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Designer Babies

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Kali Lelonek

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Designer Babies

Designer Babies
Genetic Engineering
Bioethics
Eugenics
Eugenics is the applied science of the bio-social movement which advocates practices to improve the genetic composition of a population, usually a human population.
The ethics of medical and biological research.
In our prezi we will talk about designer babies and how they are engineered, why they are being engineered, and whether or not they are ethical.
Eugenics is the study of methods of improving the quality of the human race, especially by selective breeding.
Early eugenics believed that through selective breeding, the human species could direct its own evolution.
A shared, reflective examination of ethical issues in healthcare, health science, and health policy.
Bioethics takes place in the media, in classrooms, labs, offices, and hospital wards.
What is Genetic Engineering?
Genetic engineering is a process where
recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology is
used to introduce desirable traits into organisms.
3 other methods that Genetic engineers use
Plasmid Method
Vector Method
Biolistic Method
The main method used is the Plasmid Method
The Plasmid Method
The Plasmid Method of Genetic Engineering is generally used for altering microorganisms such
as bacteria.
In this method, a small ring of DNA called plasmid (found in bacteria) is placed in a container with special restriction enzymes.
Those enzymes cut the DNA at a recognizable sequence.
The same enzyme is used to treat the DNA sequence to be placed into the bacteria.
This process creates "sticky ends" that will fuse together if they are given the chance.
Bioethics is whether or not something is right to do. Like designer babies, is it ethically right to do?
How
they are engineered

Why they are being engineered
Is it ethical?
Pros vs Cons of designer babies
Pros-
Remove genetic defects
Enhance certain traits
Prolong life
Cons-
Loss of genetic diversity
Diseases
Unethical?
http://www.livescience.com/27206-genetic-engineering-babies-debate.html
http://www.curiosity.discovery.com/question/how-does-engineering-work.html
http://www.geneticengineeringinhumans.com/arr/genetic-engineering.php
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007279.htm
http://library.thinkquest.org/c004367/be9.shtml
http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotechnology/agar.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugenics
A designer baby is a baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by genetic engineering to ensure the presence or absence of particular genes or characteristics.
IVF Steps
IVF is a form of assisted reproductive technology, meaning special medical techniques are used to help a women become pregnant.



There are 5 steps in this process
Stimulation- Super Ovulation
Boost egg production

Egg Retrieval
Removal of eggs through follicular aspiration

Insemination & Fertilization
Mixing of sperm and egg

Embryo Culture
Egg fertilizes and becomes embryo

Embryo Transfer
Embryos placed in woman's womb
Another designer baby process
http://www.bionetonline.org/english/content/babygame.htm
http://www.arhp.org/publications-and-resources/patient-resources/printed-materials/cloning
Two types of Genetic Engineering
Somatic genetic engineering is genetic engineering that targets the genes in specific organs and tissues of the body of a single existing person without affecting genes in their eggs or sperm
Germline genetic engineering is genetic engineering that targets the genes in eggs, sperm, or very early embryos.
Another technique used...
Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis And Selection (PDS)
Full transcript