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USA - Immigration to America
Transcript of USA - Immigration to America
"An American is somebody who came from somewhere else to become someone else."
The USA in 1920 - A melting pot of people
In 1900 the USA was a mixture of all sorts of people
This was the idea that one ‘American’ culture could be created from many different nationalities.
Push Factors are reasons why people want to leave their own country, things that push them away.
Pull Factors are factors which make another country seem attractive, they are reasons which pull people towards them.
In 1800 the population of America was only 2 million
By 1920 it had increased to over 100 million
The American Dream
America was viewed as a ‘Land of Opportunity’
Greater chance of employment .
A place where if you worked hard you would be rewarded with a better standard of living.
A fresh start away from previous life.
America was more accessible to many
In New York in 1910 there were 66 languages and 44 different cultures.
Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost, to me. I lift my lamp beside the golden door.
Give me your tired and poor people, the crowds of poor people who want a better life, the poor who live in your overcrowded cities. Send the homeless who have suffered from storms and war to me. I promise them a bright new future of freedom and a new life.
The Statue of Liberty
1930's USA poster
The Immigrant Experience
"The Isle of Tears."
All immigrants were given numbers when they arrived and were taken to be 'processed and checked by doctors.
Why did the Immigrants come to America?
'An Open door poilcy'
3. Why were some areas given nicknames such Little Italy?
2. Identify the four main cities where immigrants settled.
5. Using the information and pictures, describe the living conditions for most immigrants.
4. Why did immigrants choose to live in slum areas?
Attraction to the USA
Immigrants to America between 1815-1860 5 million immigrants settled permanently in the United States, mainly English, Irish, German, Scandinavian, and others from northwestern Europe.
1865-1890----10 million immigrants settled permanently in America, again mainly from northwestern Europe.
These were known as old immigrants.
15 million new Immigrants between 1890-1914 journeyed from central and southern Europe to the United States. Many of whom were Austro-Hungarian, Turkish, Lithuanian, Russian, Jewish, Greek, Italian, Romanian and Polish.
These were known as New Immigrants.
The melting pot comes from USA President Woodrow Wilson who believed that people of all different cultures came together in the USA.
The Salad bowl was used to describe an America in which many immigrants tried to keep their old cultures alive so that they were American but still had their roots in their old countries.
Old & New Immigrants
New immigrants came flooding in from Southern & Easten Europe and from Asia.
Old immigrants thought they were important because they had money and their ancestors had arrived in America a long time ago.
They hated 'new immigrants' who had just arrived in America and were poor and often illiterate.
Old immigrants were nicknamed WASPs which means White, Anglo-Saxon, and Protestant.
Old immigrants mostly came from countries such as Britain, Germany & Ireland.
Most new immigrants could not speak English so stayed near friends and relatives.
Many kept themselves to themselves and did not mix. Many were single males but some families did come to USA.
To the outsiders they looked strange and 'not American.'
Medical inspections were compulsory for all immigrants.
From 1892, immigrants were taken to Ellis Island New York harbour before they were allowed in the country.
Immigrants & Slums
The American Dream - Myth or Reality?
Language Barriers - Many could not read or write or speak English.
Poor housing - City slums became overcrowded and rife with disease. Immigrants tended to stick together for safety and comfort.
Religious tension -Catholics & Jews suffered abuse and discrimination.
Racial Tensions - Old immigrants, Blacks, Orientals, Mexicans and Red Indians suffered from prejudice and racism.
Poverty - Many immigrants came with nothing but the clothes on their backs.
Immigrants had to deal with many problems as they climbed towards the American Dream.
"When we reached the dock we were glad we were off the boat! We were smelly and we needed a bath. We had to be examined and my children were taken away from me. When they checked my eyes, I didn't want to cry, but there were tears in them. I was wondering if I would get into America. When they told me I could enter I went looking for my children. Then I saw my husband and went running towards him. I was crying and when I reached him I saw my children were with him. We were so happy to see each other and we cried together."
An immigrants experience of Ellis Island
Immigrants were given chalk markings if they had anything wrong with them.
Using pages 12 & 13 answer these questions in full sentences.
Many were sent home if they failed to pass these inspections.
Most new __________ lived in the growing cities. The flood of immigrants looking for ______ and ______ meant that cities grew quickly. There was little ______ over the buildings or conditions. As a result, ______ increased in many inner city areas across America. Slums became __________ and disease and crime became a common experience.
The American government adopted an ‘Open Door’ policy on immigration which allowed almost anyone from anywhere in the world to settle in the USA.
Where did the immigrants come from?
Use the verse at the bottom and write down three pull reasons and three push reasons why so many immigrants came to America.
By the 1890s most new immigrants were arriving from southern and eastern European countries such as Italy, Poland and Russia. Often known as ‘Slav immigrants’ most of these new arrivals were poor and uneducated. Many were peasants from rural regions who were being pushed out by Europe's industrial revolution.
(Out of Europe)
( The American Dream)
Chance of employment/ Booming industry
Freedom and Peace
The idea that you could become successful in America regardless of your background or circumstances.
The reality of life in America was often a shock to new arrivals. As one Italian immigrant said having been led to believe the streets were paved with gold.
‘First the streets weren’t paved with gold, second they weren’t paved at all, and third I was expected to pave them.’
The 4 major cities that many immigrants settled in when they arrived in America were New York, Boston, Chicago & Pittsburgh.
People from all sorts of backgrounds with different cultures and languages mixed together but there were areas throughout many American cities where separate communities were set up in different parts of these cities. "Little Italy" and "Little Russia" were just two examples.
Immigrants chose to live in slum areas because housing was cheap and affordable. Many immigrants simply stayed in areas where they first arrived. They could not afford to travel to different areas of America.
A Change in Attitude?
Describe these pictures
Click the play button in bottom left corner
What can we assume from the figures below?
TIMES SQUARE, APRIL 2015
Introduction Activity : How many us states can you name?
Little Italy 1900
Little Italy 2015
Between 1820 and 1920 over
5,500,000 came from Germany.
1. Describe the 'American Dream.'