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American Education: 1940's-1950's

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Nadia Lesnefsky

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of American Education: 1940's-1950's

American Education 1940's-1950's World War II Dominated first half of 1940's
Created job openings
WWII ends (1945) Baby Boom More job opportunities for teachers
Bigger schools Cold War "Air raid drills"
Math and science greatly focused on military advantages for soviets
sputnik 1958: conrgess passed the
National Defense Education Act. Gave money to improve scientific equipment for both private and public schools
Provided scholarships and student loans
Strengthened math, science, and foreign language
Addition math and sciences courses
Mandatory foreign language Segregation Most schools still segregated
(1950's)
"Separate but Equal" policies
African American schools African American schools:
not funded equally
outdated materials
hand-me-downs
poorly put together
lower pay Brown vs. Board
of Education 1954: Topeka, Kansas African American parents struggles to enroll their children in closer school due to race
Oliver Brown went to NAACP to discuss their situation
1951: NAACP requested an injunction forbidding segregation http://www.authentichistory.com/1946-1960/8-civilrights/1954-1960/19540000_Thurgood_Marshall_on_Segregation.html The 3 R's: "Reading, 'Ritin, 'Rithmatic" What were schools like? Students were referred to as pupils
Principles were called head teachers
Elementary was grades 1-7
Students were very respectful
to their teachers
Discipline was more effective
Classrooms were kept very sterile HOT questions:
1) Why do you think school teachers are less respected compared to how they used be?
2) Why do you think segregation was so popular? Sources:
"Teaching" textbook
http://www.authentichistory.com/1946-1960/index.html
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