in a few mistakes and with the help of luck, Germany fell to mediocrity once again. A poster made with the purpose of dehuman-izing Jews. An ad to promote anti-Semitism. This maps shows the three main places of Hitler's early life. Knowing his background, sparks the question: 'How did he create such a massive following?' Hitler had a massive gravity as a speaker and was a political genious. He had the skill to inspire and rule developed to the point of perfection. This skill seemed to have 3 main parts to it. The first and likely most important in getting it all started was his relation to them on a common level. He wanted a better Germany, and so did they, but he knew how to give it to them. If not for starting the second world war and his murder of millions of innocents he would be loved as a perfect politician. The second key to his success was his ability to put on a show. His mannerisms during speeches, his ability to speak, the rallys with flags everywhere, it overwhelmed one with an unbelievable sense of nationalism. That which for some, unfortunately turned to an ultranationalism that opposed the Jews existance. In that the Jews seemed to be the national scapegoat, most of the crimes against humanity commited against them, that weren't hidden, were looked past as acceptable. The following is an excerpt from one of many speeches Hitler made: "For us there are only two possiblities: either we remain German or we come under the thumb of the Jews. This latter must not occur; even if we are small, we are a force. A well-organized group can conquer a strong enemy. If you stick close together and keep bringing in new people, we will be victorious over the Jews." The third thing which allowed Hitler his hold on the German nation was a massive amount of propaganda. They twisted and used thier political enemies (other parties and non-supporters), international enemies (The allies), and fake enemies (The Jews) to gain power over the people through fear. Effectively, they made themselves and thier party look like the heros of all German people. As well, he and the Nazi party greatly encouraged anti-Semitism and readily practised it. This gave the German people a common enemy, along with communists, other non-Aryans, etc. Hitler was a genious politically, there is no doubting that. He knew how to control people and he knew how to better Germany. His education and economic plans were outstanding; unfortunately, he was either insane, or simply evil. He murdered millions, started the Second World War, and his power was drawn majorly from lies, fear, and manipulation. He rose to power as anyone does, by learning the people and taking advantage of them, with or without helping them, and then, again, as anyone does, he fell quickly from it. The following are two excerpts from 'Mien Kampf': The function of propaganda does not lie in the scientific training of the individual, but in calling the masses' attention to certain facts, processes, necessities, etc., whose significance is thus for the first time placed within their field of vision. Full transcript
The whole art consists in doing this so skillfully that everyone will be convinced that the fact is real, the process necessary, the necessity correct, etc. But since propaganda is not and cannot be the necessity in itself, since its function. . . consists in attracting the attention of the crowd, and not in educating those who are already educated or who are striving after education and knowledge, its effect for the most part must be aimed at the emotions and only to a very limited degree at the so-called intellect. . . .