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Film and Video

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Katherine Dumas

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Film and Video

Film and Video!
Martha Rosler
Kathryn Bigelow
Marina Abramović
Agnès Varda
Martha Rosler Reads Vogue
1982, 25:45 minutes
A live performance on a public-access
cable program in New York deconstructing
the messages in Vogue and its advertising.
Looks at the institutional slants of the
magazine industry and the fashion
industry's reliance on sweatshops.
(1:40)
Born to be Sold: Martha Rosler
Reads the Strange Case of Baby SM
1988, 35 minutes
Born to be Sold is Rosler's interpretation of
the notorious "Baby M" case, in which a
natural — "surrogate" — mother and father
of a baby fought each other for custody of
the child. Rosler assumes the various roles
of the participants in the controversy. Her
analysis demonstrates how political, class
and ideological systems are played out on
the body of the woman.
A Simple Case for Torture, or How to Sleep at Night
Rosler studies the arguments given for torture under certain circumstances as they appear in the editorial pages of Newsweek magazine. Her critique is formulated through voice over narration and an on-camera collection of print media. She accuses the American press for its role as an agent of disinformation through selective coverage, its use of language, and for implicitly legitimizing a
point of view that justifies torture.

Balkan Erotic Epic
2006, 13:02 minutes
"Balkan Erotic Epic" is based on Marina Abramovic's research into Balkan folk culture and its use of the erotic. According to her, it is through eroticism that the human tries to make himself equal with the gods. In the film, she talks about how Balkan folklore involved the belief that there was something superhuman and divine in the erotic.
(6:34-7:21)
Rhythm 10
1973
In Abramović's first performance she explored elements of ritual and gesture. Using twenty knives and two tape recorders, Abramović played a Russian game in which rhythmic knife jabs are aimed between the spread fingers of one's hand. Each time she cut herself, she would pick up a new knife. After cutting herself twenty times, she replayed the tape, listened to the sounds, and tried to repeat the same movements.
The Abromovic Method
This method created by Abromovic is meant to develop the followers skills of mental and physical perceptiveness in the moment. This method makes use of a series of exercises and environments designed to focus the participants mind and body.
Zero Dark Thirty
2012
Zero Dark Thirty
’s heroine, Maya (Jessica Chastain), is an unwavering and stoic protagonist in a very dark war film, a genre almost exclusively filled with male protagonists. Bigelow documents Mayas journey very realistically and in doing so represents and honors the real CIA operative whom Maya’s character is based on. Maya's story could have been lost in history, but Bigelow brought to attention her impressive mission to find Osama Bin Laden.
Kathryn Bigelow's double win at the 2010 Academy Awards for best director and best film for
The Hurt Locker
didn’t just punch through Hollywood’s seemingly shatterproof "glass ceiling". It has also helped dismantle stereotypes about what genres of films women can and should direct. It was historic and exhilarating, especially for women who make movies and women who watch movies, two groups that have been routinely ignored and underrepresented by an industry in which most films star men and are made for and by men.
The Hurt Locker
2009
The Hurt Locker
, although directed by a woman, features all male protagonists playing a classic game of hyper-masculinity, yet it is arguably one of the best war films in the past few decades, going to show that gender does not dictate directorial style or quality. Bigelow in this film exposes the viewer to the hyper-masculine, often violent, coping techniques in reaction to the horrific atrocity of war.
Cléo from 5 to 7
1962
This clip from Varda's film
Cléo from 5 to 7
the protagonist, a French singer, is afraid of getting the result of a test from her doctor. She believes that she has cancer and will die of the disease. This film, one of Varda's most well regarded, follows Cléo while she cruises through the streets of Paris until she meets a soldier who is going to the war in Algeria the next day.

The only female director of the French New Wave, Agnès Varda has been called both the movement’s mother and its grandmother. The fact that some have felt the need to assign her such specifically feminine roles speaks volumes as to just how unique her place in this cinematic movement was.
Elsa la rose

1965, 19:21 minutes
This is Agnès Varda's affectionate chronicle of the love felt between two writers, Louis Aragon and Elsa Triolet. The couple met in 1928 and married in 1939, and had grown old and content by the time Varda filmed them together in 1965. This film is a tribute to long lasting and respectful love, and it includes an interesting examination of the relationship between life and art.
In 2013, during the 85th Academy Awards, 140 men were nominated for awards across 19 categories. Only 35 women were nominated in total. There were no female nominees for Directing, Cinematography, Film Editing, Original Screenplay, nor Original Score.
In 2012, women comprised only 18% of all directors, and other key jobs for the top 250 domestic grossing films. This represents an increase of 1 percentage point from 1998.
Women were most likely to work in the documentary, drama, and animated film genres. They were least likely to work in the action, horror and sci-fi genres.
Bibliography

2009. Photograph. ClevesceneWeb. 18 Nov 2013. <http://www.clevescene.com/reel-cleveland/archives/2009/10/08/reviews-of-the-cinematheques-weekend-films>.
Abramovic, Marina, dir. Balkan Erotic Epic. 2006. Film. 18 Nov 2013. <
Abramovic, Marina, dir. The Abromovic Method. Film. 18 Nov 2013. <http://www.marinaabramovicinstitute.org/mission/the-abramovic-method>.
Behind the Scenes The Hurt Locker. N.d. Photograph. Flix 66. Web. 18 Nov 2013. <http://flix66.com/the-hurt-locker-blu-ray/>.
Bigelow, Kathryn, dir. Zero Dark Thirty. 2012. Film. 18 Nov 2013.
"Faculty Biography." The European Graduate School. N.p.. Web. 18 Nov 2013. <http://www.egs.edu/faculty/agnes-varda/biography/>.
Born to be Sold: Martha Rosler Reads the Strange Case of Baby SM. 1988. Photograph. Electronic Arts IntermixWeb. 18 Nov 2013. <http://www.eai.org/title.htm?id=1841>.
Female Filmmakers. N.d. Photograph. Female FilmmakersWeb. 18 Nov 2013. <http://femalefilmmakers.tripod.com>.
"Film Facts." Women Make Movies. N.p.. Web. 18 Nov 2013. <http://www.wmm.com/resources/film_facts.shtml>.
Kathryn Bigelow. N.d. Photograph. WordpressWeb. 18 Nov 2013. <http://wayneley.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/bigelow2.jpeg>.
MacAaron, Alexandra. "Oscar Nominations: A Good Year for Women—On Screen, at Least." Womens Voices for Change. N.p., 11 Jan 2013. Web. 18 Nov 2013. <http://womensvoicesforchange.org/tag/kathryn-bigelow>.
"Martha Rosler Video." Martha Rosler. N.p.. Web. 18 Nov 2013. <http://www.martharosler.net/video/index1.html>.
Rhythm 10. 1973. Photograph. n.p. Web. 18 Nov 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/art21/images/marina-abramovic/rhythm-10-1973>.
Rosler, Martha, dir. Martha Rosler Reads Vogue. 1982. Film. 18 Nov 2013.
Varda, Agnes, dir. Cleo from 5 to 7. 1962. Film. 18 Nov 2013. < >.
Varda, Agnes, dir. Elsa La Rose. 1965. Film. 18 Nov 2013. <
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