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Transcript of Ancient Greece
- expression (mournful, smiling, leering), acoustics, character differentiation.
- group of actors who
together-- acted as one character and spoke in unison. Sets the
point of view
, sides with various
, and warns of
Incorporated unities of
, which meant that there was no scene changes, and no complicated
; the plays took place in
day and in one place and focused on one event.
; messengers told the audience what happened.
Audience knew the
ahead of time. The
of the character is what they came to see.
: "dancing space"
Area where chorus could dance and sing and interact with actors on stage near the
: "viewing space"
Part of the hill side, wrapped around the orchestra
Directly behind the
Usually decorated like a
, temple, or other building
Had at least
set of doors
Access to roof
Pathway used by
and actors to make entrances and exits.
Antigone and Her Family Background
play, but it is part of a cycle of three plays, including
Oedipus at Colonus
, written by Sophocles about the generations of the Cadmus family.
Plays deal with the
placed upon the family for a crime committed against the
Curse begins with a
of Thebes that their son,
, will kill
and marry his
Ancient Greece (500-323 B.C.) and greek theater
- Contemporary figures and problems
Performed only once in
- means "goat song" (perhaps referring to
sacrificed for the festivals.
Main character suffers downfall.
Main character is usually
: part of their character that leads to their downfall.
- mythological subject handled in comedic manner.
- live for
One of three great Greek
playwrights (Aeschylus and Euripides were the other two); wrote during the "Golden Age" of
plays, but only
Began with festivals that honored their
in particular- "City Dionysia" in Athens.
Three types of plays performed.
Entered his plays in
- won his first at age
(defeated Aeschylus in that competition).
all other times.
actor to the cast of his plays- before, all
were played with only
characters other than the
To avoid fulfillment of the prophecy, the baby Oedipus was left in the
to die of exposure, but was found and raised by the king and queen of
, not knowing his birth parents.
Later, Oedipus unknowingly kills
and wins the hand of
, the widowed queen, thus fulfilling the prophecy. They have four children:
Ismene, Eteocles, and Polyneices.
When Jocasta discovers the truth, she
. When Oedipus discovers the truth, he
blinds and exiles himself
. He leaves his brother-in-law,
, to look after his children.
Before he dies, Oedipus leaves orders that
his two sons
share the kingship; however,
, the first to reign, refuses to step down.
, his brother, attacks the city and his brother. They kill each other in battle.
becomes the king and orders
buried with religious rights and honors. He orders that
be left unburied and uncovered for birds and animals to feed on his body. According to
could thus never rest.
buries her brother against the orders of her uncle, thus begins the play's action.