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Macbeth Mind Map

English project; create a visually-rich depiction of important ideas and concepts in The Tragedy of Macbeth.

Allison Goetz

on 9 September 2011

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Transcript of Macbeth Mind Map

Macbeth Something wicked this way comes (IV.i 45). Double, double toil and trouble; fire burn, and cauldron bubble (IV. i 35-36). Symbols Themes Characters Christianity sleep dreams or lack of or nightmares "Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds or memorize another Golgotha" (I. iii 388-40). The reference to Golgotha, the site of Christ's crucifixion, foreshadows the murder of an innocent life much like the murder of Christ. "The bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell that summons thee to heaven or to hell" (II. ii 61b-63). Possibly the murder that Golgotha foreshadowed. Up, up and see the great doom's image ... As from your graves rise up and walk like sprites to countenance this horror. (II. iii 69b-72a). Great doom's image=the Last Judgement or the end of the world.
Sprites=spirits of the dead that will rise on the Judgement Day "Banquo, thy soul's flight, if it find heaven, must find it out tonight" (III. ii 140b-141). "Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell. Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, yet grace must still look so" (IV. iii 22-24a). Virtue is not damaged by those who fall into evil and act righteous. Macbeth, like Lucifer, has fallen, but he cannot destroy the good left in the country. "Banquo. I dreamt last night of the three Weird Sisters. To you they have showed some truth.
Macbeth. I think not of them" (II.i 19-20). "But let the frame of things disjoint, both the worlds suffer, ere we will eat out meal in fear, and sleep in the affliction of these terrible dreams that shake us nightly" (III.ii 16-19a). Macbeth would rather the world fall apart than live in fear with constant nightmares. Macbeth is having remorse for his murderous actions. The question becomes is Macbeth actually feeling guilty for murdering Duncan and Banquo, or is he feeling remorse because of the constant fear of being caught and/or overthrown? Dreams are the one place in which a person cannot. hide from their true thoughts and feelings. "This is her very guise and, upon my life, fast asleep ... What need we fear who knows it, when non can call our power to account? Yet who would have thought the old man to have has so much blood in him? ... The Thane of Fife had a wife. Where is she now? What, will these hands ne'er be clean? ... I tell you yet again, Banquo's buried; he cannot come out on's grave"(V.i 15b-51). Lady Macbeth, who is asleep, washes her hands of blood of the innocent men whom she helped murder. This can also be compared to Pontius Pilate washing his hands of Christ's blood before the crucifixion. "A heavy summons lies like lead upon me, and yet I would not sleep. Merciful powers, restrain in me the the cursed thoughts that nature gives way to in repose" (II.i 6-9a). Banquo, like Macbeth, has dreadful thoughts of murder that enter his mind in his sleep. Banquo, unlike Macbeth, refuses to act upon these thoughts. In this case, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth cannot hide from their guilt in their sleep. "Methought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep'-the innocent sleep, sleep that knits up the raveled sleave of care, the death of each day's life, sore labor's bath, balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course, chief nourisher in life's feast" (II.iii 33-38a). Sleep is described as being able to ease worries, soothe the soul, and heal the body and mind. Macbeth "murders" sleep for himself. Sleep will Never again ease Macbeth's worries or soothe is soul. Sleep will now cause worries through nightmares. Deception Supernatural Guilt "Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty" (I.vi 37b-40a). "Thou canst not say I did it. Never shake thy gory locks at me" (III.iv 50-51). "Avaunt, and quit my sight! Let earth hide thee. thy bones are marrowless; thy blood is cold; thou hast no speculation in those eyes which thou dost glare with" (III.iv 92-96a). Macbeth is confronted with Banquo's ghost, and tries to convince the ghost and himself that he cannot be tied to the murder. Also, Macbeth tries to convince himself that Banquo is only a ghost by telling the ghost that it is not alive. "This night I'll spend unto a dismal and fatal end ... Upon the corner of the moon there hand a vap'rous drop profound. I'll catch it ere it come to ground, and that, distilled by magic sleights, shall raise such artificial sprites as by the strength of thier illusion shall draw on him confusion" (III.v 20b-29). Hecate plans to use supernatural ingredients to cast a spell that will lead Macbeth to his destruction. The Weird Sisters conjure three apparitions to lull Macbeth into a false sense of security regarding his future. "Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff! Beware the Thane of Fife! Dismiss me. Enough" (IV.i 71-72). "Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth!- ... Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn the power of man, for non of woman born shall harm Macbeth" (IV.i 77-81). Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no care who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are. Macbeth shall never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him" (IV.i 90-94a). "There's no art to find the mind's concentration in the face. He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust" (I.iv 11b-14a). Looks can be deceiving. Ironically, Duncan chooses a man who will lead to his downfall as the new Thane of Cawdor. "To beguile the time, look like the time. Bear welcome in your eye, your hand your tongue. Look like th' innocent flower, but be the serpent under 't" (I.v 60b-63a). Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to act as the perfect host so that no one will suspect their motives of killing Duncan. Serpent-reference to the Devil in the Garden of Eden "False face must hide what the false heart doth know" (I.vii 82). Macbeth agrees to act as the perfect host to deter any suspicions of foul play. All three of the Weird Sisters prophesies ring true, but not in the way Macbeth expects them too. The first prophecy is just as it seems. Macbeth should beware Macduff. The second prophecy is not as is seems. Although Macbeth cannot be murdered by a man born of woman, a man, such as Macduff, who was a cesarean section would be able to kill Macbeth. The third prophecy is also not as it seems. Although it seems impossible for a woods to travel on its own to Macbeth's castle, Macduff's men cut the branches from the woods and use them as camouflage. This gives the illusion of the woods moving to Macbeth's castle. "Is this a daggar which I see before me, the handle toward my hand? ...art thou but a daggar of the mind, a false creation proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain? (II.i 32-38). Macbeth begins to feel guilty of his actions before he even kills Duncan. This guilt is expressed in the illusion of a dagger that his mind creates. "One cried 'God bless us' and 'Amen' the other... I could not say 'Amen' when they did say 'God bless us' ... I had most need of blessing, and 'Amen' stuck in my throat" (II.ii 24-31a). Directly following Duncan's murder, Macbeth feels so guilty that he cannot even say the word "Amen." Lady Weird Sisters Macbeth begins the story as an honorable man with a high level of morality. At the of the play, Macbeth has nearly destroyed his soul from all the murder and deception. There is still hope for Macbeth before his death. He still holds a bit of humanity and honorability. Macbeth's morality is demonstrated when the idea of killing the king strikes complete terror and disgust into his heart: "I yield to that suggestion whose horrid image doth unfix my hair and make my seated heart knock at my ribs against the use of nature ... My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, shakes so my single state of man that function is smothered in surmise, and nothing is but what is not" (I.iii 134b-142a). "Time, thou anticipat'st my dread exploits. The flighty purpose never is o'ertook unless the deed go with it. From this moment the very firstlings of my heart shall be the firstlings of my hand. And even now, to crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and done" (IV.i 144-149). Macbeth does not want to fight Macduff because he has already killed too many people in Macduff's family: "Of all men else I have avoided thee. But get thee back. My soul is too much charged with blood of thine already" (V.viii 4-6a). Macbeth refuses to surrender but rather die with honor: "I will not yield to kiss the ground before young Malcolm's feet and to be baited with the rabble's curse" (V.viii 27b-29). Lady Macbeth seems to be heartless and power hunngry... but the guilt of her actions is too much to bear in the end. "Glamis thou art, and Cawdor, and shalt be what thou are promised. Yet I do fear thy nature; It is too full o' th' milk of human kindness ... Hie thee hither, that I may pour my spirits in thine ear and chastise with the valor of my tongue all that impedes thee from the golden round which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem to have thee crowned withal" (I.v 12-27a). Seyton reports Lady Macbeth's death to Macbeth. From Lady Macbeth's sleepwalking actions, it can be assumed that she killed herself. The Weird Sisters are the driving force of the play. If the sisters had not mentioned the prophecies to Macbeth, would he still have killed the king and started his reign of terror? The witches also lead to Macbeth's downfall when they trick him with their prophecies that have double meanings.
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