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Copy of Alertamerica: OAS Hemispheric Security Observatory
Transcript of Copy of Alertamerica: OAS Hemispheric Security Observatory
OAS Hemispheric Security Observatory
Violent Deaths in the Americas (2010)
143,000 Traffic fatalities
351,000 Violent Deaths
Americas: 15.4 homicide rate (2010)
In the Americas:
19 countries above world' rate (6.9 p/100k inh. in 2010)
5 countries with rates > 40.0/100k inh. in a year
Based on the observation of the homicide rates in the Americas (2000/11), we can tell the violence' wave in the hemisphere is:
Keeps stable regionally;
Occurs heterogeneously among Member States;
Goes beyond borders;
Circulates among subregions, countries, states and cities.
In a decade (2000-2010), homicides rates increased in 22 countries and decreased in 12.
(In the Sub-Saharan Africa Region, no countri has homicide rates higher than 40/100k hab. year)
2000: 134.075 2010: 144.733 (increment of 8%)
Rate per 100.000 inh./year
2000: 16.4 2010: 15.6
The situation is heterogeneous within countries:
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo' Convencion), adopted in 2000.
The government of Mexico estimates
150,000 total number of deaths in 2011 due to the violence of the organized crime
in the Americas.
"In the Americas, more than 25 per cent of homicides are related to organized crime and the activities of criminal gangs, while the same is true for 5 % of homicides in the Asian and European countries".
By “Organized criminal group” shall mean a structured group of three or more persons, existing for a period of time and acting in concert with the aim of committing one or more serious crimes or offenses established in accordance with this Convention, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or
other material benefit;
(UNODC Global Study on Homicide, 2011: Trends, Context, Data. P.10)
In 2010, 75% of the victims were killed with firearms in the Americas (21% in Europe):
80% of victims are male (in the Americas and all its sub-regions).
In the last decade (2000-11), all subregions of the Western Hemisphere increased their percentages of homicides by firearms.
Organized Crime and Firearms
Today, 263 substances - with more than 4,700 variations-are controlled, prohibited and persecuted by the UN conventions.
5% of the world population consume use drugs at least once a year (UNODC, 2010).
Colombian farmer receives US$ 1.30 per Kilo for coca leaves.
1 kg of cocaine base requires 450 to 600 thousands of coca leaves.
1 kg of cocaine base from the colombian Jungle costs US$2.700 dólares.
In the ports of Colombia: between US$5,500 and US$ 7,000.
Central America: U$10,000.
Northern Mexican Border: U$15,000.
USA Wholesale: U$27,000.
Cocaine' Prices in the Americas (2):
Cocaine' Prices in the Americas (1):
Cocaine' Price in the Americas (3):
Between Colombia and USA, the cocaine paste undergoes into chemical changes to double its volume.
The cocaine' price in the USA: US$ 165 / gram.
The final price of 2 kg. of cocaine in the USA retail is US$330,000.
The economic benefits of drug trafficking creates a serious problem of public security, as well as, the increase of corruption and money laundry.
Between 2000 and 2010, the prison' population increased by 30% in the Americas.
Total of inmates (2010): 3,465,311
Who are the
Strengthening of Hard Data Collection
Adherence to UNODC-CTS
Development of National Observatories
Tool Kit, Manuals and training
Implementation of Victimization Surveys
Evaluation, analysis and dissemination of information and lessons learned
Goals of the Inter-American Observatory
To compare with other countries/regions
How are we doing?
What countries offer the safest environment ?
What countries need more assistance?
To inform International Policy Making
To better understand the dynamics of crime
Why do we need international data collection?
Observatory at Glance
FACILITATES COORDINATION WITH IDB, PAHO, UNDP, UNODC AND OTHERS
ENCOURAGES DEBATE WITH CIVIL SOCIETY AND ACADEMIA
GENERATES SITUATION REPORTS FOR MISPA PROCESS
PROVIDES INPUTS FOR THE MEMBER STATES
UNODC- CTS SURVEY
DIAGNOSTIC OF OBSERVATORIES
IDB “Regional Public Good” project on Indicators
PUBLIC SECURITY DIAGNOSTIC
Role of the Observatory
Gather, organize, analyze and divulge different forms of information (statistics, legislation, public policies, good practices, documents, projects, events)
Coordinate its action with the existing observatories; regional and national information centers.
Promote horizontal transfer of experiences.
Stimulate discussion at various levels on public policies and legislation.
Promote a regional information network.