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Laurentian Maple Forest

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on 28 October 2014

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Transcript of Laurentian Maple Forest

Laurentian Maple Forest
Climate:
The Climate in the Laurentian Maple Forest changes significantly from one season to the next. The temperature can reach up to 23 degrees Celsius during the height of the summer, which is around 73 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature falls gradually to 4 degrees Celsius in the plants induced "winter" season, this is around 39 degrees Fahrenheit. The extreme changes in climate are a testament to how well the living things in this ecosystem can adapt. Humidity ranges from 45% to 90%. There are shorter day in the winter and longer days in the summer, causing plants to lie dormant in the winter. Leaves change color in the fall and they start budding in the spring and summer months.
This northern ecosystem can be found in Quebec, Ontario, some northern regions of the United states, as well as certain regions in Europe and Asia. This ecosystem changes in time with the seasons, so in the course of a year the ecosystem has to adapt and change to various light and temperature shifts. Due to its seasonal changes tree leaves change color and drop of in the fall, and in the spring, the cycle starts again. This ecosystem also supports a wide variety of plant and animal life.
Plant and Animal life:
Abiotic Factors:

Some abiotic factors found in the Laurentian Maple Forests include water, temperature, light, soil and nutrients. Colder temperature leads to leaves becoming dormant until eventually they fall off. Leaves on the forest floor soon start to decompose. Decomposing leaves enrich the soil as they let off nitrogen, which is a key nutrient for plant growth. Moderate rain also lends to moist soil that makes it easy for plants to grow in the spring season. Light is also filtered through the canopy of leaves, and scatters on the forest ground.
Nutrient Rich
Dark Soil and
Decomposing Leaves
Native Plants:
Mostly Deciduous and Coniferous Trees. Hardwood trees including Sugar Maples and White Birches. Conifers include firs and white spruces. Other plants include furs, the yellow marsh marigold, two leaves toothwort, the bloodroot and the American fly honeysuckle.
Native Aminals:
A variety of different animals live in the Laurentian Maple Forest. Some include the American beaver, Black capped Chickadee, the Canadian Lynx, and Racoons. It also has an array of fish, mammals, birds, and amphibians. Generally in this ecosystem the animals are active at night.

Ways in which the Ecosystem is threatened:
-much of the area fragmented by forestry activities, summer home and cottages, ski facilities and agriculture
-Due to its natural beauty and abundant natural resources and suitable landscapes for farming, forestry, and residential development
-Crops and industrial products such as iron, ore, coal, limestone, metals, coke and other chemicals are valued commodities but are also detrimental to the ecosystem when poorly managed and the ecological status is ignored.
--The timber industry is very active in this region
-There is increased mining throughout
-Residential development and agriculture and industrial expansion have brought significant changed to the ecosystem
-For example, within the forest there are multiple sand beaches including several dune formations.
-Many of these dunes have been highly altered for beach grooming and recreation.
-The species of the coastal dunes are at high risk due to this human interaction.
-Pollution Concerns also threaten the environment
-Forestry has led to sedimentation and water quality concerns in the forested areas
-Fertilizers and herbicides also degrade water quality in nearby streams
-Water extraction projects that alter lake levels have limited the effect of waves and storm surges that distribute moisture and sand, also altering habitats.
-The habitats within the forest also store the atmospheric carbon emitted from fossil fuel combustion causing an increase in extreme heat events.
-Threat of invasive species are also prominent
-Ecological change in terrestrial habitats such as the changing in the composition of native plant communities increases the risk of spreading disease and pests.

Endangered Species:
-Iberian Lynx is an endangered species
-The Lynx Conservation Assessment and Strategy was developed to provide a consistent and effective approach to conserve the Canada lynx
-Lynx were often trapped for sport during the last century
-Officially protected under the Endangered Species Act in 2000
-Numbers are decreasing in Canada

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-NACPS highlight critical ecosystems and species of a particular area and outline actions that are needed to protect them.
-Conserving the habitat of the Restigouche Natural Area will help NCC protect the habitat of the Canada
The Nature Conservancy of Canada is addressing the habitat needs for the Lynx through the completion of a Natural Area Conservation Plan for the Restigouche watershed in northern New Brunswick and Quebec.

Food Chain and Food Wed:
The Laurentian Maple Forest is like any forest, and is in danger of deforestation. Deforestation is the removal of the trees and other types of foliage in a forest. In the modern world humans use a lot of timber everyday. Timber is used to make houses, boats, and other structures. There are many solutions to prevent deforestation. One idea that can be put into action is to create laws that limit the amount of trees that can be cut down every year. Also laws can be put into place that add a minimum age that trees need to reach before they are allowed to be cut down. Alternative building materials can be used more often to preserve the trees in the forest.

Thank You
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