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Reformation Over Europe
Transcript of Reformation Over Europe
Reformation Over Europe
Protestant Sects Form
Meanwhile, King Henry wished to annul his marriage with Catherine of Aragon, but Pope Paul III had ties with the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (Catherine's nephew).
Strife with the church caused Henry to break away and to create new religious order.
Henry created himself head of the Church of England (Anglican Church) and gave Thomas Cramner title of archbishop.
Backround of the English Reformation
After Queen Mary's death in 1558 the throne was passed to Henry VIII's daughter, Elizabeth.
Queen Elizabeth passed a series of laws to make changes to the Church of England.
Sects- religious groups that broke away from the established church
Many Protestant Sects followed the teachings of Luther, Calvin and Zwingli.
Anabaptists were a radical sect. They sought
after social change such as
Mennonites, Baptists and Amish trace
back to the anabaptist movement.
Start of Catholic Reformation
Ignatius of Loyola:
Spanish knight raised in the crusading tradition.
Vowed to become a "soldier of God" and set up strict rules for the new religious order, the Society of Jesuits founded in 1540.
Jesuits set up schools, became advisors to rulers and spread the Catholic faith such as Asia, Africa and the Americas.
Teresa of Avila:
Born into a wealthy Spanish family.
Created a stricter convent routine for Nuns.
They lived in isolation, ate little, and slept little creating more time for prayer and meditation.
She was canonized (became a Saint) and her writings are used today.
Strengthening of Catholic Teachings
In the years 1450 and 1750 ten of thousands of people died from witch hunts.
Most died in German states, Switzerland and France.
Sprung from dual beliefs in Christianity and magic
In 1516 Venice ordered Jews to live in a separate part of the city called the ghetto.
In the 1550's Pope Paul IV placed more restrictions and Charles V (Emperor of Roman Empire) banned Jews from Spanish and American Territories
From 1550's on Jews moved to the Netherlands and the Mediterranean parts of the Ottoman Empire
Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, and Anthony Esler. Reformation Ideas Spread. Boston: Pearson Pretince Hall, 2008. 428-433. Print.
Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII. 2011. Photograph. The Anne Boleyn FilesWeb. 16 Sep 2012. <www.theanneboleynfiles.com>.
Anabaptists. 2003. Photograph. Wilsons AlmanacWeb. 16 Sep 2012. <www.wilsonsalmanac.com>.
Campbell, Mike. Queen Elizabeth I. 1996-2012. Photograph. Behind the NameWeb. 16 Sep 2012. <www.behindthename.com>.
Gregory, . Keep Calm and Catholic On. 2012. Photograph. S Peters ListWeb. 16 Sep 2012. <www.speterslist.com>.
2008. Graphic. Xtra NormalWeb. 17 Sep 2012. <www.xtranormal.com>.
John Wycliffe called for a reform in the early 1300's
Her policies were a compromise between Protestant and Catholics. She did a very good job of restoring unity to England.
Protestant reformation swept England which the catholic church began the catholic reformation (counter reformation).
Led by Pope Paul III during the 1530's and the 1540's, he set out to revive the catholic religion.
The forming of The Council of Trent in 1545 helped solidify church beliefs for the reformation, while a strengthened Inquisition (church court) fought Protestants.
Though majority of Europeans remained Catholic, expressions changed. Protestants were a major part of Europe which created debate and started many wars. Reformation created a divided Europe which still has different types of Christianity today.
Events in Order