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Conflict refugees: Myanmar

The intersection of migration, security, and human rights in the case of Burmese refugees

crystal tsai

on 1 December 2010

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Transcript of Conflict refugees: Myanmar

History development progress Rohingyas Karen Bangladesh Thailand IDPs in Myanmar Policy Recommendations Independence from Commonwealth, 1948 In 1940s... Burma on track to be most developed country in Southeast Asia natural resources
some of best universities in region geographically strategic Conflict refugees: Myanmar case General Ne Win 1962-1988
Totalitarian govt
"Four cuts" policy

Economy crumbled under Ne Win
Burma obtained into Least Developed Country status food, money, intelligence, & personnel 8888 Uprising hundreds of thousands of mostly monks, students, and housewives
ended in bloody coup SLORC: State Law and Order Restoration Council SPDC: State Peace and Development Council military junta
no longer totalitarian, but accused of human rights abuses Aung San suu Kyi and NLD: National League for Democracy 1990 Elections GDP per capita: $1,000 (PPP); 210 out of 229 countries
Population below povery line: 32.7%
UNICEF: "the silent emergency"

due to lack of adequate infrastructure and access to health and education, Myanmar's HDI ranked 129 out of 177 highest adult HIV/AIDS rate in Asia: 0.7%
other health concerns include maternal health, malaria, tuberculosis, malnutrition, and other STDs
government spends 40% on military; 0.17% on health care
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