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j metayer

on 14 March 2013

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Environmental Problems and Health hazards Group 7 Nairobi, Kenya Geography Nairobi's slums started during the colonial era as a result of government-sanctioned segregation into sections for Africans,Indians and Europeans
Post-colonial (after 1963) saw a rapid change in urbanization and a large influx of rural dwellers in the city in search for work. Du to a lack of care in planning and the absence for housing for the poor, most of those people end up in slums
Although segregation had been almost irrelevant after colonial dependence, city officials and planners did not stop the building of shacks in the city
Today, over half of Nairobi's inhabitants live slums
These dwelling places are often congested, witness criminal activities, house people of low income, and lack the necessary sanitation system and infrastructure for the wellbeing of its occupants
Kiberia, Nairobi's largest slum houses 800,000 people
Lack of police patrol and corruption in police officials make those slums perfect playground for criminals Slums From this From this Nairobi, from its root " Ewaso Nai´beri", meaning "place of cool waters", is the capital of Kenya. It was founded in 1899 as encampment and storage place for the British builders working on a rail line from Mombasa to Uganda.
It was chosen because its swamps decreased the likeliness of savage beasts and its cool temperature. Unable to pronounce the tribal name, the European settlers renamed it Nairobi.
After independence (1963) this city grew explosively into an international commerce center in Africa, featuring skyscrapers, high class shopping centers, attractive tourist venues, and manufacturing processes such as textile, communications, and transportation materials Background Info To more of that to that Daniel Lawrence
Lindsey Lee
Taylor Lucas
Travis Mamone
Daniel May
Astrid Menendez
Junior Metayer From this To that What if Solution What if The colonists had never used segregation to separate the land?
Had they distributed the resources of this country evenly, slums might not have been created in the first place
What if urban planners were chosen to develop a plan for urbanization and land policy for Nairobi?
Due to the lack of care towards expansion and city planning, the city experienced growth as builders wished to plant their structures Sources http://www.oikoumene.org/en/activities/ewn-home/resources-and-links/ewn-picture-gallery/water-and-sanitation-at-the-kibera-slum-nairobi-kenya.html
Infrastructure What if alternatives What if the city improves the public transportation system already in place?
This would ease congestion in city routes, especially near its financial district
It would also help significantly reduce pollution and provide jobs if employers were given an incentive to encourage their employees to ride the bus
What if officials adopt building codes?
This would allow for a more careful planing of the remaining space
Shantytowns could be destroyed and replaced with modern public housing for the poor
What if alternatives What if Kenyan authorities install pipes giving clean water to all?
The current situation benefits only the rich and causes water shortage. By installing new pipes throughout the city, the city would boost water quality, increase utility revenue, and provide jobs in maintaining this system
What if healthcare costs are subsidized by the government?
All would have access to health care. Plus,an increased demand for health services would cause spark a reform in the educational standards encouraging more kids to persue the natural sciences, math and engineering
What if rainwater is collected and less land space used?
Farmers can grow more space efficient plant and use less space
Farmers can use simply enough pesticides to avoid insects, but not dangerous for human contact
By collecting and filtering rainwater, farmers can help avoid erosion and provide a reliable source of water for the city
High consumption of water(rich 10% of the population use 30% of water while the rest uses 35%) causes water shortage, especially for the poor
Overpopulation leads to an increased space which causing deforestation
An increased demand for food leads to a vast usage of pesticides which lead to overfishing and pollution of water sources
Due to privatization, only the higher and middle income people have access to healthcare
Due to lack of clean water, especially in slums, illnesses such as diarrhea,malaria and tuberculosis rave a great percentage of the population
Prostitution,denial, and the lack of usage of protection ause a steady rate of HIV cases, which result into more orphans, widows and street children
Lack of access to food and health care cause a higher rate of mortality rate and low expectancy age Rusty drainage and sewage pipes that run parallel to water pipes
Water storage tanks unregulated and uncleaned
Influx of people looking for jobs and a high infancy rate causes over population
Absence of a recycling program
Lack of traffic control leading to traffic congestion and the increased risk for accident
Slums' pit latrines are overused and inadequately maintained
Poor waste management from shanty towns and other surrounding areas result in contamination of water streams used for consumption and irrigation Geography
Population: 3 million(as of 2007)
Size: 425 square miles Conclusion In conclusion, Nairobi is an beautiful place with many of the same features one would expect any major US or European city to possess. Unfortunately, a few urban problems cause its development to halt and its picture to tarnish.
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