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Transcript of BEHAVIORISM
two major aspects of behavioral theory...
known as classical conditioning and opernant conditioning.
In a series of well-known experiments, he presented a variety of stimuli before the presentation of food, eventually finding that, after repeated association, a dog would salivate to the presence of a stimulus other than food. He termed this response a conditional reflex. Pavlov also discovered that these reflexes originate in the cerebral cortex of the brain.
"Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors."
--John Watson, Behaviorism, 1930
what is behaviorism you ask?
Behaviorism also known as the behavioral psychology is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Occurring through the environment in witch behaviorist believe that our responses to the environmental stimuli shapes our behaviors.
Watson wanted behaviorism to be the dominant paradigm of psychology.
Only look at the behavior and its causes of the behavior, stimuli(environmental events) and responses (physical reactions)
environment encourages or discourages responses.
It is believes that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed. The theory os learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning.
Operant conditioning is a theory of behavior which explores how behavior and its consequences affect individuals and their future behavioral choices through rewards and punishment.
Classical conditioning results when a stimulus that occurs naturally is balanced with a response.
*Russian researcher (1849-1936)
*1900 Ivan began studying the salivary response and other reflexes.
*first experimental model of learning, Classical Conditioning
*Most of his research was gathered studying salivating dogs.
his work had a major influence on the field, particularly on the development of behaviorism. His discovery and research on reflexes influenced the growing behaviorist movement, and his work was often cited in John B. Watson's writings
"Science demands from a man all his life. If you had two lives that would not be enough for you. Be passionate in your work and in your searching." - Ivan Pavlov