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Geography Assignment-Japan

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Tammy Ly

on 30 November 2012

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Transcript of Geography Assignment-Japan

by Tammy, 809 Japan Geography Japan is located at east of Asia, in the Pacific Ocean, kilometers away from the coasts of South Korea and Eastern China. The total area of the country was 377,915 squared kilometers; 364,485 squared kilometers of land, and 13,430 squared kilometers of water. The total area also includes the areas of the Ryukyu Islands, Volcano Islands, Bonin Islands, Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, and Okino-tori-shima. Population The population of Japan was 127,368,088 in the July of 2012. The majority of Japan's population is Japanese; roughly 99% of the population. The remaining 1% consists of other cultural groups, such as Chinese, Korean, and the Filipino. Most of the population resides in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. The population's age structure between 0 to 10 of Japan is predicted to decrease in the future, while the population's age structure 80 and over is predicted to increase. Population Pyramids Population (Cont.d) As I mentioned in my last slide, the population's youth will decrease. The birth rate of Japan is 8.39 births per thousand, which helps increase the population. However, the death rate was nearly 9.15 deaths per thousand in the July of 2012. Each person born in Japan was expected to live for 83.91 years (depending on gender).These statistics tells me that the population of Japan will have a better chance of increasing than decreasing.

The current net migration rate (changes in the migration patterns) of Japan is 0 migrants per thousand. Therefore, Japan's population will only increase by births, not by migration. Population Density & Distribution Japan's population density was 349 people per square kilometer in 2011! Therefore, Japan has a very dense population density. A dense population density may result in crowding of cities, more pollution, and traffic issues. The settlement pattern in Japan is clustered (in cities), and in rural areas, the settlement pattern is scattered. Economy After examining Japan's statistics, I think that Japan is a developed country. Japan's literacy rate is 99% back in 2002, meaning that almost everyone in Japan knows how to read and write by the age of 15. Secondly, according to the population pyramids, the "base" of the pyramid is small, meaning that Japan doesn't need many kids to help their parents with labour. Thirdly, Japan has a very long life expectancy, and developed countries increases the life expectancy of the people living. And finally, most of Japan's land is used for building urban communities, therefore providing the people with more jobs, increasing the urbanization (percentage of population living in cities) of the overall population. Hypothesis Table of Contents Slide 1: Japan's Flag Slide 16: Population (Cont.d) Slide 31: Data
Slide 2: Meaning of Japan's Flag Slide 17: Life in Japan Slide 32: Contradictions
Slide 3: Table of Contents Slide 18: Kimono (Clothing) Slide 33: After examination
Slide 4: Introduction Slide 19: School Uniforms Slide 34: Bibliography
Slide 5: Language Slide 20: Shinto Shrine Slide 35: Bibliography (Images)
Slide 6: Literature Slide 21: Population Pyramids
Slide 7: Technology & Pop Culture Slide 22: Population Pyramid (1995)
Slide 8: Geography Slide 23: Population Pyramid (2010)
Slide 9: Map of Japan Slide 24: Population Pyramid (2050)
Slide 10: Natural Disasters Slide 25: Population Density & Distribution
Slide 11: Natural Disasters Photo 1 Slide 26: Population Density Map
Slide 12: Natural Disasters Photo 2 Slide 27: Economy
Slide 13: The Aftermath Slide 28: Imports & Exports
Slide 14: Anniversary of Disaster Slide 29: Characteristic Correlation
Slide 15: Population Slide 30: Hypothesis Bibliography CIA - The World Factbook, "Japan". Retrieved October 26th, 2012
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/maps/maptemplate_ja.html
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html

Greene, Meg, Primary Sources of World Cultures: JAPAN: A Primary Source Cultural Guide, The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. 2005

Google Maps

Wikipedia, "Japan", "Demographics of Japan". Retrieved November 14th, 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan

"http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/.html." Fact Monster.
© 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Fact Monster.
12 Nov. 2012 <http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0107666.html>.

http://www.tasita.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Kimono-yuanhua.jpg

Web Japan, "GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE-Web Japan". Retrieved November 14th, 2012. web-japan.org/factsheet/en/pdf/e08_governmental.pdf The two population characteristics I'm going to be using in this correlation are the literacy rate and the life expectancy. The better the literacy rate in a country, the more the life expectancy increases, because with the skill to read and write, it would make life alot easier. Characteristic Correlation Japan is home to the most advanced technology producers. The GDP per capita (amount of money earned by a person per year) was $35,200 (US dollars) as of 2011. The total labour force was 65,930,000 people in 2011; 69.8% being in tertiary (teachers, doctors), with 3.9% in primary (farming, fishing), and 26.2% in secondary (manufacturing). The unemployment rate (percentage of population working without jobs) in Japan was 4.6% in 2011. As you can see on this map, people of Japan aren't evenly distributed on their land. The densely populated areas are around the city of Tokyo, which is part of a megalopolis. Also, densely populated areas are around the coastlines. It's not much dense in land because most of the cities in Japan are along the waters. How this affects the people in Japan is all the air pollution the people could create, which will cause acid rain. The acid rain will destroy vegetation, which will result in less agriculture. Introduction Japan develops the most advanced technology in the world. Due to this, many countries depend on Japan for its quality electronics and appliances. The technology in North America was influenced by the products of the Japanese. Improved technology also were developed quickly in Japan than in North America.

