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Canadian Social Policy Portfolio
Transcript of Canadian Social Policy Portfolio
Social Work 4436E
Professor: Gayle Adams-Scarpino
Due Date: Mon Dec 3, 2012 Table of Contents 1. Historical Influence
2. Levels of Government
3. Labour & Unemployment
4. The impoverished
5. Aboriginal Canadians (Women and Children) PORTFOLIO 6. Minorities & Immigration
8. Health Care
10. Child & Family Industrial Revolution Alms houses
for the homeless or
working poor Elizabethan Poor Laws Britain's political influence
Views on 'state' vs. 'church'
or family responsibility Power differences
between the wealthy and the poor Charity of churches Corporate influence on politics and policy Federal government Provincial governments Country Provinces Municipalities Municipal governments Country & provincial spending, taxes, federal laws, rights of citizens, international relations Distributing $$ to municipalities
Governing provincial laws and
organizations, health care Property taxes, roadways, city infrastructure & design Hunger in Canada
UN envoy blasts poverty in Canada Some three million Canadians live in poverty or close to it, including more than 600,000 children, the UN report notes. Some 30 years after being introduced as an emergency measure, food banks have become a shameful fact of life in this country. Last year 900,000 people relied on them. Meanwhile, child poverty has been growing here, according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, even as it has fallen in the United States, Britain and other countries. The rich/poor gap is increasing, too."...
"Moreover, De Schutter argues persuasively that Ottawa can hardly claim that its hands are tied by debt and deficits. Compared to most industrial countries our books are in good shape. The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives estimates that government has deliberately forgone $48 billion in revenue over the past decade by cutting personal, sales and corporate taxes. “Consequently, Canada has the fiscal space to address the basic human needs of its most marginalized and disempowered,” he points out. Letting the poor fall further behind is a heartless and economically unwise policy choice, not a fiscal necessity.Sometimes the truth hurts. But not as much as poverty does. The Tories have a choice. They can rage at the UN and its message, or set the nation on a better course." 2012 The Toronto Star, May 19, 2012 Young single mothers and their children
are the poorest of Canada's poor. Policies on affordable housing - beginning to improve well-being. poorest Canadians:
young, uneducated & racialized
approx. 50% are Aboriginal Globalization Rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer Welfare rates don't take real
costs of food, shelter & warmth
into account Higher unemployment rates
in Canada Conservative orientation to
policy & economy Cost cutting privatization trends
become the focus of the labour movement Atawapiskat -
housing & poverty crisis Indian Act 1876 British North America Act 1867 Indian Advancement Act 1884 gave Canada the right to remove native
children and place them in missionary schools Canadian Human Rights Act - Repeal of Section 67
Canada's New Government has introduced legislation to repeal section 67 of the Canadian Human Rights Act which prevents persons, often Aboriginal women and persons living or working on reserves, from making complaints of discrimination arising from actions taken or decisions made pursuant to the Indian Act.
This Government is committed to ensuring the fundamental rights of all Aboriginal people, by providing them with the same access to human rights protections as all Canadians. This Government is also committed to making progress on Aboriginal issues, and improving opportunities that will deliver real results. www.aandc-aadnc.gc.ca, 2010 Bill C-3 amends provisions of the Indian Act that the Court of Appeal for British Columbia found to be unconstitutional in the case of McIvor v. Canada. The bringing into force of Bill C-3 will ensure that eligible grand-children of women who lost status as a result of marrying non-Indian men will become entitled to registration (Indian status). As a result of this legislation approximately 45,000 persons will become newly entitled to registration. - decision making autonomy self-government need more of this thinking invisible disabilities - 1/5 Canadians will experience mental health issues "Deserving" Poor "Undeserving" Poor public vs. private
debates This should be the focus Bill - 115 "Any society, any nation, is judged on the basis of how it treats its weakest members ; the last, the least, the littlest." Cardinal Roger Mahony, 1998 universal child care Canadian Incidence Study, 2008 approx. 40% are
Aboriginal children due to poverty rates domestic violence UN officials say they’re "concerned vulnerable Canadian children may be falling through the cracks of a fractious federal system that lacks accountability and a clear strategy”. According to the news article, the recent UN hearings in Geneva to examine Canada’s adherence to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Ottawa was repeatedly taken to task for incoherence about how federal and provincial programs actually help Canadian children. The UN’s committee on the rights of the child stated that “Canada needs to “raise the bar” in how it protects the rights of children, especially when it comes to aboriginal, disabled and immigrant kids." Toronto Star Invest