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Transcript of European Union
1951 -2012 Six European countries grouped to form the European Coal and Steel Community (ECCS). The aim was to unite economically and politically the European countries involved in the World War II in order to secure lasting peace. The six founders were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Paris Treaty Credits:
European Union in 1973:
European Parliament in Brussels
European flags: http://www.businessandpatents.org/content/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=90
Information and some pictures:
http://zturk.blogactiv.eu/archives/163 1951 1957 In 1957, the same six countries which in 1951 formed the European Coal and Steel Community created the European Economic Community (EEC), or ‘Common Market’. The agreement was signed in Rome and it also included the creation of the European Community of Atomic Energy.
The European Community was officially born. Treaty of Rome The agreement among the six founding States had such a success that three more countries decided to join the Community. They were Denmark, United Kingdom and Ireland and it was in 1973. 1973 1979 For the first time the citizens of the States forming the EU directly elected the members of the European Parliament. Previously they were delegated by national parliaments.
The election takes place every five years. 1981 Greece joined the EU 1986 Portugal and Spain joined the EU 1989 The fall of
the Berlin Wall 1992 2002 1995 Maastricht Treaty It created a new model for the Community based around three 'pillars' which covered economic relations, foreign affairs and home affairs.
It also officially created the European Union (EU) and it began the process of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), which would lead to the creation of the Euro. Austria, Finland and Sweden joined the EU ‘Schengen’ agreements became totally effective. The Single Market is completed with the the 'four freedoms' of: movement of goods, services, people and money.
Euro notes and coins arrived in 12 of the 15 countries of the EU. Now, 17 countries have euro as their currency. In March 2000, in a meeting in Portugal, Heads of States and Governments of the EU planned the Lisbon Strategy, also known as the Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process: an action and development plan devised to contrast the problems the European Union was facing in the fields of economy and unemployment.
Its aim was to make the EU, between 2000 and 2010, "the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion". Unfortunately, most of its goals are not achieved yet. 2000 2004 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia joined the European Union. It was the largest single expansion of the EU, in terms of territory, number of states and population. 2007 Bulgaria and Romania joined the European Union which is now of 27 member States 2010 The new decade starts with a severe economic crisis, but also with the hope that investments in new green and climate-friendly technologies and closer European cooperation will bring lasting growth and welfare.
Europe 2020 strategy is launched. 2012 The European Union
its 500 million citizens
won the Nobel Peace Prize Authors:
Maria Luisa Arnesano