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6th Grade World Music CV

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by

Amanda Jones

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of 6th Grade World Music CV

China ~One of the world’s oldest civilizations
~Population of over 1.3 billion people
~That’s about 1/5th of the world’s
ENTIRE population!
~Many different dialects
~Mandarin, Cantonese, Shanghainese...
~Family based culture Cultural snapshot
~Xaio- flute made of dark brown
(“purple”) bamboo
~Huquin- bowed 2 string
instrument
~Zheng- Plucked strings
~Pluck with right hand
~Bend strings with left hand Music- Instruments What type of music do you think this is?

What do you think it’s about?

What instruments do you think you hear?

Describe the voice of the singer. Listen! Folk song (lullaby)

From the Beijing region of China (Manderin)

Singer: Male voice
~Sliding tones, nasal tone highly prized

Xaio: embellished melody- “adding flowers” “Purple Bamboo” Much of Chinese music uses the pentatonic scale
PENTA: 5
TONIC: Note
5 note scale Pentatonic scale Do, Re, Mi, Sol, La The Pentatonic scale is the same as the black keys of the piano!

Take some time to explore the Pentatonic scale and create your own mini- black key only song! Your turn! Siberia Map- Tuva Tuvan people

Live in southern Siberia
“Nation within a Nation”

Traditionally divided into 9 regions

Cattle-herding nomads

Closest genetic relatives to the Native Americans Cultural Snapshot What instruments do you think you hear?


Number of voices? Listen! Usually done by male herders (women are now beginning to throat sing) in Southern Siberia.

Singers sometimes will travel many miles to find the perfect spot in which to throat sing.

The worldview of this region identifies the spirituality of objects in nature, not by physical being, but in their sound as well.

Imitating the sounds of nature is the root of throat singing. Tuvan throat singing: Khoomei How is it done? India Very diverse culture

Shaped by many different religions
~Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainisam,
Sikhism originated here
~Christianity and Islam came
later
Population over 1.2 billion

Once ruled by the UK
~Non-violent resistance led by
Ghandi led to independence in 1947 Cultural snapshot Indian classical music has strong roots in folk
2 styles:
Hindustani: North India
Carnatic: South India


Raga:
Scale system used in India
5 or more notes on which a melody is built
“to color” the mind/ emotions (Sanskrit)
Specific ragas used at different times of day or different seasons
Some ragas have the same notes- but the way they are approached is different. Music What do you think about the sound?
Do you have any idea what this instrument is?
What is similar to/ different from music you listen to daily? Listen 20 strings
7 are plucked
13 are resonators



Inspired the Beetles! Sitar Ravi Shankar Middle East- Lebanon Capital: Beirut
“Paris of the Middle East”

Official language: Arabic

Culture shaped by it’s many occupations over the years:
Romans, Greeks, Persians, Turks...

Ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity
Does not cause political unrest
For most of Lebanon’s history, the communities have lived together in peace

The Druse
A branch of Islam Cultural snapshot Oud
Pear shaped instrument similar to a lute
Tabla
Drums played with many different hand positions
The heel of the hand can be pressed into and slid along the head to bend the tone
Black spot made of paste and alters the overtones of the sound
Blocks are placed in the ropes at the side to alter the tuning
Mizmar
Double reed wind instrument instrument Music- Instruments At what type of occasion do you think this music would be played?

What type of instruments do you hear? Listen! Music festivals are commonly held at historic sites

These festivals are customary in the culture

Different scale system that the U.S.- Maquam
Think back to India...
Quarter tones Music- Cont. Traditional dance in Druze culture

Performed at joyous occasions (like the one we listened to!)

Also becoming it’s own style of popular music Dabke Video Brazil The majority of people that emigrate from Lebanon go to Brazil!

Largest country in South America

Culture is mainly derived from Portuguese
Was a colony of Portugal until about 1810
Also African influences
Multi-ethnic society
Full of color and life

Carnaval
Festival held 46 days after Easter
Country stops completely for about a week to participate in festivities
A Fairwell to bad things Cultural Snapshot Capoeira
Mixture of Martial Arts and Music
African roots

Roda- circle in which the game is played/ ensemble
Used to be illegal

Batizado
Like the belt system used in Karate
Apelidos Music and Dance Berimbaus
Single stringed percussion instrument
Sets the pace of the movement
“buzzing”

Pandeiros
Tabourine

Agogo
Double bell hit with a stick
Variety of hand drums Instruments Video
Full transcript