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Printed Electronics 4
Transcript of Printed Electronics 4
A.Large Area or Roll-to-Roll processing
Other technologies would be difficult or slow.
B.Difficulty in processing material otherwise
C.Thin product form factor
Rollable and flexible
Ultra-low price (ex: RFID , OLED)
Market has to be very large to make money GRAVURE Methodology Applications References
1. Savage, N.: Organic semiconductor breakthrough could speed flexible circuits. IEEE Spectrum
46(1), online, (2009)
2. Sirringhaus, H., Ando, M.: Theme article – materials challenges and applications of solutionprocessed
organic field-effect transistors. MRS Bulletin 33, (2008)
3. Hodgson, A.: The role of paper in the future of printed electronics. Proc. 2nd International
Workshop on Collaborating over Paper and Digital Documents, London, UK, (2007)
4. Research activities in optoelectronics and electronics manufacturing. VTT Electronics, (2002)
5. IEEE Standard test methods for the characterization of organic transistors and materials. IEEE
Std. 1620-2004, (2004)
6. Draft standard for test methods for the characterization of organic transistor-based ring
oscillators. IEEE Std. P1620.1, (2005)
7. Providing content using hybrid media distribution scheme with enhanced security. United States
Patent Application, (2008)
8. Rusko E., Hakola L.: Potential applications for hybrid media, the benefits, and the roles in the
operations model. Proc. 34th IARIGAI International Conference, Grenoble, France, (2007)
9. Hakola L., Lindqvist U., Linna H., Siivonen T., Södergård C.: Roadmap on printed functionality
and hybrid media. Proc. 33th IARIGAI International Conference, Leipzig, Germany, (2006)
10. OE-A roadmap for organic and printed electronics. Organic Electronics Association, Germany,
11. Fichman R. G.: Information technology diffusion: a review of empirical research. Proc. 13th
International Conference on Information Systems, Dallas, Texas, US, (1992)
12. Kleper M. L.: Printed electronics and the automatic identification of objects: an investigation
of the merging and developing technologies related to the generation beyond print-on-paper.
Graphic Arts Technical Foundation, Pittsburgh, US, (2004)
13. Allen G.: New nanomarkets report states that functional inkjet inks market to reach $5.5 billion.
Report of NanoMarkets, (2008)
14. Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic
equipment. Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, (2003)
15. Kempa H. Institute of Print and Media Technology, Chemnitz University of
Technology, Chemnitz, Germany. Online. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
16. Grenda E.: The Most Important Commercial Rapid Prototyping Technologies at a Glance.
17 Berggren M., Nilsson D., Robinson N. D.: Organic materials for printed electronics. Nature
Materials 6. (2007)
18. Overview RFID Guardian software. Online. URL: http://www.erpsoftwarebusiness.com/
19 Online. URL: http://www.polyid.de/en
20. Flexible sony OLED – video demonstration. Online. URL: http://www.gadgetvenue.com
21. GE demonstrates world’s first “roll-to-roll”manufactured organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs).
Online. URL: http://www.geconsumerproducts.com/pressroom/press_releases/lighting/new_
22. Nanosolar: Solar-cell coating. Online. URL: http://www.benchmark.com/news/
23. Nick: Nanosolar Powersheets – cheap and environmental friendly energy. Online. (2007) URL: References Printed electronics is a set of printing methods used to create electrical devices on various substrates.
Manufacturing of electronic circuits and other electronic components is carried out via methods used in 'priniting' (eg. Inkjet, Gravure, R2R) A Brief History The development of the printing press by Johann Gutenberg is an achievement that many historians credit for bringing the European continent out of the medieaval period.
The printing press created the ability to quickly mass produce informtion in form of books, periodicals, journals etc.
By quickly replicating this informtion the spread of knowledge was enhanced. This greater sharing of knowledge thus helped end the medieval period in europe Key Motivation for Printing Electronics There is a significant market potential for printed electronics 6 but recently also: (Printed Electronics Now, Dec 3, 09) “The market for printed electronic devices, components and systems, according to Hannah
,“(CEO of $300 billion worldwide within the next 20 years.” (~76% printed) IDTechEx „Printed Electronics‟ Market 8 For printing displays: ~50% cost savings is predicted 1.. Printing process Source:Tech-On 6.. 5.. 4.. 3.. 2.. 1.. Conventional process 1 step vs 6+ patterning steps Printing = Additive Deposition Large emerging market Allows printing of films with a wide range
of thicknesses from 50nm to 5 μm
Good scalability of line width
Achievable high layer quality, high
resolution/W Rather inexpensive
Print layers ~20-100 μm
Limited resolution and throughput and
line roughness compared to R2R
Most mature, has been used in some
limited applications such as printing
Can be roll-to-roll as well Screen Printing •Electronic component fabrication using inkjet printing is completely different than the inkjet printing of pictographs. Image printing requires the control of two dimensional drop placement to ensure the correct color droplet is placed in the correct location. Also, the jetting parameters are simplified because of the use of generally similar water based solvents. Electronic component fabrication requires three- dimensional droplet control, and to achieve this, the jetting parameters are usually more complicated.
+small ink quantities
+low viscosity inks
-speed Inkjet printing Printing enables battery integration with other devices on one substrate 57 - ZnCl2 electrolyte printed Zn/MnO2 • Interactive consumer goods packaging • Cosmetic patches • Medical care devices • RFID smart cards and ID badges • RF-enabled sensor systems and data loggers • Battery-assisted RFID potential applications: printed Li polymer battery • R2R process • 1.5V/cell carbon-zinc MnO2 chemistry Printed Battery PolyIC and Thin Film Electronics ASA re-writable memory (for toys/games): 58 For ultra-cheap RFID tag applications • Antenna is not printed • 4 bit Manchester chip (64-bit tags in lab) • ~100Hz ring oscillator, • 13.56 MHz voltage rectifier Web speed: ~30m/min TFT mobilitiies <0.1 cm2/Vs •Transit Cards and Smart Cards •Inventory and Tracking •Brand Protection •Smart Packaging for Healthcare Applications •Item-Level Tracking Organic semiconductor on plastic foil Printed RFID tags Promising for ultra-low cost, partial transparency and high flexibility 60 Konarka/Lundberg Design 8.13% record efficiency (size ?) - commercial OPV modules: ~3-5% 100feet/min; 250-1500mm width • T80 lifetime ~8000h (>3yrs) • 6.39% efficiency (0.8cm2) (capacity) J. Hauch, OSC09 Bulk Heterojunction Polymer / Fullerene Printed Organic PV http://www.add-vision.com/ screen printed air-stable printed cathode material 63 for uniformity (Mura reduction) inkjet printed displays - volume averaging required S.Skai, et al., NIP 25, 2009 (Seiko Epson) panel with ink volume correction Seiko Epson, CDT, … (Superior power efficiency brightness and lifetime) evaporated cathode material ! Conventional polymer organic LED (P-OLED) Add-Vision Printed P-OLED Fully printed OLED OLED Displays / Lighting 65 Samsung • QR-power display • pentacene OSC • screen printing+ solution processing • 15 inch display 80dpi • roll printed resist for all layers 50dpi LG Dai Nippon Printing Printed Displays - further examples Relatively simple printed devices are already on the market 67 GSI technologies + NTera Electrochromic Displays Source: Dupont Oncoprobe, Ltd GSI technologies Electroluminescent Lamps Printed sensors for glucose meters:
~2.2 billion sold each year Biosensors Source: Dupont Antennas Other Printed Electronic Devices