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Copy of Thesis Statement & Patterns of Organization
Transcript of Copy of Thesis Statement & Patterns of Organization
Patterns of Organization
What is paragraph Organization?
Good creation of thesis statement
Well organization of paragraphs
Effectively utilizing of transitions words and phrases
A short statement, usually one sentence, that summarizes the main point or claim of an essay, research paper, etc., and is developed, supported, and explained in the text by means of examples and evidence.
tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter under discussion.
is a road map for the paper; in other words, it tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper.
directly answers the question asked of you. A thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself. The subject, or topic, of an essay might be World War II or Moby Dick; a thesis must then offer a way to understand the war or the novel.
makes a claim that others might dispute.
is usually a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph that presents your argument to the reader. The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation.
Question: What is the function of Thesis Statement in an essay?
Definition & Function
----connection between one opinion to another opinion
Examples of transition words and phrases
Question: Is thesis statement important?
Thesis is very important in an essay. it tells people what's the main point of this essay.
The writing center of Pasadena City College showed us there are two points why thesis is necessary: The thesis statement aids readers understanding; and the writer could focus on the subject in the essay.
How to create a thesis statement?
Every writer has a purpose for writing and some plan of action for getting an idea across. This plan of action is the order in which the material will be presented in the text. We called this order as pattern of organization.
Here are several steps to make a thesis statement:
1.Determine what kind of paper you are writing(analytical, expository and argumentative)
2. Your thesis statement should be specific—it should cover only what you will discuss in your paper and should be supported with specific evidence.
3. The thesis statement usually appears at the end of the first paragraph of a paper.
4. Your topic may change as you write, so you may need to revise your thesis statement to reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.
An analysis of the college admission process reveals one challenge facing counselors: accepting students with high test scores or students with strong extracurricular backgrounds.
This is a thesis statement for analytical paper. The paper should explain analysis of the college admission process and the challenge facing admission counselors.
The life of the typical college student is characterized by time spent studying, attending class, and socializing with peers.
This is an example of expository thesis statement, in the paper, it should explain how students spend their time studying, attending class, and socializing with peers
High school graduates should be required to take a year off to pursue community service projects before entering college in order to increase their maturity and global awareness.
This is an argumentative thesis statement, and the paper should Present an argument and give evidence to support the claim that students should pursue community projects before entering college
flow more smoothly and logically
logical organization and understandability
connections between thoughts
illustrates relationships between ideas
sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph
Comparison(Contrast & Similarity)
but, however, nevertheless,conversely,On the contrary
Similarly, likewise,not only...but also
And, in addition (to), furthermore, moreover, besides
Specifically, especially, in particular, to explain,in detail
For example, for instance,such as
Therefore, finally, consequently, to sum up
Appear at the end/beginning of the paragraph.
the transition between P&P: the short sum/introduction of the paragraph.
include transition words and phrases
Jump from one idea to another
Thesis: Nuclear should be forbidden!
1.Nuclear accident will kill people and creatures
3.Economical and clean form of energy(X)
Types of Paragraph
In this pattern, the details are presented in the order in which they happened. This pattern may also be called time order or sequence of events.
Feature: describe a process, give directions, or detail a procedure
In this form the main idea is stated and the rest of the paragraph explains or proves it.
when the similarities or differences of two or more actions, ideas, or events are being discussed. A paragraph may discuss only similarities or only differences.
This pattern organizes information about a topic by dividing it into parts. These parts are selected on the basis of things they have in common.
When an event or action is caused by another event or action, the cause-effect pattern is used. The cause-effect pattern describes how two or more events are related or connected.
A writer who introduces or used a term that he or she feels the reader won't understand often includes a definition and explanation of the term. The term being defined is often printed in italics or darkened(bold) print, underlined, or otherwise made stand out.
A writer who wants to create a word picture of an event, person, object, idea, or theory, often uses the descriptive pattern. This type of paragraph often consists of a list of descriptive facts or characteristics. These particular pieces of the description may not seem to have an easily identifiable order, but writers do not arrange their descriptive details randomly. They usually arrange them in some order.
Example and Practice
On April 23, 1564, William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-on-Avon in England. He attended a local grammar school in the town. At the age of eighteen he married Ann Hathaway. Several years later he traveled to London. By the time he was twenty-eight he had established his reputation by acting and writing plays. Other than these facts, little is known of Shakespeare's early life.
Many people rationalize, or explain away, the difficulties in a fashion that protects their view of themselves. That is, they rationalize their mistakes and weaknesses by inventing excuses for them. For example, if a student failed an exam, he or she might say the exam was unfair or that the instructor did not teach what was on the test. Or, if your friend got a speeding ticket, he would rationalize that the police stopped the wrong car, that the speed was not posted, or that the speedometer was not working accurately.
Most beginning college students quickly realize that college is very different from high school. They can build their own time schedules, choose their own instructors, and decide whether to attend classes. In high school, however, freedom is more restricted. Most high school operate within a controlled time frame; teachers and schedules are assigned, not selected by the student, and class attendance is required.
Most people do not realize that they have more than one vocabulary level. In fact, everyone has four different vocabularies- a reading vocabulary, a listening vocabulary, a writing vocabulary, and a speaking vocabulary. There are words that you understand when you hear them, but you may not use them in your daily speech. And there are words that you recognize when you read that you may not normally use in your own writing. Similarly, there are words and expressions that you use in your speech but not in writing.
In the past century, government has expanded and become more involved in many new fields and aspects of life. One reason for this change is that government has more to because the population has increased by 600 percent over the past 100 years. More rules and regulations are needed to keep larger numbers of people living and working together peacefully. Another reason for government expansion is the growth of cities. The government has been forced to accept responsibility for the water supply, transportation, fire and police protection, and waste disposal in urban areas.
Family therapy is a method of helping troubled families work out their problems and conflicts. Therapy involves discussion sessions directed by a trained therapist. All members of the family are encouraged to come to the sessions. The goal of each session is to work out possible solutions to a particular problem.
Transition words and phrases
Presented by: Shiqi Fan (Imre)
Wenfeng Ren (Ivan)
Mingrui Zhao (Jason)
Transition words and phrases