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John Quincy Adams

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Bailey Aucoin

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams went up against three other candidates for his presidency
But in order to be pronounced president you must have at least 50% of the votes, since neither contestant actually reached 50% Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams made a side deal saying that Clay would give Adams his percentage of votes if he could be his secretary of state
He was appointed Minister to the Netherlands, then promoted to the Berlin Legation
In 1802 he was elected to the United States Senate
Six years later President Madison appointed him Minister to Russia
Secretary of State
On March 7, 1825 Henry Clay was appointed as John Quincy Adams secretary of state.
Henry Clay's nickname was the great Compromiser
Famous for the Missouri Compromise, Compromise Tariff of 1833, etc.
Served until March 3,1829
Vice President
Election of 1824
Corrupt Bargain
In 1824 John Quincy Adams ran for presidency
He was going against Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and William Crawford

When the votes were counted Jackson had the most votes with 99 but he had to have at least 131 votes to win
John Quincy Adams
Corrupt Bargain
Because nobody had gotten enough votes to win majority the subject went back to the House of Representatives to choose the new president
With 24 states in the country at the time, John Quincy Adams had won 13 of the states votes
In return for Clay dropping out John Quincy Adams named Henry clay as his Secretary of State
Andrew Jackson, his supporters, and many neutral observers named these events as the "Corrupt Bargain".
Websites Used
Return to Congress
After Quincy was kicked out of presidency, he served 17 years in the House Of Representatives. He was the first president to not be elected for a second term .
Corrupt Bargain
John C. Calhoun
Henry Clay was a speaker in the house of representatives and withdrew himself from the election, hoping his supporters would then vote for John Quincy Adams

Political Party
Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams
Bailey Auoin, Mary Asdel, Bianca Peoples, Savannah Massey
Secretary of Treasury
- Richard Rush
Secretary of War-
James Barbour (1825-28)

Peter B. Porter (1828)
Attorney General- William Wirt
Secretary of the Navy- Samuel L. Southard
Supreme Court Appointments:
Associate Justice- Robert Trimble
Secretary of State
- Henry Clay
Missouri Compromise
Issue- What would happen to slavery in the west?
1819 Missouri wanted to join as a slave state
At the time there were 11 free states and 11 slave states so there was a good balance
The congress didn't want to deny the state slavery because they felt that it would be unfair
Compromise- Missouri would become a slave state but Maine would separate from Mass. as a free state and then there would be no slavery in the sates that were a part of the Louisiana Purchase
Lasted for over 30 years

Calhoun was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1808
He then served in the U.S. House of Representatives as a Democratic-Republican from 1811 to 1817
In the House, Calhoun distinguished himself as one of the "War Hawks" who supported President James Madison's efforts to declare war on Britain in 1812.
Vice President
John C. Calhoun

As secretary of war, he was overseeing a review of the department's operations and accounts.
In the 1824 election, Calhoun initially hoped to be considered for the presidency, but recognizing his inability to compete with John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, or William Crawford, he accepted the vice presidency.
Adams in turn selected Clay as his secretary of state. Calhoun was deeply offended by this perceived "corrupt bargain," but Calhoun and Adams also agreed politically on few issues and had a tense relationship, which only deteriorated during the administration.
Basic Information
Born July 11, 1767 in Braintree, Massachusetts
6th President of America
Presidential term: March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829
His wife was Louisa Adams
He had four kids
He went to Harvard College and became a lawyer
Died at age 78 on February 23, 1848
Amistad Case
On November 17th 1840, John Quincy Adams visited thirty-six African men being held outside of New Haven, Connecticut.
The Africans who had mutinied on a Spanish slave ship were being tried for piracy and murder on the high seas
The thirty-six Africans had been among five or six hundred purchased by a Portuguese slave trader in April 1839.
The Africans were landed near Havana and sold openly in the slave market. Fifty-two members of the Mendi tribe were sold to Jos‚ Ruiz and Pedro Montez
On the fourth night on the ship, the Mendians broke free of their chains and waited until morning. At dawn, they attacked the captain and his three-man crew.
The two Cuban slaves steered east to Africa but turned the ship toward the United States at night.
On August 26, the Amistad was arrested off Long Island by a U.S. Coastal Survey brig and taken to New London, Connecticut.
On January 7, 1840, the Mendians' trial began in the District Court in Hartford, Connecticut.
The judge decided that the Mendians were free men, and ordered President Van Buren to have them transported back to Africa.
Van Buren requested the case to the Supreme Court.
After being turned down by leading trial lawyers in Boston, Tappan approached John Quincy Adams
Adams' argument was centered on the principle of Habeas Corpus. By Spain's own laws, he argued, the Mendians were illegally enslaved.
The Court agreed, but by the time the Court made its decision, John Tyler, a southern proslavery, was President and he refused to provide a warship for the Mendians' return.
In December 1841, Tappan and his fellow abolitionists provided a ship and missionaries who would take the Africans home.
Amistad Case
Full transcript