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The SIOP Model & CALLA Approach
Transcript of The SIOP Model & CALLA Approach
The SIOP model consists of eight interrelated components. They are:
Language and content objectives, adaptation of content, use of materials
Links to prior learning and background experience
Making content understandable through clear explanations
Scaffolding and questioning techniques
When SIOP is fully implemented regularly, English Language Learners' overall academic proficiency improves.
It improves student's academic and language skills and prepares them for future careers.
Teachers help by providing support and giving students confidence by using their prior knowledge to get them to think more efficiently.
Effective for all
features for ELLs
Eight Components Cont.
: Grouping students to enhance discussion
Activities to integrate content and language objectives
Student engagement and lesson pacing
:Focus on content and language objectives, and give progress and feedback
The SIOP Model
Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol
Sheltered Instruction: An approach that builds on the principles of second language learning by creating a learning environment beneficial to the psychological, cognitive, social, and affective needs of the learner
It is designed with the academic and language needs of the ELL students in a classroom in mind. It pushes students to participate in instruction that is higher than their current level of proficiency.
It is a model that could be utilized for every student and does need to be used only with ELLS.
By: Sabrina Calloway, Yesenia Gurrola, and Jesse Ortiz
CALLA Approach Objectives
How to Use in a Content Area Instruction With ELLs
Comparing SIOP & CALLA
SIOP vs. CALLA
Brief History of SIOP
Brief History Of CALLA
It was first developed in 1996 by Jana Echevarria, MaryEllen Vogt, Deborah Short, and Marilyn Washam.
It first was designed as a protocol where the authors observed teachers to see if they were implementing effective sheltered instruction.
It is not a curriculum but a model for lesson planning and delivery.
Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach:
It was designed to provide understandable instruction for ELLS.
It integrates language developments, content area and learning strategy instruction.
Language skills are introduced within the content area instruction.
Build on prior knowledge and cultural experiences
Learn content and language skills most important for future success
Language awareness and critical literacy
Select and use appropriate learning strategies
Develop abilities to work in a social context
Learn through hands on, inquiry based, and cooperative learning tasks.
Increase motivation and confidence in academic learning
Evaluate their own learning and planning
The CALLA model has five components. They are:
Teachers build on student's prior knowledge, level of language proficiency, and types of learning strategies.
: Demonstration, modeling, and visual support.
Students work with new content and practice learning strategies taught during the presentation phase.
: Student reflects and judges the success of their strategy used and their progress made.
ELLs apply strategies learned to other content instruction.
Thinking and preparing for learning
Ex. Organizational planning and selective attention.
: Interacting with content either mentally or physically.
Ex. Taking notes, grouping, and elaborating prior knowledge.
Social/ Affective Strategies:
Interacting with others to facilitate learning or tap in to attitudes and feelings of a task.
Ex. Cooperating in groups, self talk
Both are geared to focus on ELL learning during content area instruction.
They both build on prior knowledge.
Both encourage peer interaction to facilitate learning.
Both assess learning after content instruction.
SIOP focuses more on teacher delivery.
CALLA focuses more on student learning strategies.
SIOP uses heavy teacher scaffolding.
CALLA uses more hands on instruction.
SIOP uses class assessment.
CALLA uses self reflection as assessment.
SIOP is geared toward meeting content objectives.
CALLA is more focused on creating strong learning strategies to be used in all content areas.
SIOP Lesson Template:
Exmp. Language Arts: Focus on content and language objectives, teacher activities, scaffolding, class interaction, and lesson delivery.
Incorporating CALLA in Content Area Instruction
Ex. Science: Focuses on language, content and learning strategy objectives. Five steps.