Despite the technology Japan was known for, Japan is also home to many beautiful landscapes. There are alot of mountains and hilltops in Japan, too. Japan has some rivers, and a few lakes. However, the rivers are not long enough to act as transportation routes.
There are lots of different vegetation as well. Usually, forests would take up the majority of the land. Unfortunately, the vegetation has been destroyed, mainly due to humans. Despite this, the Japanese try to protect some forests from more plants being destroyed.

There are lots of animals in Japan, too. To state a few, monkeys, deer, foxes and bears live in Japan. Birds such as hawks, doves, and woodpeckers also live in Japan. Fishing plays one of the most essential roles in Japan's economy. Marine life in Japan consists of whales, sea turtles, tuna, squid, and salmon. Some koi (colourful carp) and goldfish were raised in fish farms, and were also used for decorations in ponds and gardens. Data Contradictions Land area: 364,485 squared kilometers
GDP per capita: $35,200 (2011)
Labour force: Tertiary: 69.8%, Secondary (manufacturing): 26.2%, Primary (farming, fishing): 3.9% (2010)
Literacy rate: 99% (2002)
Urbanization: 67% (2010)
Fertility rate: 1.39 births per woman
Life expectancy: 83.91 years
Infant mortality rate: 2.21 deaths per thousand live babies
Population: 127,368,088 Actually, I don't find anything about Japan that opposes my hypothesis. Technology & Popular culture North America had been introduced to various electronics and appliances made in Japan. Popular culture also had an impact in North America. Video game characters, such as Mario, Sonic the Hedgehog, Kirby, and Link were originated from the Japanese. Manga was also used in animes (mentioned on the previous slide), creating television shows, such as Yu-Gi-Oh! and Sailor Moon. Other television shows, such as Power Rangers, had a Japanese origin. Language The native language in Japan is Japanese. Japanese is one of the most difficult languages to learn worldwide. The Japanese language is made by combining the languages of Mongolian, Korean, Manchu and Turkish. Similar to the Chinese language, Japanese also have the speech where people must speak with the specific tone and pronounciation to be able to start conversations with others.
In Japanese, there were characters that were used to help pronounce the Japanese characters. In place, there were 47 pronounciation characters. Speaking in the wrong tone and pronounciation can turn into a different meaning than what one person was trying to say. Also, the verb always goes at the end of each sentence.

Most of the Japanese language is alike of the Chinese. A system of speech of proper manner and honoring those of higher rank was also included in the language. Some phrases in Japanese must be spoken CORRECTLY depending on one's gender. If spoken by the wrong gender, it will sound bizarre to the Japanese.
The system of addressing peers is common in the Japanese language. -San was added to the end of the person's last name to be addressed as other people, like how North Americans use "Mr.", "Ms." or "Mrs." to address others. -Chan was added to the person's first name to be addressed as a close friend. -Sensei was added to the person's last name to be addressed as a teacher or doctor. After examination After examining these lists of data, I still think that Japan is a developed country. Despite the economic issues Japan is experiencing due to the tsunami and earthquake in 2011, Japan's GDP was back to its usual point the year after.

To my surprise, Japan was one of the most developed countries in Eastern Asia! The pyramid way back in 1995. As you can see, most of Japan's population is usually in the ages bewteen 20-24 and ages 45-49. Not many youngsters born, as this results in a smaller pyramid "base" than other countries. The most recent population pyramid. This pyramid was completely changed, because in the past, there were not many of those at the age of 80 and over. And, there were many people in the ages between 35-39 and 60-64. Similar to the past pyramid, the "base" of the pyramid remains small. Natural Disaster Due to Japan's geographical location, Japan usually have tsunamis, typhoons, earthquakes, and in some islands (especially Volcano Islands), volcanic eruptions.

The recent tsunami and earthquake was in the March of 2011. During the tsunami disaster, an earthquake also hit. The next day, one of Japan's nuclear power plants, the Fukushima Daiichi Plant, exploded. Over one-fifth of a million people left the nearby areas of the plant. Three days later, two other nuclear power plants exploded, and a fire occured. The good news was, the fire was managed. Unfortunately, the radiation from the plants was released into the atmosphere. More than one-tenth of a million people were informed to remain in their homes, avoid using the air condition, and avoid opening windows. Literature The Japanese enjoyed many various types of literature. One of the literature types that the Japanese enjoys reading was "Manga". Manga is a form of "Japanese comic"; it tells a story, and some mangas have sequels to the original. This type of literature attracts various audiences, especially in North America. Manga artists makes a very large amount of money from their manga works.

