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Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

Stage 2 of Erik Erickson's Eight Stages of

corinne savulich

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Stage 2 of Erik Ericksons 8 Stages of Man Approximate Age: Purpose of the stage: Negative Effects: Purpose of Stage: Example of the stage: Postitive effects: 2-3 years old To develop independence This is when children begin to begin gaining
their independence,
they may start by
making different decisions on their own such as
what toy they want to play with, their clothing and food.
Erik Erikson believes that this is the time where
the child can develop a certain
amount of independence and or autonomy. Become overly dependent on others Lack self esteem Feelings of persecution Doubt Self Compulsiveness persecution: to pursue with harassing or oppressive treatment,
especially because of religion, race, or beliefs;
to harass persistently. "Anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something. " Feelings of inability
to survive Willpower the trait of resolutely
controlling your own behavior. Confidence Ability to feel secure with oneself Autonomy:The condition or state of being autonomous, able to make decisions unaided by others. Trhoughout this stage, the child needs support from parents so repeated failures are not the only experiences the child faces. Therefore, the parents need to encourage the child to becoming more independent and making sure the failure is not repeated. A certain "balance" from the parent is necessary. The parent cannot do everything for the child but should do enough to notify the child when the wrongdoing occurs so that was the child can fix the mistake and reassure it will not happen again. Toilet Training Final Goal:
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