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Giant Panda Presentation

Geogasphy project
by

Amber Crooks

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Giant Panda Presentation

The Giant Panda Giant Pandas are listed as an endangered species - meaning they are facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild.
This is one step below Critically Endangered, which is where a species is at an extremely high risk of extinction. Why are Giant Pandas endangered? Giant Pandas are endangered for many reasons: Why should we protect the Giant Pandas? Pandas play a crucial role in the bamboo forests where they spread bamboo seeds around the forest, replanting more. By protecting the Panda habitat, we would also be protecting many different endangered species that live in the same area - for example, the dwarf blue sheep, multi-colored pheasants,the golden monkey, takin and crested ibis.

The panda’s habitat in the middle of China, home to millions of people. By making this area more sustainable, we would also help to increase the quality of life of local populations. Pandas bring huge economic benefits to local communities through ecotourism. What are we doing to help? Organisations and charities are doing lots to help save the giant pandas. WWF are trying to:

•increase the area of panda habitat under legal protection
•create green corridors to link isolated pandas
•patrol against poaching, illegal logging, and encroachment
•build local capacities for nature reserve management
•continue research and monitoring of the pandas. Giant Pandas Factfile Food Supply
Poaching
Habitat Loss/habitat fragmentation
Low birth rate Poaching Hunting remains a threat to the Giant Pandas. They get hunted for their fur. However, poaching has declined, due to strict laws on the matter and more awareness of their endangered status. Pandas still get hunted though, sometimes when the hunter is aiming for another animal in Panda territory. It must stop. Population: 1,600 in the wild (2004) Height: adults can be up to more than four feet long.

Weight: 220-330 pounds Food Supply Food supply is a problem for Pandas. Although they are technically carnivores, they act like herbivores, and only eat bamboo. Because of the limited diet, Pandas have to eat very large amounts of bamboo - research has shown that Giant Pandas can eat as much as 19 kilograms of fresh bamboo per day. They have to find this amount every single day, and eventually there will not be enough bamboo left. Bibliography http://www.wwfchina.org/english/pandacentral/htm/learn_about_giant_panda/panda_q_a/diet.htm Habitat loss Habitat: Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed forests in Southwest China The area the Giant Pandas live in is becoming smaller and more fragmented. This is because of human activities such as logging, expansion of farming into forest areas, mining, and road-building.

Bamboo only grows at an altitude of between 500 and 3,100m. Much of the lower land has been claimed for agriculture so most of the habitat is now confined to above 1,400m, but this area too is now under pressure from human activities. If this goes too, where will the Pandas go to? Birth Rate Giant Pandas are very hard to breed whilst in captivity. Female Pandas can only become pregnant on 2-4 days of the year, and this alone makes the chances of a successful birth low. Giant Pandas in the wild normally only reproduce once every two years, and have one or two cubs at a time. If two are born, it is unlikely that both will survive. Females can only give birth for about 15 years of their lives. http://worldwildlife.org/species/giant-panda http://www.edu.pe.ca/southernkings/panda.htm Zoos Across the globe, zoos are trying to breed Giant Pandas in captivity to raise numbers. Attempts to breed pandas in captivity in China began in 1955, but it was not until eight years later, on 9 September 1963, that Ming Ming the first ever captive-bred giant panda, was born in Beijing zoo. Ming Ming Lifespan: up to 30 years in captvity http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-giant_panda.html Conclusion http://visual.ly/giant-panda-population A lot is being done within China, and also internationally to ensure the Panda's survival. I think the most important factor is encouraging the local population to protect the Pandas. But in order to do this, the locals need to see the economic benefits for them - a bigger benefit than what poaching and logging brings them. For example, by receiving a fair share of tourist income and jobs, they will be no need to kill the Pandas and their habitats.
Habitat loss Habitat loss is also a problem for Panda numbers because it is making harder and harder for the Giant Pandas to find each other to breed. The fragmentation of the land is making it dangerous, and many do not make the journey in time.

Many Panda experts think habitat loss and fragmentation is the biggest threat facing the giant Pandas. If we want to keep them from becoming extinct, it MUST stop. This graph shows that Panda numbers have doubled in the last 35 years.

Although Giant Panda numbers are still threateningly low, the improvement suggests that we are taking the right steps, and if it continues, they will hopefully rise further.
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