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Transcript of Gaming Consoles
In 1951 the idea of at home video game was brought fourth by Ralph H. Baer.
Video games have been a source of entertainment for people of all ages for many years.
The first video game appeared in the 1950's and was played on massive computers it was known as the "bouncing ball."
Ralph H. Baer
In the late 1960's Ralph H. Baer created a series of video game consoles. One known as the "Black Box" featured changeable game modes and was featured on multiple TV manufacturers.
In 1972, the first at home video game console was released, it was called the Magnavox Odyssey.
From the years 1978-79, Ralph along with others created three popular video games. These games would be Simon, Super Simon, and Maniac. Simon was a patterning game that grew to be extremely popular in the 1970's.
In autumn of 1975, Magnavox canceled the odyssey and released a scale down model that only played pong and hockey, the Odyssey 100.
After The Odyssey
The Magnavox Odyssey started what is now one of the biggest forms of entertainment.
A series of gaming consoles came out shortly after the Odyssey including:
- Fairchild Channel F
- Atari 5200
- Bally Astrocade
These consoles brought out some of the most popular games of all time like Pac-Man and Donkey Kong.
Third Generation Consoles
In July 15, 1983, the North American video game crash ended with the release of Nintendo's NES (Nintendo Entertainment System) in Japan.
This marked the era of new and improved consoles such as:
- SG - 1000
- Atari 7800
- Master System
- Nintendo Entertainment System
This generation of consoles gave us many classic games that people today are still enjoying like: Super Mario Bros 1-3 (NES) and Pole Position II (Atari)
Nintendo was founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi in September of 1889 making Hanafuda cards.
In 1956-1974, Nintendo started making toys until they released its first video game system, the Color TV Game 6.
In 1983, Nintendo released its second gaming console, The Nintendo Famicom before releasing its first gaming console in the US, The Nintendo Entertainment System.
After Nintendo's release of their very popular console the NES they continued making many consoles which also sky rocketed in sales like the Game Boy, the Nintendo 64 and the Game Boy Advanced SP
Nintendo's fan based began to grow after the game boy. Nintendo later went on to create the Nintendo DS/DSi/3DS, Wii, and Wii U.
Sony Entertainment Network
The PlayStation X is Sony's least known gaming console. The console was made for only two years due to poor sales. The PlayStation X was intentionally just an upgraded version of the PlayStation 2 and was never released out of Japan. The console itself had every feature of the PlayStation 2 and had a few additional features like the ability to record video.
In 1946, Masaru Ibuka opened a department store in Tokyo. The next year he was joined by Akio Morita and they started Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo (Tokyo Telecommunication Engineering Corporation.
The company built Japans first tape recorder, called the Type-G and changed their name to Sony in 1958.
In 1971, Masaru Ibuka gave the ownership of Sony to its co - owner Akio Morita who began a life insurance company.
The company was then passed onto Norio Ohga who brought the idea of Compact Disc and PlayStation to Sony.
The company was finally given to Kazuo Hirai who brought sony back on track.
Ever since then Sony has been producing Computers, laptops, Smart TV's, PlayStation's, and robots.
The first PlayStation was released in 1994 in Japan it was released in the 5th generation of gaming consoles and competed against the Sega Saturn and Nintendo 64.
Released in 2000, the PlayStation 2 was the best selling video game console, it sold over 155 million units. The production of the PS2 ended in January 4th, 2013, 13 years after its release.
Released on November 17, 2006 PlayStation 3 was Sony's seventh generation of gaming consoles. It was the first one in its series using motion-sensing technology and a blue-ray disc player. Sony released a slimmer model of the PlayStation 3 in 2009 and a super slim model of the PlayStation 3 in 2012. To this date the PlayStation 3 has sold over 80 million consoles.
PlayStation 4 is the most recent released gaming console of the PlayStation series, it was released on November 15, 2013. The development of the PlayStation 4 began in 2008 and introduced the PlayStation App for the PS4. The app allows players to connect their tablets and smartphones to the PlayStation to create a second screen. PlayStation4 also introduced a touch screen pad on its controller. Ever since its release the PlayStation 4 has released over 10 million consoles.
In 1972, Paul Allen and Bill Gates founded their first company, Traf-O- Data which created a rudimentary computer that tracked and annualized automobile traffic data.
In March 1975, Traf-O-Data released a BASIC interpreter for the Altair 8800 Microcomputer called Altair BASIC.
On April 4, 1975, Microsoft was revealed to the world with Bill Gates as the CEO. The name Microsoft came from the combination of the two words microprocessor and software.
Microsoft later went on to create windows, office, and the Xbox by 2001.
To this date Microsoft has created Windows, Laptops, Tablets, Phones, Consoles, Outlook, and more.
The first Xbox was released on November 15, 2001. The Xbox was released during the sixth generation of gaming consoles and competed against the PlayStation 2, Sega's Dreamcast and Nintendo's Gamecube. The Xbox featured an online subscription and its most popular game Halo 2. The Xbox was discontinued in 2007 after selling over 24 million copies.
The Xbox 360 was released during the seventh generation of gaming consoles competing against the PlayStation 3 and the Nintendo Wii. The Xbox 360 was released on November 22, 2005, it featured Kinect, a motion control system. Upon release, the Xbox 360 was sold out in all regions. On June 14, 2010, Microsoft announced its release of the redesigned slimmer Xbox 360. As of June 30, 2013, the Xbox 360 has sold over 78.2 million copies.
The Xbox One released on November 22, 2013, during the eighth generation of gaming consoles competes against Sony's PlayStation 4 and Nintendo's Wii U. The Xbox One features the ability to watch cable or satellite TV through the console with Kinect based voice control. Microsoft was criticized for requiring the Xbox One having the updated Kinect plugged into the function which critics believed could be a surveillance device. Despite Microsoft's commitment to user privacy, Microsoft allowed the console to function without Kinect. Ever since the Xbox One's release the console has sold over 3 million copies.