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Empowerment Evalution - David Fetterman and the debate w/ MQP and Scriven
Transcript of Empowerment Evalution - David Fetterman and the debate w/ MQP and Scriven
Empowerment evaluation is use of evaluation concepts, techniques, and findings to foster improvement and self-determination
"Empowerment" is a problematic word- but we can talk about that later.
Empowerment evaluation is guided by 10 specific principles:
in environments where democratic participation is encouraged
explicit commitment to fostering self-determination
Disenfranchised -- but need not be limited to traditionally disenfranchised, oppressed, and economically impoverished
Empowerment evaluators first and foremost assist others. Serve as critical friends who know:
how to facilitate
how to ask difficult questions
how to cultivate an environment in which people "speak the unspoken"
5 things to keep in mind:
4. Consumer focus
5. Internal vs. external evaluation
People empower themselves. Empowerment evaluation just provides the tools and environment
Empowerment evaluation should be transparent and bring bias to the surface.
Provides information for program staff and other pertinent parties to advocate for themselves
Consumers (participants, program staff, community members, etc) are the driving force
Internal evaluation (empowerment evaluation) and external evaluation (traditional evaluation) are not mutually exclusive
What are your values and how might they play a role in your practice of evaluation?
1. Pattons together and Scivens together
2. In groups of four
What were their critiques of Empowerment Evaluation?
2 Pattons and 2 Scrivens
How did Fetterman respond?
Five facets of empowerment evaluation
a. liberation for those involved
b. training people to conduct their own evaluation
self-determination, defining characteristic of empowerment evaluation
like capacity building-support liberation
c. evaluators as advocates for the disempowered
e. evaluators not as judges but as facilitators
Empowerment evaluation is distinguished by “being a participatory and capacity-building process targeted at groups lacking the power of self-determination whose actual power of self-determination is subsequently increased through the tools and process of evaluation”
Difficult to distinguish from other approaches
Text is weak- level of conceptualization and theory for using empowerment evalutaion in different context
Ethical concerns- advocating and maintaining credibiltiy
Implications and consequences ? ? ?
Fetterman, what say you?
Empowerment evaluation can be adapted based on context, participant's needs and evaluator expertise.
Empowerment evaluation requires collaborative and participatory activities which should be classified as a strength rather and a weakness.
Targets the disenfranchised, but elaborated that many are disenfranchised even in traditionally settings such as academia.
1. Inconsistence with definition!
Best definition: “is designed to help people help themselves and improve their programs using a form of self evaluation and reflection. Program participants conduct their own evaluations and typically act as facilitators; an outside evaluator often serves as a coach or additional facilitator”
2. Who is being empowered?
4. Downplays the importance of external evaluation
Just because you're a trained evaluator does not mean you're qualified to teach evaluation
1. Definition is consistent
2. Consumers are only one piece of the puzzle, not the entire evaluation
3. Empowerment evaluation isn’t revolutionizing all of evaluation, rather it is creating a new type of evaluation so it’s not only a movement as describe by Scriven.
4. Self-evaluation is not always biased. It can be, but isn’t always.
Distance is not the best way to have an efficient and objective evaluation.
5. Accountability is not the only purpose of evaluation.
In response to “downplay the importance of external evaluation”.
6. Also, having an empowerment evaluator there is still useful after training because they can serve as a facilitator of the evaluation.
Apply the components of empowerment evaluation
Get in program theory groups and discuss how you might do an empowerment evaluation of your program.
What are key activities you would engage in?
What would your role as the evaluator be like?
What do you hope that the evaluation would achieve?
What challenges, if any, do you anticipate?
Distinguishing Empowerment Evaluation
1. On a blank piece of paper, write down up to three things you will take away about evaluation from today's class.
2. Do NOT put your name on it.
3. Fold it up.
Note: Please make sure it is legible so others can read it!
Now that you know more about empowerment evaluation, think about your values and decide whether the approach of empowerment evaluation fits your evaluation values.
• What might an empowerment evaluation look like for your program?
How would your approach be similar if you used Utilization-Focused Evaluation? How would it be different?
How would your approach be similar if you used Collaborative Evaluation? How would it be different?
Empowerment Evaluation is its own unique evaluation approach.
All evaluation approaches must have at least one component that does not overlap with any other evaluation approaches in the field.