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Self Awareness and Empathy
Transcript of Self Awareness and Empathy
Empathy is the experience of understanding another person's condition from their perspective. You place yourself in their shoes and feel what they are feeling. Empathy is known to increase prosocial (helping) behaviors. While American culture might be socializing people into becoming more individualistic rather than empathic, research has uncovered the existence of "mirror neurons," which react to emotions expressed by others and then reproduce them.
Teaching this value of empathy begins on Day 1. My scholars and I would have a round-table discussion about treating others as we’d desire to be treated. The term “empathy” would be explained while asking for scholar-provided examples. Our lens would be reinforced throughout the year if, and when, any issues arose. I’ve participated in Character Counts in the past and find some beneficial things to pull from it. I’d like to take one “Pillar” at a time and view it through our lens of self-knowledge/Empathy.
Pictures and Movies
Origins of Self Awareness
Martin Luther King Jr.-Civil Rights activist that
promoted tolerance and nonviolence.
Rochat proposes a model of self-awareness that is informed by early development, taking root in a child during its first five years of life, and progressing through developmentally-sequenced stages which transition dynamically from implicit to explicit; from no awareness (“ self-obliviousness”), through confusion, differentiation, situation, identification, permanence and ”meta” self-awareness, as demonstrated through their reactions to themselves when looking in a mirror, considered a reproducible, and thus reliable behavioural index of the development of self-awareness, which really begins when children start behaving with others in mind.
Mona Liesa Wessel
Mahatma Ghandi-probably best known of all empathetic
figures; chose a life of poverty to promote peace and
Harriet Beecher Stowe-wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin which set
off a change in perspective that led to the end of slavery in
Matthew McConaughey-started the Just Keep
Livin' Foundation to support education
Bill Gates-founded the Gates Foundation which
supports numerous philanthropic endeavors
including aid to African AIDS
Pay It Forward
Fried Green Tomatoes
Flowers for Algernon
One specific English application that could be incorporated with this character study would be a novel study of Pay It Forward by Catherine Ryan Hyde. Specific topics could be covered as the chapters are read as a group and individually. Students could practice grammar and mechanics by completing self-evaluation papers or analyzing characters in the story and what values they display or are lacking. If time allows, showing the movie based on the book would increase the impact of the concept of empathy and doing for others.
Antunes, A. (Jan. 11, 2012). The 30 most generous celebrities. [Web.]. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/andersonantunes/2012/01/11/the-30-most-generous-celebrities/.
Ascione, F. & Weber, C. (1996). Children’s attitudes about the humane treatment of animals and empathy: One-year follow up aof a school-based intervention. [Web]. Anthrozoos, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 188-195. Retrieved from http://www.petpartners.org/document.doc?id=29
Ballard G. & Garrett S. (1988). Man in the mirror (Instrumental). [mp3]. Retrieved from www.bearshare.com
*Berkowitz, M.W., & Grych, J.H. (1998). Fostering goodness: Teaching parents to facilitate children's moral development. [Web]. Journal of Moral Education, Volume 27, No. 3, pp. 371-391, retrieved in part from http://parenthood.library.wisc.edu/Berkowitz/Berkowitz.html
CNN. (Sept. 11, 2012). UN ambassador Angelina Jolie visits Syrian refugees in Jordan. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/11/world/meast/syria-civil-war
Getty , I. (Photographer). (2011, August 2). Angelina Jolie helps measure and monitor children at a refugee camp inside Chad, Africa. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://act.mtv.com/posts/leonardo-dicaprio-angelina-jolie-top-forbes-top-earning-actoractress-lists/
Getty, I. (Photographer). (2010, June 24). MUST-HAVE JACKET [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.people.com/people/package/gallery/0,,20287787_20287804_20638972,00.html
"The measure of a country's greatness should be based on how well it cares for its most vulnerable populations."
*Guoliang Y., Yongmei W., & Congui L. (2012). Improving Public Service Quality from a Developmental Perspective:Empathy, Attachment, and Gender Differences. [Peer-reviewed article]. Public Personnel Management.Special, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p9-20. 12p. 2 Charts. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.cu-portland.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=1dd753e1-09d6-44e9-97df-91ef9395e71c%40sessionmgr4&vid=14&hid=9
Harper,D. (2013). Online Etymology Dictionary. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=empathy.
Hotz, R. (Sept. 25,2009). Tracing the Origins of Human Empathy. [Web]. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125382470366238705.html.
Ianotti, R. (March 1979). The elements of empathy. [Symposium paper]. Retrieved from http:// www.eric.ed.govERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED171399&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED171399
Krznaric, R. (Mar. 27, 2010). The empathy top five: Who are the greatest empathists of all time? [Blog]. Outrospection. Retrieved from http://www.romankrznaric.com/outrospection/ 2010/03/27/407
McKinsey, K. (n.d.). Angelina Jolie. [Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c56.html
Mother Teresa. (2013). The Biography Channel website. [Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/mother-teresa-9504160.
Photo with pig and little girl and quote: (n.d.) [Photo]. http://www.prabhupadanugas.eu/?p=27004
Raman, L. (2013). Little things that matter. [Blog]. Retrieved from http://lalitaraman.com/2012/04/22/7-elements-of-empathy/.
*Rochat, P. (2003). Five levels of self-awareness as they unfold early in life in Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, Vol 12(4), pp. 717-731. (Retrieved fromhttp://psychology.emory.edu/cognition/rochat/Five%20levels%20.pdf
Rutsch. E. (2013). Culture of Empathy. [Web]. Center for Building a Culture of Empathy. Retrieved from http://cultureofempathy.com/.
Shanan, B. (Photographer). (2013, March 26). Patch Adams speaks Tuesday in the Heritage Ballroom at the Lancaster County Convention Center. Retrieved from http://lancasteronline.com/article/local/830691_Patch-Adams-brings-his-vision-for-future-of-health-care-to-Lancaster.html
Shopenhauer photo/quote. (n.d.) [Photo]. http://www.oshonews.com/2012/10/schopenhauer-on-truth/
*Stueber, K. (Summer 2013).Empathy. [Web]. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Edward N. Zalta (ed.), http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2013/entries/empathy/.
Today , P. (n.d.). empathy all about empathy. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/empathy
In other words, “A permanent self is expressed: an entity that is represented as invariant over time and appearance changes … the self is now recognized not only from a first person perspective, but also from a third person’s. Individuals are not only aware of what they are but how they are in the mind of others … how one is perceived and valued by others.” (Rochat, 2003, p. 722).
“Self-awareness develops like onions, layers after layers, in a cumulative consolidation. Accordingly, self-awareness is the experience of ourselves fluctuating through these layers as we act, perceive, and think in the world”.
P. Rochat, Consciousness and Cognition