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Chaparral Biome

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Maddie Broucek

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of Chaparral Biome

Chaparral Biome
Annual: very hot and dry; mild winters with temperatures of 10 degrees Celsius. Summers can be up to 40 degrees Celsius
Fires & droughts are common
Often confused with deserts, but chaparral has more rainfall
Nutrient-poor due to development and deforestation by humans
Deforestation causes erosion of the soil, leading to loss of nutrients.
Plants adapted to the environment have small, hard leaves to hold moisture better.
Fire-resistant bark on trees
Example of plants include Scrub oak, Cork oak, Yucca Whipplei
Adapted to the extreme temperatures and smaller amounts of water
Example: jack rabbit's ears help to regulate body temperature
Example: Puma- areas it can live in, organisms it will eat
Animals of the Chaparral include coyotes, jack rabbits, mule deer, alligator lizards, horned toads, honey bees, and more
General Information
Located in the Temperate zone with a general latitude of 30-40 degrees North or South of the equator
Elevation is 5,000 feet above sea level in regions of California; elevation differs with location
Topography: some flat plains, rocky hills or mountain slopes
Yucca Whipplei
Mule Deer
Alligator Lizard
Natural Resources
Cork harvested from Cork Oak Trees in areas such as California
Wood from trees used for firewood
Bark Harvesting
Human Interaction
Development- people are moving into where the chaparral regions are in California
Stripping Cork Oak trees as well as other trees of their bark
Human Impact
The cork bark is what protects the trees from fires, so stripping that will make them vulnerable to damage in the case of a fire.
Development and deforestation can cause loss of vegetation in many chaparral regions such as California or the coastal areas of the Mediterranean.
Works Cited
"California Chaparral." Blue Planet Biomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/calif_chaparral.htm>.
"Chaparral Biome." Chaparral Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/chaparral.htm>.
"Chaparral Ecosystem." YouTube. YouTube, 21 Sept. 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <
"Chaparral Soil." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C0113340/text/biomes/biomes.chaparral.soil.html>.
"The Mediterranean Biome." N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/shrub.htm>.
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