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U.S. Presidential Election Process

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JO OJ

on 26 June 2015

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Transcript of U.S. Presidential Election Process

Works Cited

Bonsor, Kevin, and Laurie L. Dove.
"How the Electoral College Works." Howstuffworks.
InfoSpace LLC. Web. 25 June 2015.
<http://www.howstuffworks.com/electoral-college.htm>.
step 1
step 5
at the CONVENTION of each party

the elected delegates vote for the party's presidential candidate

depending on a state's laws, the state's ELECTORAL COLLEGE candidates (which, as mentioned previously, are chosen by political parties) may be chosen here
step 8
first Tuesday after the first Monday in NOVEMBER (ELECTION DAY)

the GENERAL election (candidates of different parties are against each other on the same ballot) is held

Americans vote for the presidential and vice presidential candidates (POPULAR VOTE)

the votes for a certain presidential candidate translate to votes for ELECTORAL COLLEGE candidates who pledged to vote for them

Maine and Nebraska: two electors - statewide popular vote;
remainder - POPULAR VOTE of each of the congressional districts

the other forty-eight states: all electors - the POPULAR VOTE winner (by simple majority)
step 4
based on the pledged delegates, the candidate for each party may be predicted

presidential nominees (usually those with favorable predictions) choose a
vice-presidential partner

Background Information

the number of electoral votes for a state is its total number of congressmen (at least three)

the District of Columbia also gets three electoral votes
PRIMARY elections (election by ballot) and caucus elections (elections by in-person gatherings), which are special elections, are held by each party

delegates to the party's CONVENTION are elected (they may be pledged to vote for a certain nominee, or not)

depending on a state's laws, the state's ELECTORAL COLLEGE candidates (which are chosen by political parties) may be chosen at these elections, too
step 3
about a year before ELECTION DAY

hopefuls for the presidency go public about their intent to run
step 6
at the CONVENTION of each party

the elected delegates publicly announce/confirm the party's candidates for president and vice-president
step 2
presidential nominees campaign around the country to try to win voters' favor

ex. speeches, fundraisers
step 7
presidential candidate teams campaign around the country to try to win voters' favor

ex. speeches, advertisements, debates with other candidates
step 9
first Monday after the second Wednesday in DECEMBER

each state's electors meet in the state capital to vote for president and vice president

supposedly, the electors vote for who they had pledged to vote for, but not all vote that way
step 10
the electoral votes are:

- sealed by a state official

- sent to the president of the Senate
step 11
JANUARY 6 (the succeeding year)

all electoral votes are read in a joint session of both congressional houses

the majority winner (at least 270 of the 538 votes) is the winner of the election, to be sworn in on JANUARY 20
step 12 (if applicable)
if there is no majority winner, then by simple majority:

the House of Representatives elects the President from the top three candidates (each state gets one vote)

the Senate elects the Vice President from the top two candidates
U.S. Presidential Election Process
Full transcript