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Italian Government

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Michaela Fallon

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of Italian Government

Michaela Fallon The Italian Government The Italian Government As It Is Know Today Began in 1946
This Was When the People Voted to Have a Government Run by a President, Rather than a King. Modern Italian Government The Chamber of Deputies Setting the Stage for Modern Political Parties in Italy Major Italian Political Parties Today Italian Political Issues Today Monarchy Democracy This Vote Created 2 Houses... the Chamber of Deputies & the Senate - Consists of 630 Members
- 618 from Constituencies within
Italy
- 12 from 4 Foreign Constituencies
- Based on Proportional
Representation


* Elected by citizens over 18 The Senate - Consists of 315 Members
- 309 Elected from 20 Regions
- 6 from 4 Foreign Districts
- Based on Proportional
Representation also
- Former Presidents are Life Members,
as well as Senators who are
appointed for Life (Limit of 5)


* Elected by citizens over 25 So What's the Difference? - Equal
Legislative
Power - 5 Year Terms The Chamber of Deputies The Senate Very Similar to Our 2 Houses - In many ways the Italian Chamber of Deputies and Senate
are similar to our House of Representatives and Senate

- Both have Equal Legislative Power

- Both need to approve a Bill before it can be made law

- One is Smaller than the other - Considered the Lower House - Considered the Upper House - Elected on a National Basis - Elected on a Regional Basis - Different Set of Rules
When Electing Members - Different Set of Rules
When Electing Members - A minimum of 10% for a coalition
- A minimum of 4% for any party not in a
coalition
- A minimum of 2% for any party in a
coalition - However, the first party under 2% is
also assigned seats These Percentages are on a National Basis - A minimum of 20% for a coalition
- A minimum of 8% for any party not in a
coalition
- A minimum of 3% for any party in a
coalition - No exceptions for parties under 3% These Percentages are on a Regional Basis Sound Complicated?
The Italians Think So Too Sound Complicated?
The Italians Think So Too the Palazzo Montecitorio the Palazzo Madama The President of the Republic The Leader of the Italian Government is the President of the Republic Giorgio Napolitano - Has a 7 year term
- Elected by a joint
session of Parliament
- Requires a 2/3 majority
- Has Power to Veto
Legislation
- Heads the Armed Forces
- Can dissolve Parliament
and call for elections The President of the
Council/Prime Minister Mario Monti - Exercises Day to Day Power
- Predecessor was
Silvio Berlusconi The Emblem of Italy - Nominated by the President of the
Republic - Current Prime Minister has
never been elected
- Was only a senator for a
few days before nominated
for President of the Council - A Former economist, he is
leading a technocratic
government to try and solve
Italy's debt crisis Fist Fight! - Over the past couple of months tensions
have been high in the Italian Government Quinn Hosler Italian Political Parties Began time known as the "Second Republic" 1993 Political Crisis Huge bribery scandal started to be uncovered in Milan. Involved political leaders including many important members of the existing political parties Most major political parties dissolved amidst the scandal Chosen by voter referenda New Electoral System (1993) Elect three quarters of senators and deputies from single member constituencies (change from proportional to majoritarian voting) Changed the political landscape to a more bipolar system (liberal and conservative parties generally alternate being in power) Established in response to political crisis and Italy's generally broken political system Post 1993 Political Scene Italian media mogul who emerged as a political leader after 1993. Silvio Berlusconi Has served as Prime Minister three
times Important in forming right wing coalitions Democratic Party Center-Left Party People of Freedom Founded in 2007 Formed from coalition of Daisy Party and Democrats of the Left Environmentalism and expanding the European Union Party leader is Rosy Bindi Center-Right Party Founded in 2007 Unified Forza Italia and National Alliance parties Tougher immigration laws, reducing taxes Party leader and founder is Silvio Berlusconi A lot of shifting coalitions and renaming of parties, but has remained essentially a two party system since 1993 Italian Politics Before 1993 Italy established "First Republic" after World War II Political parties incredibly powerful. Known as "partitocrazia" because parties more powerful than legislative bodies or government leaders Christian Democratic Party and Italian Communist Party were the largest , but many different parties had power. Under new electoral system parties have less power and some have a regional basis More power with leaders in government Currently head of the People of Freedom Party New or renamed parties have included Forza Italia, The Northern League, and The National Alliance on the right and The Democrats of the Left and The Daisy Party on the left. Won 38.2% of seats in last election Won 33.7% of seats in last election Berlusconi Scandals Recently Berlusconi was convicted of tax fraud for the fourth time and is being accused of having sex with an underage girl Public approval of his party (People of Freedom) is very low. Resigned from being Prime Minister last year The Economy Italy's economy has been shrinking One of the four extremely problematic economies in the EU Largest political concern Current government (that came to power after the resignation of Berlusconi) has been passing a lot of legislation trying to boost the economy Public Opinion Many Italians fed up with governmental corruption Announced that he won't run for Prime Minister again Current government (Monti's government) more respected than Berlusconi's government Unhappy with large unemployment rate Conclusion Italian politics is very complicated and often wrought with scandal and corruption Pre-1993 political parties in Italy were incredibly powerful and important Since the restructuring of the electoral system in 1993 the parties have been more bipolar and not as important as they were before, but the government still suffers from corruption and some instability Individual leaders (especially Berlusconi) have been very important in shaping Italian politics in the past 20 years Works Cited
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[2]DUVERGER, M. (1980), A NEW POLITICAL SYSTEM MODEL: SEMI-PRESIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT. European Journal of Political Research, 8: 165187. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.1980.tb00569.x

[3]Library.thinkquest.org. (2001). Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112187/italy_government.htm

[4]Government of Italy. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://geography.howstuffworks.com/europe/geography-of-italy4.htm

[5]Deputies Fight in Parliament. 2011. Huffington PostWeb. 29 Oct 2012. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/27/italian-deputies-fight_n_1034869.html>.

[6]Dinmore, Guy. How the Voting System Works. Financial Times. Web. 29 Oct 2012. <http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/4db158f6-fa60-11dc-aa46-000077b07658.html Essentially... As you can see the Italian Government is similar to ours in many ways.
One thing that makes it unique though is its combination of proportional representation, along with coalitions to try and form a more stable government with more diversity
It is one of the only governments that takes this approach The Structure of the
Italian Government Even though Italy is essentially functioning under a two party system the two parties are not as clear cut as the two major American political parties
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