The poetry in Japan was much different than the poetry made in North America. Japanese poems are usually consistent of syllables rather than rhymes. One type of Japanese poetry is called a "haiku". A haiku poem is made up of 17 syllables, in 3 lines: 5 syllables in the first line, 7 syllables in the second line, 5 syllables in the third line. This is the predicted population pyramid of 2050. There aren't as many kids as the other past population pyramids. As predicted, the population will be consisted with more elders than the young. Five months after the disaster, the Tokyo Electric Power concluded in their results of a study in the Fukushima Daiichi Plant that the Plant was damaged by the tsunami, therefore caused the plant to explode. Japan's government planned to remove the plant, the stored nuclear energy, and clean up the radiation in the March of 2014. By the finishing of 2011, the government officially allowed the residents who lived nearby the plant in around the areas, however over 100,000 of the residents didn't want to come back. The Aftermath Anniversary of the disaster The year after the disaster, little did Japan progress to repair cities and remove radiation from the explosion. As I mentioned in the last slide, over 100,000 residents who used to live in nearby areas before the nuclear explosion didn't want to come back. This was because they didn't put their trust into the government's radiation removal plan. The tsunami that hit Japan in 2011. This disastrous tsunami left over 10,000 people dead, and over 160,000 people without homes. Part of the Japanese military force was sent by the government to search for surviving victims of the tsunami and earthquake. Japan's flag consists of a red circle in the middle, called a "sun disk". Japanese people give Japan its national name "Nippon". "Nippon" originally translates to "Sun Origin", but the Japanese refer it as "Land of the Rising Sun". The red sun disk on the flag represents the sun at dawn. This is another reason why Japan was given that national name. Most of Japan's exports (goods and services brought to another country) were usually their developed technology and appliances, such as televisions, VCRs, cell phones, and vehicles (car companies such as Toyota were founded by the Japanese). In 2011, Japan made $787,000,000,000 from exporting their products to other countries; majority being exported to China, South Korea, and North America.
Despite Japan being the top technology producers in the world, Japan is dependent on other countries' imports (goods and services brought into the buying country) of goods, usually equipment, non-renewable resources, and foods. Japan's imports were roughly $807,600,000,000. Imports & Exports The Japanese are open minded, and usually like to be with others. They value their families, and don't be surprised that some of them have more than one family living in a house! Next to the family, their jobs are second in value.

People in Japan always remember to be polite. In Japan, bowing to someone is a way to show their respect. If bowing to a person in a higher rank, the bow would have to be more deep.

When someone was only three days old, the baby would be given his/her name in a ceremony as he/she receives gifts from friends and family. When the baby is a month old, he/she was brought to the local Shinto (a religion originated from Japan) temple, and the priest there would record the baby's name and birthday. The Japanese practice their religion (mainly Shinto) throughout their lives.

In school, education is very important to the Japanese. Due to high expectations in schools, that's how Japan kept their literacy rate at 99%, never changing. Japanese students start going to school when they are six years old, and must be in school for nine years: from kindergarten, to Grade nine. Every school year starts at the first of April. First term starts from April until July; second term starts from September until December, and third term starts from January until March. A one month break is given to the students.
After graduating from Grade nine, those who wants to continue their education has to pass exams in order to enter senior high school and university. Every year in February and March, these exams take place. These exams pressured many students; some students even studied for these exams since they started school! Some students committed suicide after receiving their results on the exams. Life in Japan A kimono, a traditional female Japanese dress. Traditional clothing was made out of silk. Today, the Japanese wears clothing similar to those of North America, but still would wear the traditional clothing during special occasions. One of the Shinto shrines in Japan. Occasions such as a weddings, usually takes place in these shrines. As mentioned in the last three slides, when the baby was a month old, they would be taken to the nearby Shinto shrine, where one of the priests would record the baby's name and birthday. The high school uniforms in Japan. Not only the high school students in Japan provided uniforms; elementary and middle schools do as well. Nationmaster, "Japan". Retrieved October 31st, 2012
http://www.nationmaster.com/country/ja-japan/Age-_distribution

"Massive Earthquake And Tsunami In Japan: Destruction Is Seen In Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, On March 15, 2011. More Than 10,000 People Are Believed To Have Been Killed By A Massive Earthquake And Resulting Tsunami. UPI/Keizo Mori." (n.d.): Image Collection. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=imh&AN=imh754667&site=src-live

"Massive Earthquake And Tsunami In Japan: Members Of Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Search For Victims As Destruction Is Seen In Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, On March 15, 2011. More Than 10,000 People Are Believed To Have Been Killed By A Massive Earthquake And Resulting Tsunami. UPI/Keizo Mori." (n.d.): Image Collection. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=imh&AN=imh754669&site=src-live

http://uta-fall2009-rodin.blogspot.ca/2009/11/shinto-shrines-by-traci-newberry.html

http://mesqueeb.blogspot.ca/2008_07_01_archive.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Six_koi.jpg

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-RKba7CDsvyg/T16coeZOIjI/AAAAAAAAChs/-G8-EwGqOjs/s1600/Cherry-Blossom-festival-washington-dc-.jpg Bibliography (Images)
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