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catalina miranda

on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of Islam

Muslims believe that Islam is a faith that has always existed and that it was gradually revealed to humanity by a number of prophets
final and complete revelation of the faith
Prophet Muhammad
(in the 7th century)
The five pillars of Islam
"There is no God except Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet."
This is the basic statement of the Islamic faith: anyone who cannot recite this is not a Muslim.
Salat are the obligatory Muslim prayers, performed five times each day by Muslims.

All Muslims try to do this. Muslim children as young as seven are encouraged to pray.
Zakat is the compulsory giving of a set proportion of one's wealth to charity. It is regarded as a type of worship and of self-purification.
Zakat does not refer to charitable gifts given out of kindness or generosity, but to the systematic giving of 2.5% of one's wealth each year to benefit the poor.
Why are they important?
Because carrying out these obligations provides the framework of a Muslim's life.
Carrying out the Five Pillars demonstrates that the Muslim is putting their faith first, and not just trying to fit it in around their lives.
Kathlen Dunsmore Catalina Miranda
Valentina Fuentes Francisca Muñoz
12th grade A
Muhammad was born in Mecca in Saudi Arabia in 570.
He was a deeply spiritual man, and often spent time in meditation on Mount Hira.
Muhammad's popularity was seen as threatening by coraichitas so Muhammad took his followers on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622
This journey is called the Hijrah (migration) and is one of the most important Islam events
Within ten years Muhammad had gained so many followers that he was able to return and conquer Mecca
Muhammad continued to lead his community both spiritually and in earthly matters until his death in 632.
The defeat of byzantine empire and Persian empire marked the beginning of the expansion of this religion
Nowadays, islamics are principal located in the north of Africa, near East, western Asia and in a lots of communities in the Philippines, Indonesia and Malasia.
The word Islam means 'submission to the will of God'.
Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers.
Followers of Islam are called Muslims.
Basic articles of faith
Belief in Allah as the one and only God
Belief in angels
Belief in the holy books
Belief in the Prophets
Belief in the Day of Judgement
Belief in Predestination
the name Muslims use for the supreme and unique God, who created and rules everything.
Allah is eternal, omniscient, and omnipotent
The mosque
Allah has no shape or form...
Is a place of worship for followers of Islam.
Allah rewards and punishes fairly but he is also merciful.
A believer can approach Allah by praying, and by reciting the Qur'an.
These constructions have their origins in the Arabian region, but now can be found in the five continents.
Woman in Islam
The Quba Mosque
The mosque serves as a place where Muslims can come together for Salah (prayer) as well as a center for information, education, and dispute settlement.
Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
Mosques come in all shapes and sizes, they differ from region to region but all have features in common.
A niche in the wall that indicates the qibla (the direction of Mecca).
Adult Muslims must give up the following things during the hours of daylight:

* Food or drink of any sort
* Smoking, including passive smoking
* Sexual activity
Muslims gather together in Mecca and stand before the Kaaba praising Allah together.
The Hajj makes Muslims feel real importance of life here on earth, and the afterlife, by stripping away all markers of social status, wealth, and pride. In the Hajj all are truly equal.
A raised platform from which an Imam (leader of prayer) addresses the congregation.
A tall, slender tower that usually is situated at one of the corners of the mosque structure. The top of the minaret is always the highest point in mosques that have one.
The prayer hall
Rarely has furniture, to allow as many worshipers as possible to line the room.
Some rules of the mosques:
-Shoes are not allowed in the prayer hall.
- Muslims before prayer are required to clean themselves in a process known as wudu.
- wear clothes that portray modesty.
- Loud talking within the mosque, as well as discussion of topics considered disrespectful, is forbidden in areas where people are praying.
There are mosques in which:
-Non-Muslims are not allowed into mosques under any circumstances.
-Non-Muslims are allowed into mosques, as long as they do not sleep or eat there.
Is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, when Muslims all over the world abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs during the daylight hours.
As a time to purify the soul, refocus attention on God, and practice self-sacrifice.
Fasting is obligatory for adult Muslims, except those who are ill, traveling, pregnant or diabetic.
Ramadan typically includes the increased offering of salat (prayers) and recitation of the Qur'an.
The Qur'an
The Koran is the primary source of every Muslim's faith and practice.
It deals with all the subjects that concern all human beings: wisdom, beliefs, worship, and law.
It also provides orientation for a just society, proper human relationships and equal divisions of power.
The Qur'an is a record of the exact words revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Muhammad.
Not one word of its 114 chapters has been changed over the centuries.
Muhammad memorized the words and then taught his Companions. Then scribes, who checked with Muhammad during his lifetime, wrote down the words.
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