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Harlem Renaissance

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by

Sheilla Kamau

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Harlem Renaissance

Harlem Renaissance Harlem is in Upper Manhattan in New York City. During the Harlem Renaissance, the area was made up of middle class white citizens and middle and upper class white people lived, the city of Harlem became a middle-class black neighborhood for writers, musicians and intellectuals interested in the advancement of the African American community. Geography of Harlem History of Harlem • The Great Migration north was when many African Americans were moving north from the south. African Americans were moving from the rural parts of the south to the urban of the north. However the northern Americans did not welcome the African and they ended up in slums, and the largest of the slums was Harlem.Americans. Out of this, the African Americans were segregated The Great Migration NAACP • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was an organization founded by W.E.B Dubois. It was set up early in the Harlem Renaissance to ensure that there is equality to all ethnic group citizens for the U.S and eliminate racial prejudice. UNIA •The Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) was started by Marcus Garvey. Unlike the NAACP, the UNIA accepted black members only and it was for working people. Garvey wanted Africa to be reclaimed for all the black people around the world Marcus Garvey • Marcus Garvey was born on August 17, 1887, in Jamaica. He was inspired by the Pan-African nationalism, and founded the UNIA in Jamaica, which was fighting for all the blacks to reclaim Africa for all the blacks around the world. He travelled to the United States in 1916, to promote separatists philosophy of social, political, and economic freedom for blacks, and founded the UNIA in Harlem. Later he was charged with mail fraud involving the Black Star Line. He was put in prison and later released and deported to Jamaica in 1927. In 1935, he moved to London and continued the UNIA, and had The Greater Liberia Act of 1939 which would deport 12 million African-Americans to Liberia. The act failed and he lost a lot of support among the black population. •Luis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana. Armstrong fell in love with music as a child at age 11 and from then on he became a musician who played the trumpet and the cornet. In the early 1920’s the left New Orleans and joined Joe Oliver in Creole Jazz Band in Chicago. He traveled around the U.S many times playing jazz. In 1963, he scored a huge international hit with his version of “Hello Dolly” and in 1986 he recorded “What a Wonderful World”. Louis Armstrong Claude McKay was born on September. He was a poet, novelist, and journalist. He lived with his older brother so that he could get the best education and by the age of 10 he started writing poems.
In 1907 an English man named Walter Jekyll noticed McKay and helped him by setting in verses into music. McKay then migrated to the U.S and established himself as a poet.
McKay went on with his career and Kansas State College in Manhattan, Kansas. later on he moved to Harlem and in 1917 he published "Invocation" and "The Harlem Dancer," he wrote 1919, he wrote his famous poem "If We Must Die". Later he went on to publish "Baptism," "The White House", and "The Lynching".
between 1919 to 1933, McKay moved from the U.S to the U.K, back to the U.S and then to Morocco and back to the U.S. During this time, he wrote "Home to Harlem", "Banjo", "Banana Bottom". Claude McKay Birds of Prey

Their shadow dims the sunshine of our day,

As they go lumbering across the sky,

Squawking in joy of feeling safe on high,

Beating their heavy wings of owlish gray.

They scare the singing birds of earth away

As, greed-impelled, they circle threateningly,

Watching the toilers with malignant eye,

From their exclusive haven--birds of prey.

They swoop down for the spoil in certain might,

And fasten in our bleeding flesh their claws.

They beat us to surrender weak with fright,

And tugging and tearing without let or pause,

They flap their hideous wings in grim delight,

And stuff our gory hearts into their maws.

Claude McKay I choose this piece of poetry because it explains how the African Americans were treated before and after freedom. through his poem, McKay shows who the whites were still oppressing the blacks in the country and this made them feel inferior to the white americans. Diversity
and
National Unity The Harlem Renaissance was a centripetal force because it brought all the African Americans together because they all had a common goal for a good cause. The Harlem Renaissances was a dividing force because it separated the African American and white Americans and it became a centrifugal force.
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